April 10-16, 1916
Each week, we look back at what was “in the news” the same week 100 years ago – as reported in the Cork Examiner in 1916.
By Niall Murray, Irish Examiner
Monday, April 10 1916
CADE’S MINERAL WATERS F. CADE & SONS, LTD, NOTIFY that in consequence of the large increases in the costs of all materials used in their business, and also the recent tax on Mineral Water and Sugar, they have been compelled to raise the price of their LEMONADE, GINGER ALE, SODA WATER, Etc.; the increased Prices to be charged on the day the New Tax becomes Law.
Tueday, April 11 1916
A strike occurred yesterday on Cork, Blackrock and Passage Railway goods steamers service. The strike effects eighteen men connected with this branch. The men’s statement is that they applied for an increase of wages, in some cases of 2s. 6d. and others 3s. a week. This application, they state, the company refused, and paid them off yesterday. It is further stated on behalf of the men that crane-drivers’ wages are 22s. 6d.; deck-hands, 17s. 9d.; and ‘’shovel engineers”, 30s. The strike affects the goods boat service.
Kenmare, Monday night. The Kenmare police arrested a young girl named Cronin to-day on suspicion of being the person that stole £3 (in gold) from Sir Thomas O’Connor’s house at Kenmare. The accused was charged before Mr S. O’B. Corkery, J.P., at the barracks this evening, and was remanded on bail to the Petty Sessions in a sum of £5.
Wedneday, April 12 1916
Mary Daly a soldier’s wife, in receipt of 12s 6d a week separation allowance, was fined 5s. for being drunk in charge of a child. Defendant lodges in No. 1 Harpur’s Lane.
Thursday, April 13 1916
Dublin. Wednesday Night. The non-union men employed by the City of Dublin Company as dock labourers were paid off last, night, and twenty members of the Transport Workers Union taken on. Thus all source of friction has been removed, and work was conducted on normal line to-day. Sailings will take place to-morrow.
Friday, April 14, 1916
Florence, Thursday. A number of English, Scotch, Irish and Australian officers, with members of the American Red Cross ambulance on the Verdun front, all of whom have been some time here for their convalescence, left to-day. Their departure caused keen regret among Florentines and the British and American colonies, who all extended them hearty welcome and vied with one another in providing hospitality and entertainment. - Reuter
Yesterday Messrs Sheehan Bros., of the Grand Parade Market, bought in upwards of 500 salmon. Two big catches were made at the “Marina. Hole” yesterday forenoon by Mr. J. Barry, Lower Road, and Mr. P. Mahony, Coal Quay, they capturing 45 and 40 respectively in two hauls, while Mr. Murphy, of Passage, caught 38, also in two hauls. The price of salmon yesterday evening was from 1s 4d to 1s 6d a 1b.
Saturday, April 15, 1916
Grant & Co ad
In our advertising columns to-day we publish the first list of subscriptions towards the fund organised under the auspices of the Lord Mayor, on behalf of the Little Sisters of the Assumption, Assumption Road, for the rebuilding of their boundary wall, which collapsed during the recent stormy weather. It need scarcely be pointed out the claims of this excellent Order upon the citizens of Cork. Their kindness towards the poorest classes, to whom they solely minister is almost a household word. Their services are always at the disposal of the most pitiable of their fellow citizens and the rules of their Order do not permit them of accepting anything therefor .
Not in the News
Many of the main players in the 1916 Rising featured regularly in newspapers of the time, but most of the activities relating to the Rising did not feature in the news and are only now known from information held in archives.
Compiled by Nial Murray, the Irish Examiner
Monday, 10 April, 1916
- Irish Volunteers organisers Ernest Blythe and Liam Mellows arrived in England after being deported from Ireland. Mellows would be secretly returned to Ireland in time to play a key part in the Rising in Co Galway.
