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The Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs of Hy-Fiachrach, commonly called O'Dowda's Country (Author: Duald Mac Firbis)


Genealogy of the Hy-Fiachrach

The Race of Fiachra, Son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin6. — [These are the7 Hy-Fiachrach of the Muaidh8 (where we are this day, 1666), the Hy-Amhalgaidh of Iorrus9, the men of Ceara10, the Hy-Fiachrach Aidhne11, now called Cineal Guaire12, Cineal Aodha na h-Echtghe13, Coill Ua bh-Fiachrach14, together with other territories not considered as of the Hy-Fiachrach at the present day].


Fiachra, son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, had five sons15; namely, Earc Culbhuidhe from whom are descended the men of Ceara. (He was called Earc Culbhuidhe, because the smelted gold was not yellower than his hair. The territory of his descendants was great until the descendants of his brother Brian took it from them as eric16 for their father). Breasal, whose race became extinct; and Conaire, from whom sprung Sechnall17, the Saint.

From Amhalgaidh, the fourth son of Fiachra, are sprung the Hy-Amhalgaidh on the Muaidh18, and the Hy-Becon. This Amhalgaidh had a large family, namely, Fedhlim; Eochaidh of the two plains, i. e. of the plain of Muirisc, daughter of Liogan19, and of the plain of Muidh, or Muaidh20; Eunda; Conall; Aongus; Eoghan; Cormac; and Corrdubh. These were the eight sons of Tresi, the daughter of Natfraoch, and sister of Aongus, son of Nadfraoch, king of Munster21.

From Fedhlim, the son of Amhalgaidh, are descended the Cineal Fedhlimidh, in Hy-Amhalgaidh; that is, the families of O'Ceallachain22, O'Caithniadh23, Mac Coinin24, O'Muimhneachain25, Mag-Fhionain26,


O'Gearadhain27, O'Conboirne28. These are the Cineal Fedhlimidh of Iorrus.

From Aongus, the son of Amhalgaidh, are descended the Cineal Aongusa, in Hy-Amhalgaidh; namely, the O'Muireadhaighs29, chieftains of the Lagan30; and of the descendants of this Aongus was Diucaill the Fierce, of the hill of Budh31, daughter of Bodhbh Dearg; and of the descendants of Aongus are the people of Dun Finne32; namely, the families of O'Cuinn, Mag Odhrain, O'Comhdhan, O'Duibhlearga, O'Bearga, O'Blighe, O'Duanma, or Duanmaigh; and of the race of Aongus is the family of O'Radubhan of Gleann an Chairn33, who descend from Radubhan, son of Muireadhach, son of Eochaidh, son of Aongus, son of Amhalgaidh.

Of the race of Aongus also is the family of Mac Conletreach, of Lios Leitreach34, who descend from Culetreach, son of Aodh, son of Muireadhach, son of Eochaidh, son of Aongus; and of the Hy-Muireadhaigh is the family of O'Fionnacains35, of Fionnchalamh36. It was to these Hy-Muireadhaigh that St. Cormac37 left prosperity of cattle and the gift of eloquence, success of fosterage, the gift of good counsel, and the headship of peace and protection among the Hy-Amhalgaidh; and the battle dress of the King of Hy-Amhalgaidh was given to the best man of the Hy-Muireadhaigh.


Eochaidh of the two plains, the son of Amhalgaidh, had a son Fiachra Fionn, from whom are descended the Hy-Fiachrach Finn, in Hy-Amhalgaidh, viz., the families of O'Congaile of Cill Achaidh Duibh38, and O'Cathasaigh of Cill Achaidh Duibh also.

The descendants of Eoghan, Cormac, and Corrdubh, if they left any, are not mentioned.

From Eunda Crom, son of Amhalgaidh, are the Hy-Eunda Cruim among the Hy-Amhalgaidh.

From Conall, son of Amhalgaidh, are descended the Hy-Conaill, of the River Dael39, with their correlatives. These were the sons of Tresi.

