2015 Press Releases
Sounds from a Safe Harbour
Science and music embrace one another as some of the world's most celebrated musicians and composers come face-to-face with the finest minds in neuroscience and physiology at ‘Playing Your Heart Out’.
The performance and symposium takes place in the Aula Maxima on Friday 18 September at 1pm as part of the Sounds from a Safe Harbour festival.
This unique event is centred around Richard Reed Parry’s (Arcade Fire) ‘Duet for Heart and Breath’ – a piece dictated by the individual performers’ own heartbeat and breath, which requires the musicians to wear stethoscopes. Performed by Parry along with internationally acclaimed Nadia Sirota, the piece will be followed by a discussion headed by Prof John Cryan, Chair of Neuroscience and Anatomy Dept. UCC and Professor Ken O' Halloran, Head of UCC’s Physiology Dept and the illustrious classical conductor Andre De Ridder.
Culture File: Heart and Breath- music from Arcade Fire's Richard Reed Parry's decoded by Ken O'Halloran,Physiology http://t.co/CdJxInvWHB— UCC Ireland (@UCC) September 17, 2015
This merging of science and music, exploring the physical effects of this compositional technique has on both the performer and the music itself, is a first for both fields according to Prof Cryan “To our knowledge, it has never been juxtaposed with a science context, and will be very exciting”.
The free event is a once in a lifetime chance to experience the top practitioners from diverse disciplines begin the conversation, exploring the symbiotic relationship between music, mind and body.
More information available at http://soundsfromasafeharbour.com/john-cryan-2/
Playing Your Heart Out
The twinning of heart and breath in physiology is a common theme. The lungs, the organs of respiration, are perfused by the heart which pumps spent blood collected from the rest of the body to the lungs, hungry for fresh oxygen and keen too, to rid the body of the waste gas of metabolism – carbon dioxide. The enriched and cleansed blood returning from the lungs, the essence of life, is then distributed by the powerful pump throughout the body, with each beat. The intimacy of these two systems, this most perfect pair, is at our core and it is central to the function of all body systems. This is readily familiar to us, particularly when the systems are roused from their restful states. Recall the pounding of your heart and the large excursions of your chest, during rhythmic inhalations and exhalations, when you last exercised with some vigour. The increased demands of the working muscles for oxygen to fuel their increased workload is adequately met by the increased oxygen uptake and delivery, achieved with great precision by reflex adjustments in the control of cardiorespiratory systems. The regulation of cardiorespiratory coupling across a broad range of physiological demands is a function of the brain. The rhythmicity and pattern of breathing is determined by nerve cell networks in the brain, in automatic fashion. Nerve projections to muscles of the chest bring about the mechanical act of breathing. Similarly, nerve projections from the brain strongly influence the intrinsic pacemaker of the heart. The marriage of heart and breath is revealed in the brain too, with coupling in the activity of nerve cell networks influencing the expression of breath and beat. And all of this, most often, achieved without a moment’s notice.
I have long thought of these paired expressions as twinned melodies orchestrated by the brain. The contrasting, yet complementary rhythms provide a physiological counterpoint, which in health culminates in a calm, cardiorespiratory tune. One can consider then, in contrast, that illness is often heard by the physician, as the discordant clamour of heart and breath: a syncopated cacophony, the din of disease, as melody turns to malady.
University College Cork will host a symposium Playing Your Heart Out, exploring the interplay of science and music, in the Aula Maxima on September 18th, as part of the Sounds from a Safe Harbour festival, which runs 17-20th September in Cork City (www.soundsfromasafeharbour.com). The centrepiece of the UCC event is the contemporary classical composition Music for Heart and Breath (by Richard Reed Parry of Arcade Fire). In an unusual twist, the score is played by musicians who use their own heartbeat and breath cycle to dictate the pace and pulse of the music. Stethoscopes are employed to enable musicians to inspect and reveal their internal rhythms providing personal signatures that tumble melodically through the carefully crafted composition as a central component of the performance.
Reed Parry’s concept of Music for Heart and Breath is intriguing on so many levels. The literal, real-time, introspection of sorts, provides the rhythmical substrate for the elaboration, through his composition, of an intimate, soothing, near hypnotic expression. It is mesmerising. Its universality is the concept that each of us expresses individual melodies; each of us musical, entwined in a global symphony. Music for Heart and Breath is both from and for heart and breath. The emotional impact of the composition as it plays out, is in turn reflected in the heart and breath of listeners, and in the musicians themselves. This organic feedback loop weaves further complexity to the performance.
The brain regions responsible for the expression of physiological heart and breath are under conscious and emotional control. It has long been recognised that emotions affect cardiorespiratory control – indeed, the response of heart and breath to affective states is part and parcel of the integrated whole body response to emotional challenges. This is recognised in our language with many expressions, such as when we note that our heart has ‘skipped a beat’ or when we encourage others to ‘take a deep breath’ or ‘catch your breath’, and so on. Indeed, it is interesting to note that in the English language, the word heart can be found in breath, further emphasizing – for those fond of anagrams at least – the intimacy of these two bedfellows. Music is well recognised for its capacity to affect the emotional state. It is increasingly recognised that this partly relates to sub-conscious effects, and processing of sensory information by brain regions that constitute the body’s arousal and defence systems, archaic regulatory systems that are often employed in the body’s classical fight or flight response, that employs the cardiorespiratory (and other) systems as part of an integrated response to stressors. Whilst music can quickly be recognised as posing no obvious threat to the body, it nevertheless evokes a visceral response consistent with the activation of emotional centres of the brain. Why does music evoke such a powerful emotional response? In view of the intrinsic biological rhythms that serve to maintain whole body health, ensuring homeostasis (internal balance), it is tempting to consider that musical melody moves us, owing to a harmonic interplay with our own rhythms, tapping in to the emotional centres of the brain and thereafter awakening the sites that serve to process this altered state, which often struggles to pinpoint with accuracy why we feel such a connection to certain compositions. Indeed, for some, the experience in real-time, appears to hijack the capacity to articulate the feeling through breath at all, leaving them, quite literally, speechless. Similar processing of visual art, literature and poetry (and of course a host of other joys to behold) can achieve similar outcomes, but there is something quite special and encompassing about music. Professor John Cryan, Head of the Department of Anatomy & Neuroscience, UCC will co-host the symposium providing expertise on sensing, processing and responding in the nervous system to the emotional impact of the music.
As a physiologist, and experimentalist, I am intrigued by the rich landscape that Music for Heart and Breath provides for observation and measurement. The many questions that arise serve to quicken my pulse, – a career hazard. Beyond that, however, the many questions and answers that Music for Heart and Breath provides in respect of the intimate relationship between musician, composition and audience are spellbinding and a joy to ponder.
Ken O’Halloran is Professor of Physiology and Head of the Department of Physiology at University College Cork, Ireland. His primary research interest is the control of breathing in health and disease.