CARIBIC

Overview

An International team of researchers at UCC is building a high-tech instrument for the CARIBIC project to collect airborne measurements of greenhouse gases, trace species and aerosol in the upper troposphere, at typical altitudes of 10 to 12 km

CARIBIC
 is a large scale European programme with the aim of studying global climate change. A container with 15 existing instruments is currently flying on board a commercial Lufthansa aircraft since 2005 and has already completed more than 330 flights across the globe.
CARIBIC flight map

Our Research

There are currently 7 researchers from 3 world-class Institutes working on the new instrument: Prof. Andy Ruth, Dr. Marc Goulette, and Dr. Hemanth Dinesan from UCC, Dr Steven Brown, Bill Dubé and Dr. Gerhard Hübler from NOAA(USA), and the CARIBIC coordinatorDr. Andreas Zahn from KIT (Germany).

CARIBIC measuring instrument
The instrument consists of 4 optical cavities using High Reflective (HR) mirrors, in which the sample air from outside the plane is injected in. Two diode lasers send a signal (light) through these cavities and are used to measure the concentrations of different essential gas species. The light coming out of the cavities is collected by 4 photomultiplier (PMT) tubes, and the signal is sent to the Data Acquisition system (DAQ) before reaching the computer. The device is a Cavity-Enhanced instrument based on the CRDS approach.
The full instrument is expected to deliver data from the summer 2018, for about 18 months.

Lufthansa aircraft
The host aircraft is an Airbus A340-600 which can accommodate up to 380 passengers. CARIBIC travels in the cargo hold of the plane once or twice per month.

Dedicated Inlet System
A dedicated inlet system allows the air from outside of the plane to enter the inside of the container.

CARIBIC Instrument at work

CARIBIC's assembly hall at the KIT Institute. CARIBIC instrument highlighted with yellow arrow

IAGOS logo

Design of the instrument (Sept. 2015). Top: optical cage, aerosol filters, and temperature controllers.           Middle: Data Acquisition system. Bottom: Pump, gas system, and electrical box.

 Design of CARIBIC instrument

Status of the instrument (November 2017). The instrument is presently undergoing testing at NOAA. Click here for larger images of instrument from all angles.
Caribic instrument setup

Further reading

[1] C. Brenninkmeijer et al., Civil Aircraft for the regular investigation of the atmosphere based on an instrumented container: The new CARIBIC system, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7 (2007) 4953-4976. 

[2] S. Brown, J. Stutz, Nighttime radical observations and chemistry, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012, 41, 6405-6447 
[3] W. Dubé et al., Aircraft instrument for simultaneous, in situ measurement of NO3 and N2O5 via pulsed cavity ring-down spectroscopy, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 77, 034101, 2006 
[4] H. Fuchs et al., Determination of Inlet Transmission and Conversion Efficiencies for in Situ Measurements of the Nocturnal Nitrogen Oxides, NO3, N2O5 and NO2, via Pulsed Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy, Anal. Chem., 80, 6010-6017, 2008 
[5] N. Wagner et al., Diode laser-based cavity ring-down instrument for NO3, N2O5, NO, NO2 and O3 from aircraft, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 1227-1240, 2011 
[6] M. Wheeler et al., Cavity ring-down spectroscopy, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1998, 94(3), 337-351

Caribic Conference Presentation

 

[1] M. Goulette, S.S. Brown, H. Dinesan, W.P. Dubé, B.P. Keary*, J. Orphal, A.A. Ruth, A. Zahn,

"A New Cavity Ring-down Instrument for Airborne Monitoring of N2O5 , NO3 , NO2 and O3 in the Upper Troposphere Lower Stratosphere"

12th International User Meeting and Summer School on Cavity Enhanced Spectroscopy (Cavity Enhanced Spectroscopy 2017) , 12-15 June 2017, Egmond aan Zee, The Netherlands. (poster)

 

 

[2] A.A. Ruth, S.S. Brown, H. Dinesan, W.P.Dubé, M. Goulette, J. Orphal, A. Zahn,

"A New Cavity Ring-down Instrument for Airborne Monitoring of N2O5 , NO3 , NO2 and O3 in the Upper Troposphere Lower Stratosphere"

IAGOS-CARIBIC Workshop, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 4-6 (4/2017). (poster)

 

 

[3] A.A. Ruth, S.S. Brown, H. Dinesan, W.P.Dubé, M. Goulette, J. Orphal, A. Zahn,

"A New Cavity Ring-down Instrument for Airborne Monitoring of N2O5 , NO3 , NO2 and O3 in the Upper Troposphere Lower Stratosphere"

IAGOS Symposium, Manchester, UK, 17-19 October 2016. (poster)

 

 

[4] M. Goulette, S.S. Brown, H.Dinesan, W.P. Dubé, G. Hubler, J. Orphal, A.A. Ruth, A. Zahn,

"A New Cavity Ring-down Instrument for Airborne Monitoring of N2O5 , NO3 , NO2 and O3 in the Upper Troposphere Lower Stratosphere"

FLAIR 2016, 12-16 Sept, Aix-les-Bains, France. Airborne & Space. Link (oral presentation)

 

[6] M. Goulette, S.S. Brown, H.Dinesan, W.P. Dubé, G. Hubler, J. Orphal, A.A. Ruth, A. Zahn,

"A New Cavity Ring-down Instrument for Airborne Monitoring of N2O5 , NO3 , NO2 and O3 in the Upper Troposphere Lower Stratosphere"

(# LTh1G.2), Laser Applications to Chemical, Security and Environmental Analysis (OSA), 25-28 July, 2016, Heidelberg, Germany, (oral presentation and preceedings) ISBN: 978-1-943580-15-6, OSA publisher Link

 

[6] A.A. Ruth, S.S. Brown, H. Dinesan, W.P.Dubé, M. Goulette, J. Orphal, A. Zahn,

"A New Cavity Ring-down Instrument for Airborne Monitoring of N2O5 , NO3 , NO2 and O3 in the Upper Troposphere Lower Stratosphere"

Geophysical Research, Abstracts, Vol. 18 (2016) 9974, EGU General Assembly, 17-22 April, 2016, Vienna, Austria. (poster & abstract published)

Laser Spectroscopy Group

Room 213, 2nd floor, Laser Spectroscopy Group, Physics Department, University College Cork, Ireland,

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