- Regional Volunteers organisers Terence MacSwiney (Cork), Alfred Cotton (Kerry, but restricted to living in Belfast) and John Neeson (Drogheda) visited Dublin. MacSwiney arrived at 11pm by train to Kingsbridge (now named Heuston Station after executed rebel Seán Heuston.) Cotton was seen by police detectives visiting IRB Military Council member Tom Clarke’s Dublin shop for half an hour at 2pm, as were Patrick Ryan, Seán McGarry, Ned Daly and Joseph McGuinness later, after Clarke went home. The address was one of many in Dublin used for delivery and despatch of Irish Volunteers secret messages.
- At Volunteers headquarters on Dawson Street, Dublin, Éamon de Valera, Michael and John O’Hanrahan, Eimar O’Duffy, Bulmer Hobson, Con Colbert, Ned Daly, Thomas MacDonagh and Jennie Wyse Power were seen.
Tuesday, 11 April, 1916
- Newspapers reported court proceedings of the previous day in which Joseph Kenny and Patrick Doyle, both of Ferns, Co Wexford, were remanded in custody by a Dublin court. They were arrested in the city centre the previous evening in a car with weapons which police said they were bringing to Wexford. Evidence was heard that eight single-barrel shotguns, stamped ‘USA’ and packed in cases, were found when the car was stopped on Sunday evening, as was a copy of the Irish Volunteer. Doyle was carrying three revolvers, two of them loaded. He was driving the car, borrowed by Catholic curate in Ferns, Fr Murphy, which they had taken to Clonliffe Road where they collected the weapons and ammunition.
Wednesday, 12 April, 1916
- Sir Roger Casement left for Ireland aboard a German submarine, accompanied by Robert Monteith. The latter was an ex British Army soldier who had joined the Irish Volunteers and was later sent to Germany to help Casement establish an Irish Brigade among prisoners of war. Also on board was Daniel Bailey, a soldier of the Royal Irish Rifles who had been recruited into the Irish Brigade.
- Terence MacSwiney and Michael O’Hanrahan were at Volunteers HQ for an hour until noon, MacSwiney returning to Cork by 3pm train. Between 8pm and 9pm, Hobson, Patrick Pearse, Thomas MacDonagh, Éamonn Ceannt, Seán MacDiarmada, and others met at the same location. Four of the 10 men present were on the IRB Military Council whose existence was unknown to the others — as were its plans for Easter Sunday, 11 days later, to land German guns in Kerry and orchestrate a rebellion with the Irish Volunteers and Irish Citizen Army.
Friday, 14 April, 1916
- Tom Clarke, his brother-in-law Ned Daly, and Sinn Féin founder Arthur Griffith met at 12 D’Olier Street, where Daly later met with Diarmuid Lynch (IRB Supreme Council) and Seán MacDiarmada.
- Daly was also in Irish Volunteers headquarters for almost two hours that night, along with De Valera, Frank Fahy, Piaras Béaslaí, Con Colbert and others. Irish Volunteers staff officer JJ O’Connell was at the offices earlier that afternoon, but left Dublin for Cork on a 6.15pm train.
Saturday, 15 April, 1916
- The ‘Castle document’ was distributed to newspapers as part of the Military Council plan to gain Irish Volunteers sanction for participation in the imminent Rising, now just a week away. Printed in Military Council member Joseph Plunkett’s home, it purported to be a memo secreted from inside Dublin Castle. It revealed apparent plans to arrest prominent Irish Volunteers and Sinn Féin figures, and to isolate and prevent communication in or out of key addresses in Dublin.
Sunday, 16 April, 1916
- After the raising of the Irish flag (gold harp — uncrowned — on a green background) by Irish Women Workers’ Union Molly O’Reilly at Liberty Hall, James Connolly told members of the Irish Citizen Army: “You are going into a fight with everything against you. It is a thousand to one. If you lose you will be the worst characters that ever a country gave birth to. If you win you will be the greatest that the country ever produced.”
‘Movement of Extremists’ reports of the Dublin Metropolitan Police, held in the National Archives of Ireland. See the original documents at nationalarchives.ie
Bureau of Military History witness statements made by participants in the Rising in the 1940s and 1950s: www.militaryarchives.ie
Monthly reports of Royal Irish Constabulary inspector general and county inspectors, viewed on microfilm atBoole Library