Earca, daughter of Eochaidh, King of Leinster, another wife of Amhalgaidh, had seven sons; namely, Fergus; Cormac Ceannfoda; Colom; Seudna; Eochaidh; Aoldobhar; and Emeach, from whom are sprung the family of O'h-Emeachain. Fergus, son of Amhalgaidh, had two sons, namely, Conaing and Muireadhach, King of Hy-Amhalgaidh. From Conaing are sprung the Hy-Airmeadhaigh, who are the inhabitants of Caille Conaill, in the north, that is the tract extending from Traigh Murbhaigh40 to Fearsad Tresi41, where Tresi, the daughter of Nadfraoch, and wife of Amhalgaidh, son of Fiachra, was drowned. These are the tribes of Caille, viz., the families of O'Derg; O'h-Aodha, of Ard O'n-Aodha42; O'Maoilconaire; O'Flannabhra; and O'Tegha. And of the race of this Conaing, the son of Fergus, was Cumain Foda, from whom Cill Cumaoin43 in Caille Conaing has derived its name.


The following are the descendants of Muireadhach, the son of Fergus, namely, the inhabitants of the cantred of Bac44, and of Gleann Nemhthinne45, and of the half cantred of Breudach46. These are the hereditary tribes of Bac, viz., O'Lachtna47, chief of the two Bacs and of the Glenn48, and of them are the families of O'Dubhagain, and the Clann Firbisigh, the poets of Hy-Amhalgaidh and of Hy-Fiachrach; — (the Leabhar Balbh49 of James Mac Firbis, says, that Lachtna was Mac Firbis50); — O'Maoilruaidh51; of Ard Achadh52, and O'Cuimin, of Lios Cuimin53 on the Muaidh.

These are the families of Breudach, viz., O'Toghdha54 chief of Breudach, O'Glaimin55, O'Luachaibh56, and O'Gilin57. Of the race of this Muireadhach, the son of Fergus, is the family of O'Learghusa58, of the west of Connaught.

The sons of Muirenn (daughter of Dubhthach, King of Hy-Many), another wife of Amhalgaidh, were the following, viz., Cairbre, from


whom sprung St. Tighearnan, of Oireadh Locha Con59; Aongus Fionn Mac Amhalgaidh, from whom are the families of O'Gaibhtheachain60, O'Flainn61, and O'Maoilfhiona62, chiefs of Calraighe Muighe h-Eleag63; Duibhindracht Mac Amhalgaidh, from whom are the Muintir Fothaigh64, Muintir Culachan, and Muintir Duinncuan; Cucoingelt Mac Amhalgaidh, from whom are the Muintir Tomaltaigh; and Conchobhar Mac Amhalgaidh, from whom are the Muintir Ubain, with their correlatives.

The descendants of Cormac Ceannfada, i. e. of the long head, Colom, Seudna, and Aoldobhar, are not illustrious.

From Fiachra, the son of Amhalgaidh, are descended the Hy-Becon of Meath, thus:{column 1}
son of Coman,
son of Seanach,
son of Aodh,
son of Fiachra,
{column 2}

son of Amhalgaidh, King of Connaught,
son of Fiachra,
son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, King of Ireland.

Cineal Airmheadhaigh here

{column 1}Duiniondach,
son of Airmeadhach,
son of Baodan,
son of Fiachra,
son of Conaing,
{column 2}
son of Fergus,
son of Amhalgaidh,
son of Fiachra.


The Cineal Eunda, Son of Amhalgaidh

{column 1}
son of Cnaimhghiolla,
son of Tomaltach,
son of Reachtabhra,
son of Clothra,
son of Dubhlacha,
son of Diarmaid,
son of Tighearnan,
{column 2}
son of Erc,
son of Maine,
son of Conall,
son of Eunda,
son of Amhalgaidh,
son of Fiachra.

