Further Reading  

Please note:

– Inclusion of articles on this page does not necessarily indicate our agreement with, or endorsement of, their content.

– Because many scientific papers cannot be freely accessed, links usually give access to an abstract only. Open access to the full article is indicated where available.

Links to recent relevant scientific literature:

  • Appenroth, K.J., Sree, K.S., Fakhoorian, T. and Lam, E., 2015. Resurgence of duckweed research and applications: report from the 3rd International Duckweed Conference.

  (not open access)


  • Devlamynck, R., de Souza, M.F., Michels, E., Sigurnjak, I., Donoso, N., Coudron, C., Leenknegt, J., Vermeir, P., Eeckhout, M. and Meers, E., 2021. Agronomic and Environmental Performance of Lemnaminor Cultivated on Agricultural Wastewater Streams—A Practical Approach. Sustainability13(3), p.1570.

 (open access)


  • Sońta, M., Rekiel, A. and Batorska, M., 2019. Use of duckweed (Lemna L.) in sustainable livestock production and aquaculture–a reviewAnnals of Animal Science19(2), pp.257-271.

  (open access)


Other interesting links about Duckweed:


External Resources Ireland

External Resources Wales

Internal Resources at University College Cork 

Internal Resources at Aberystwyth University 


Duckweed Stock Cultures UCC

Duckweed Stock Cultures UCC

BRAINWAVES is funded by the European Regional Development Fund through the Ireland Wales Cooperation Programme

BRAINWAVES, School of Biological Earth & Environmental Sciences, University College Cork, Distillery Fields, North Mall, Cork, Ireland , T23 N73K