Adrian O h-Ealuithe, BA, MA (NUI-UCC)

Thesis Title - ‘Frei Martín Sarmiento and Education: A Critical Edition of Two Texts’

My name is Adrian O h-Ealuithe and I am currently a PhD student at UCC. Having completed an MA on the life of Martín Sarmiento, an eighteenth-century advocator of the use of the Galician language in all apsects of education and culture, I have decided to continue my research in this area. While living in Santiago de Compostela, I sourced unedited Sarmientan texts on the field of education and hope to transcribe one or more of these texts with a view to compiling a critical edition and study of the texts. I have also become a member of a research team for the Proxecto Sarmiento, under the supervision of Henrique Monteagudo, a renowned expert on Galician culture and literature and professor at the University of Santiago de Compostela.

2007 - Martín Veiga - A obra literaria de Antón Avilés de Taramancos: un estudo crítico


The poetry of Antón Avilés de Taramancos is now situated at the centre of the canon of Galician literature but has not received the critical attention I believe it merits. Although different facets of his work have been studied, there is currently no monograph devoted to the analysis of his entire production. This thesis explores the essential aspects of his work, establishes Avilés’s position within the Galician literary system and argues that his poetry is a vehicle for purely literary values but that it also has ideological implications related to the author’s notion of identity. The conclusion advances the view that Avilés’s contribution to Galician literature lies precisely in the tension between these two concepts.


2009 - Aoileann Lyons - Historical Literary Analysis of Queixumes dos pinos by Eduardo Pondal and Comparative Analysis of the Poetry of W. B. Yeats in the Context of Nineteenth-Century Regionalism.


Imagining Galicia offers a historical-literary analysis of Eduardo Pondal’s Queixumes dos pinos, examining the historical and cultural parallels between revivalist regional movements in nineteenth-century Europe, and specifically in Galicia and Ireland. The thesis is a case study in transcolonial theory (an expansion of postcolonial theory that analyses revivalist movements in different countries as part of a horizontal, cross-boundary phenomenon, as opposed to a simple core-periphery paradigm), examining the literary formation of Galician and Irish national self-consciousness based on parallels observed in the work of Eduardo Pondal and W. B. Yeats: their use of mythology; the challenge to preconceived (perceived as ‘imposed’) ideas and the assertion in their place of a native ‘Irish’ or ‘Galician’ perspective on place, people, time, history, life and death; and the aristocratisation of their poetry by the elaboration of and insistence upon a national heroic ideal.

The work is divided into three main chapters, each comprising a separate and complementary theoretical approach to the subject matter: (1) a description of the historical background to the events and political-cultural ideologies of the period; (2) a Bourdieuian sociolinguistic analysis of the biography of Pondal and the poetry collection, Queixumes dos pinos; and (3) a comparative literary analysis of the work of W. B. Yeats, following Jung’s thesis regarding the crisis of modern man and its interpretation by T. R. Whitaker. In the past, Pondal has been served poorly by reductionist, ideological or nationalistic treatments of his work, all of which fail to address satisfactorily the importance of the inter-textual elements in the Pondal’s writing: the influence of international literature, contemporary and historical; and the political tensions and tendencies of his time. Imagining Galicia attempts to offer a less ideological and more historically conscious, extrospective analysis, coupled with an awareness of his very personal poetic sense and political consciousness.

Queixumes is ultimately a book about self-definition: about possessing one’s own identity and governing how one relates to the world outside oneself. Pondal imagined a Galician voice that from vague, queixumosos beginnings would rise into a triumphant pronouncement of the region’s awakening. Just as important as having a ‘gigantic’ language to lean on, though, was that the Galician people should feel strong enough to look and speak for themselves: to fill the national language with themselves and bear witness by themselves. Queixumes dos pinos is a testament to its author’s belief in the possibility of a Galician way of seeing.

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