Ciara Greene1 and David Soto2
1University College Cork, School of Applied Psychology, Cork, Ireland
2Imperial College London, Department of Medicine, Division of Brain Sciences, St. Dunstan's Road, London, W6 8RP (UK)
Introduction: Two routes to visual distraction have been identified: salient stimuli capture attention in a bottom-up fashion, and the reappearance of task-irrelevant items that are being actively maintained in working memory can lead to distraction via top-down, but automatic, guidance of attention. Bottom-up, stimulus-driven distraction is associated with a ventral frontoparietal network incorporating the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and temporoparietal junction (TPJ). A dorsal network including the superior frontal gyrus, superior parietal cortex and intraparietal sulcus has been shown to underlie the voluntary, top-down control of attention.