{column 1}
son of Aeldobhar,
son of Laitcenn,
son of Fuilim,
son of Dima,
{column 2}
son of Ros,
son of Feidhlimidh,
son of Amhalgaidh,
son of Fiachra].

{column 1}
Fergus66 and Aongus,
two sons of Conall,
son of Fionan,
son of Conall,
son of Fearadhach,
{column 2}
son of Cormac,
son of Aongus,
son of Amhalgaidh,
son of Fiachra.

Genealogy of the Men of Ceara

{column 1}
son of Maonach, of Ceara,
son of Dunchadh,
son of Flann Rodhba, i. e. Flann of the River Robe,
son of Maolduin,
son of Failbhe,
son of Maolumha,
{column 2}
son of Fearadhach,
son of Ros Doimthigh,
son of Maine Muinbreac,
son of Earc Culbhuidhe,
son of Fiachra Foltsnathach,
son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin.


{column 1}
Son of Maelumhai,
Son of Fearadhach,
Son of Ros Doimdigiu,
{column 2}
Son of Maine Muinbrec,
Son of Erc Culbhuidhi].

This Cucothaigh had five sons, namely, Tighearnach, from whom is the family of O'Tighearnaigh68, Kings of Ceara69, Uathmharan, from whom is the family of O'h-Uathmharain70; Niall, a quo the family of Mac Neill71; Uada, from whom is the family of O'h-Uadach; and Faghartach, from whom is the family of O'Faghartaigh, as the poet said:

    1. Five sons of great prosperity,
      Niall and Uada, and Uathmharan,
      Faghartach, who forced the gap,
      And Tighearnach of the bounteous hand.

[Cuan72, from whom are descended the Clann Cuain, was,
{column 1}
Son of Eochaidh,
Son of Flann,
Son of Fearadhach,
{column 2}
Son of Ros Doimtheach,
Son of Maine Muinbreac,
Son of Earc Culbhuidhe.]

The Race of Dathi, down here

Dathi, son of Fiachra, was King of Erin, Alba, Britain, and as far as the mountain of the Alps; for he succeeded Niall73 in the government, and reigned twenty seven years as King of Erin.


The following were the battles which he fought in defence of Erin after the death of Niall, the son of Eochaidh, viz., the battle of Ath Talmaide74, the battle of Bodaighe75, the battle of Rath Cruachan76, and the battle of Magh Ailbhe77; and many battles in Alba i. e. Scotland; the battle of Magh Circain78, and the battle of Srath79.

Dathi went afterwards with the men of Erin across Muir n-Icht80 towards Leatha81, until he reached the Alps82, to revenge the death of Niall of the Nine Hostages83. This was the time that Formenius (or Parmenius), King of Thrace84, took up his residence in the Alps, having fled from his kingdom and retired thither for the love of God as a pilgrim. He erected there a circular tower of sods and stones sixty feet in height85, and he lived in the middle of the tower,


eleven feet from the light86, and he saw not a ray of the sun or other light.

Dathi came to the tower. (He was called Dathi from his expertness87 [daithe] at invading and shooting, for if there were one hundred persons shooting, i. e. discharging arrows or javelins at him, he would be protected against them by the activity of his hands in guarding, wherefore the name of Dathi clung unto him. Feradhach88 was his name when he went to the east, and it was on his expedition in the east he was called Dathi). When the king's (i. e. Dathi's) people saw the tower, they went to demolish it, and they tore it down and plundered it. Formenius felt the wind coming to him, and God raised him up in a blaze of fire89 one thousand paces from the tower of sods which he had built, and he prayed for King Dathi that his reign might continue no longer; and he also prayed God that his monument or tomb might not be remarkable. The life of Dathi endured no longer than until he had the tower destroyed, when there came a flash of lightning from heaven which struck him dead on the spot.90


When the men of Erin perceived this, they put a lighted Sbongc [Spongia?] in the king's mouth, in order that all might suppose that he was living, and that it was his breath that was coming out of his mouth. But the learned say that it was the same arrow with which Niall of the Nine Hostages was slain, that God permitted Formenius to discharge from his bow that by it Dathi might be killed91.

Formenius then went one thousand paces down from that mountain, and there dwelt in another habitation92.

Amhalgaidh, the son of Dathi93, then took the command of the men of Erin, and he carried94 the dead body of his father with him, and he gained nine battles by sea, and ten battles by land by means of the corpse: for when his people exhibited the body of the king, they used to rout the forces that opposed them. These are the names of the battles thus gained by land, viz., the battle of Corpar, the battle of Cinge, or Cime, the battle of Colom, the battle of Faile, the battle of Miscal, the battle of Lundunn, the battle of Coirte, the battle of Moile,


the battle of Grenius, and the battle of Fermir95. These were the battles gained by Dathi by exhibiting his dead body to the hosts.

The body of Dathi was carried to Erin, and interred in releg na Riogh the cemetery of the kings at Cruachan, where the kings of the race of Heremon were, for the most part, interred; and Amhalgaidh, the son of Dathi, died in Deisi Breagh of the venom of the deep wounds which he received in the above mentioned battles, and his tribe and progeny are in Bregia, or Breghmhagh, i. e. the Cineal Becon.

Dungal96, Flannghus, Tuathal, and Tomaltach were the four servants of trust who carried with them the body of the king. [The body of Dathi was brought to Cruachan and was interred in Roilig na Riogh, or Cemetery of the Kings, at Cruachan, where the kings of the race of Heremon were, for the most part, interred, where, to this day, 1666, the cairrthe dhearg97, red pillar stone, remains as a monument over his grave, near Rath Cruachan.] That the body of Dathi is interred in the middle of Aonach na Cruachna is attested by Torna Eigeas, in his poem pointing out the burial place of the kings of the race of Heremon to the men of Erin.

‘Thou hast concealed from all, o Cruacha Croidhearg, the fair king of Erin, Dathi, son of Fiachra, a generous king by sea and land; all have been informed that he was killed in royal land; from all I will not conceal it. Thou hast, &c.’

This was revealed to Torna Eigeas through poetical inspiration98,


after he had been requested by the men of Erin to discover where Dathi, son of Fiachra, king of Erin, was interred; so that it was on this occasion Torna Eigeas composed this rithlearg99 above given to prove it; and he composed also the following quatrains:
    1. Under thee lies the fair king of the men of Fail,
      Dathi, son of Fiachra, man of dignity100
      O Cruacha, thou hast concealed this
      From the strangers, from the Gaels.
    2. Under thee is Dungalach the vehement,
      Who brought the hostages101 over the boisterous sea;
      Under thee are, reveal their appearance102,
      Conn, Tuathal, and Tomaltach.
    3. The three sons of Eochaidh Feidhleach103, the fair,
      Are in thy mound, as I boast,
      As also is Eochaidh Aireamh104 feeble,
      Having been slain by the great Maol.
    4. The prince Eochaidh Feidhleach is
      Beneath thee, and Derbhre105 of goodly aspect,


      And Clothra106, no small honour to thee,
      And Meadhbh107, and Muireasg108.
    5. Eire, Fodhla, and Banba109,
      Three beauteous, famous young women,
      Are in Cruachan of clans,
      Three queens of the Tuatha De Dananns.
    6. The three sons of Cearmad110 of Sith Truim111,
      And Lughaidh112 of Liatruim113,
      The sons of Aodh, son of the Daghda114,
      And Midir115, the great and brave.
    7. Beneath thy stone are lying
      Cobhthach Caol116 and Ugaine117,
      And Badhbhchadh of prosperous career,
      Brother of the haughty Ugaine.
    8. The sons of the noble Feidhlimidh Reachtmhar118,


      And the descendants of Conn119 are in the assembly,
      (Excepting Art120 and Cormac121 of battles);
      It is certain that thou hast concealed them, O Cruacha.
    9. The saint [i. e. Formenius], after the destruction of his walls122,
      Said to him [i. e. to Dathi], with prophetic spirit,
      'May not this hero's monument
      Be conspicuous;' O Cruacha!
    10. Under, &c.


Dathi had twenty-four sons123 namely, Oilioll Molt124, King of Erin and Alba, and a man who exacted the Borumean tribute125 thrice without a battle; Fiachra Ealgach, from whom the Hy-Fiachrach of the Moy, and various other tribes are descended; Eochaidh Breac, from whom are sprung the Hy-Eachach of the Moy, and the Hy-Fiachrach Aidhne; Eochaidh Meann; Fiachra Mac Dathi, who was detained as a hostage by Niall of the Nine Hostages, and from whom the Hy-Fiacha, or Hy-Fiachrach, of Cuil Fabhair126, in Meath, are descended; Earc; Corc; Onbecc; Beccon; Mac Uais; Aongus the Long-handed; Cathal; Faolchu, from whom are the Ui Faolchon; Dunghal; Conrach; Neara; Amhalgaidh Mac Dathi, from whom are the Cineal m-Beccon, in Bregia, or Breagh-mhuigh127. [The pedigree of the Clann-Firbis128 is also traced to this Amhalgaidh.] Blachadh, or Bladhcadh; Cugamhna, from whom are the Mac Congamhnas, in Cineal Fechin129; and Aodh, from whom are sprung the Hy-Aodha, in Boirinn130.

Oilioll Molt, the son of Dathi, had a son Ceallach, the father of Eoghan Beul, and of Oilioll Ionbhanda, two kings of Connaught131.

Eoghan Beul had two sons, namely, Ceallach, on whom the atrocious murder was committed, that is, his own four foster sons, or pupils killed him treacherously at Ard an Fhenneadha, at the instigation of


Guaire Aidhne, son of Colman, through envy about the sovereignty; and Cuchongelt Mac Eoghain, the other son, was he who slew the foster sons of Ceallach in revenge for their fratricide; they were Maolcroin, Maolseanaigh, Maoldalua, and Mac (or Maol) deoraidh. Or, according to others, these were hanged at the river of Sal Srotha Derg132, which is called the Muaidh, and it was from them the hill over the Muaidh was called Ard na riagh133; and Ard na Maol134 is the name of the hill on the other side of the stream, where they were interred.

The Descendants of Eochaidh Breac, the son of Dathi, down here

Eochaidh Breac, the son of Dathi, had four sons, namely, Laoghaire, Brethe, Ailghile, and Eoghan Aidhne.

Brethe, the son of Eochaidh Breac, had issue, viz., Maolfaithche, from whom are the family of O'Maoilaichen135; Brodubh, from whom are the family of O'Broduibh136; Breanainn, from whom are the family of O'Maoilbreanainn137, and the family of O'Creachain138. Of the descendants of Breanainn, the son of Brethe, were the three O' Suanaighs, namely, Fidhmuine, Fiodhairle, and Fidhgusa, or Fiodhgus; who were the three sons of


{column 1} Fiodhbhadach,
son of Cuduiligh,
son of Coman,
son of Suanach,
son of Creachan of the Moy,
son of Bruidhe,
{column 2}
son of Brenainn,
son of Brethe,
son of Eochaidh Breac,
son of Dathi, King of Erin.

Fearamhla, the daughter of Dioma Dubh, son of Diarmaid, son of Seanach, son of Laoghaire, son of Eochaidh Breac, son of Dathi, was the mother of the three O'Suanaighs139. She was also the mother of Aodhan, of Cluain Eochaille140, in Corann, and of St. Dichlethe O'Triallaigh, whose habitation is in the country of Ciarraighe Luachra. And she was the mother of St. Colman, the son of Eochaidh, who is, i. e. lies interred at Sean bhothach141, in Hy-Censiolaigh; and these are the saints of the Hy-Eathach, of the Moy. Of the race of Eochaidh Breac, son of Dathi, are the Saints Colman and Aodhan. The following are the saints of the race of Eochaidh Breac, viz.:
{column 1}
son of Duach, from whom Ceall mhic Duach142
son of Ainmire,
son of Conall,
son of Cobhthach,
{column 2}
son of Goibhnenn,
son of Conall,
son of Eoghain Aidhne,
son of Eochaidh,
son of Dathi.

Also the three O'Suanaighs, already mentioned, who were established at the following places, viz., Fidhmuine, at Rathain143; Fidhairle, at Cionn Saile144; and Fiodhgus, at Glas-charraig145.


It was Dichlethe O'Triallaigh, commonly called Triallach, that absconded from Tir Amhalgaidh, and went to Disert Ui Triallagh146, on the brink of the river Casan Ciarraighe; and it was upon him the following great miracle was performed. One time, as he attempted to go away from the sons of his mother on an expedition to seek for God, they took him and fettered him, placing a lock of iron between his head and feet; and the key of the lock was cast into the sea, and a salmon took it in its mouth and swallowed it. Triallach soon after stole away on his expedition, and put to sea in a currach which was not covered with leather, and went round Ireland westwards, with the fetter between his head and feet, until he arrived on the coast of Ciarraighe Luachra147, whither the salmon which had swallowed the key accompanied him, and by the assistance of God he landed there at Disert Ui Triallaigh, on the brink of the river Casan Ciarraighe, so that neither his brothers nor tribe knew in what direction he had gone.

O'Suanaigh and Aodhan afterwards went in search of their mother's son, and they knew not his fate or destiny until they found him at the Disert with his lock on between his head and feet, and he hiding himself from those clerics who were in search of him. They were not long there when they saw a fisherman148 coming towards them, the man to whom the habitation belonged, who bade the clerics welcome, and made obeisance to them, for he perceived that they


were of the people of God, i. e. ecclesiastics, and that they had set out on their journey to search for the saint who was bound by the fetter. Triallach ordered that the clerics should be well entertained, ‘that strangers were entitled to attention.’ The fisherman then went to set his net for them, and O'Suanaigh said to him, ‘thou wilt take the full of thy net, that is a salmon in each mesh, but do not bring with thee more than a sufficiency for us, that is, a salmon for each man.’ The fisherman did accordingly, and he presented a salmon to each cleric; and the key was found in the belly of the salmon given to Triallach, and the lock was opened with it. That fetter is now a miraculous relic, and known by the name of Glasan Ui Triallaigh149, i. e. Triallachs little lock or fetter.

Triallach was called Diclethe, from the cleth, or concealment, which he made of himself in escaping from his brothers, and in the house of the fisherman. And he was called Triallach150 from the triall, or voyage, which he made on the sea in despite of his brothers.

From Ailghile, son of Eochaidh Breac, are descended Muinter Ailgheanain, or Ailghile, and of whom was the celebrated prophet Cutemen151 Mac Ailghile.

From Cuboirne, the fifth son of Eochaidh, are descended Muinter Mochain152, of Cill Athracht153, i. e. the keepers of the Cross of St. Athracht.


Pedigree of O'Mochain
{column 1}
Gregory, Archbishop of Tuam154,
son of Simon,
son of Nicholas,
son of Domhnall,
son of Donnchadh,
son of Muircheartach,
son of Muireadhach,
son of Finn,
son of Meanman,
son of Donnchadh,
son of Aitheasach,
son of Muircheartach,
son of Murchadh,
{column 2}
son of Mochan, a quo the O'Mochains,
son of Aongus,
son of Treasach,
son of Tighearnach,
son of Tadhg,
son of Ailgheanach,
son of Conchobhar,
son of Flann,
son of Cathal,
son of Cuboirne,
son of Eochaidh Breac,
son of Dathi, King of Ireland.

Others say that the Cuboirne from whom the O'Mochains are descended, was son to Eoghan Aidhne, the son of Eochaidh Breac; and this is true.

The descendants of Laoghaire, son of Eochaidh Breac, are the Muinter Muiren, of Gleann Maoilduin, at the Eidhneach155, and another family called Muinter Muiren, in Umhall156, and they are both the same family with respect to their descent, viz.:


{column 1}
son of Muiren, a quo Ui Muiren in Umhal,
son of Diarmaid,
son of Seanach,
son of Laoghaire,
son of Eochaidh Breac,
and Maolbrighde,
son of Muiren,
{column 2}
son of Maolduin, from whom is called Gleann Maoilduin,
son of Criomhthann,
son of Dioma,
son of Diarmaid,
son of Seanach,
son of Laoghaire,
son of Eochaidh Breac.

{column 1}
son of Dioma,
son of Diarmaid,
{column 2}
son of Seanach,
son of Laoghaire, &c.

Whose descendants are at Cill Cuimin157, that is the family of O'Cuimin. But he is not the Saint Cuimin by whom the place was first blest; for he was
{column 1}
Cuimin Foda,
son of Conaing or Conall,
son of Fergus,
{column 2}
son of Amhalgaidh,
son of Fiachra.

When Cuimin, the son of Dioma, was buried he was interred in the large uluidh, or altar-tomb, at the feet of O'Suanaigh, and it is his descendants that have been as comharbas in the church158 ever since.


O'Dorchaidhe159 and O'Goirmiallaigh160 (the two chiefs of Partraighe161) are of the race of Laoghaire, the son of Eochaidh Breac (or Eochaidh of the Moy). There are many Partraighes. — See the Genealogies of the Race of Brian, son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin for more of them.

O'Dorchaidhe was chief of Partraighe according to Mac Firbis (Giolla Iosa Mor), in the year of Christ 1417. — See page further on.

    1. Well has he defended162 the land of the men,
      O'Dorchaidhe of the high mind,
      The country of Partraighe of fine hazel trees,
      With a yellow-knotted spear-shaft in the battle.
{column 1}
Son of Dluthach,
Son of Dioma Cron,
Son of Diarmaid,
Son of Seanach,
{column 2}
Son of Laoghaire,
Son of Eochaidh Breac,
Son of Dathi.


O'Dorchaidhe of Gaillimh

{column 1}
James Riabhach, and Dominic,
Sons of Nicholas,
Son of James Riabhach,
Son of Nicholas,
Son of Conchobhar,
Son of Patrick,
Son of Thomas,
{column 2}
Son of Walter Riabhach, the first man of the family of O'Dorchaidhe who came to Gaillimh, according to the people of Gaillimh themselves.


{column 1}
son of Richard,
son of Martin,
{column 2}
son of James Riabhach,
son of Nicholas.

{column 1}
son of James Og,
{column 2}
son of James Riabhach.


{column 1}
son of Anthony,
son of James Riabhach.

Andrew, and Patrick the lawyer164, two other sons of James Riabhach, the elder.

Of the race of Laoghaire also are the Hy-Eachach of the Moy165, with their correlatives, and the family of O'Maoilfaghmhair166, comharbas of Cill Ealaidh167, in Tir Eachach, or Hy-Eachach of the Moy, of whom were these seven holy bishops, viz., Mo Cele O'Maoilfaghmhair, from whom are descended the Mac Celes, of Cill Ealaidh168; Aongus the Bishop, Muireadhach the Bishop, Aodh the Bishop, Ainmtheach the Bishop, Maolan the Bishop, and Flann the Lecturer, i. e. a pious Bishop of the Clann Cele169.

Of the race of Laoghaire, in Hy-Eachach, of the Moy, are the O'Criadhchens170, the O'Leanains171, and the O'Flaitiles172, or O'Laitiles.

The country of Hy-Eachach, of the Moy, extends from Ros Serce173 to Fionnchaluim, and to Fearsad Tresi. Ros Serce is so called from Searc, the daughter of Cairbre, son of Amhalgaidh, who blessed the village and the wood which is at the mouth of the River


Moy. This Searc was a miraculous female saint, and it was for her the church and duirtheach174, which are at that Ros (or in that Ros), at Roserc, were erected.

Of the Descendants of Eoghan Aidhne, the Son of Eochaidh Breac

Eoghan Aidhne, son of Eochaidh Breac, who was son of Dathi, was called Eoghan Aidhne, because it was in the territory of Aidhne175 he was fostered by the tribe called Oga Beathra, the third tribe who then inhabited Aidhne, for there were three tribes in Aidhne before the Hy-Fiachrach, namely the Ciarraighe, Oga Beathra, the Tradraighe, of Dubh-ros176, and the Caonraighe, of Ard Aidhne. The Oig Beathra came from the country of Ealla177, and were of the race of Eoghan Taidhleach178; they took possession of the northern part of Aidhne, and it was they that fostered Eoghan Aidhne, the son of Eochaidh Breac, for which he was called Eoghan Aidhne. The Oig Beathra also fostered Eoghan Beul, the son of Ceallach, son of Oilioll Molt, son of Dathi, and they were his first faction when he was assuming the government of Connaught. The Tradraighe are of the race of Geanann, the son of Deala179, and the Caenraighe are of the race of Conn180. Eoghan Aidhne was the foster-son


of these tribes, and it was the Oga Beathra (as we have already stated) that maintained the territory of Aidhne for him and his descendants after him.

Eoghan Aidhne had four sons, namely, Conall, Cormac, Seudna, and Seachnasach, who was called Ceanngamhna and Seanach Ceanngamhna, and from him are descended the Cineal Cinngamhna, i. e. the family of O'Duibhghiolla181, chiefs of Cineal Cinngamhna. Of this tribe of Cineal Cinngamhna was Saint Sarnait182, the daughter of Aodh Gabhalfhada, son of Seanach, son of Eoghan Aidhne, son of Eochaidh Breac.

From Conall, son of Eoghan Aidhne are sprung the Cineal Guaire, thus:
{column 1}
Aodh and Colman, two sons of Cobhthach,
son of Goibhnenn,
son of Conall,
{column 2}
son of Eoghan Aidhne,
son of Eochaidh Breac,
son of Dathi, King of Ireland.

From Aodh, son of Cobhthach183, are sprung the Cineal Aodha, i. e. O'Seachnasaigh and O'Cathail, two kings of Cineal Aodha; and from Colman are the Cineal Guaire.

Seudna, son of Eoghan Aidhne, was the progenitor of the Cineal Seudna.

From Cormac, Son of Eoghan [Aidhne], are the Cineal Cearnaigh.


The Cineal Cuaiche are sprung from Cethernach, son of Cuach, son of Criomhthann Caoin, son of Eoghan Fuileach, son of Aodh Gabhalfhada.

O' Cathail, in Cineal Aodha

{column 1}
son of Ogan,
son of Bracan,
son of Cionaoth,
son of Torpa,
son of Conchobhar,
son of Comuscach,
{column 2}
son of Bec,
son of Aodh,
son of Cobhthach,184
son of Goibhnenn,
son of Conall,
son of Eoghan Aidhne.

{column 1}
son of Conchobhar,
son of Uban,
son of Ogan,
{column 2}
son of Bruachan, or Bracan,
son of Cionaoth.

Pedigree of O' Seachnasaigh

{column 1}
Sir Diarmaid (now living, 1666),
son of Sir Ruaidhri, i. e. Giolla dubh O'Seachnasaigh, whose brothers were Dathi and William,
son of Diarmaid O'Seachnasaigh,
son of Giolla dubh,
son of Diarmaid,
son of William,
son of John,
{column 2}
son of Eoghan,
son of William,
son of Giolla na Naomh,
son of Ruaidhri,
son of Giolla na Naomh,
son of Raghnall,
son of Sealbhach or Gailbhighe185, son of Seachnasach, from whom the family of O'Seachnasaigh,


{column 1}
son of Donnchadh,
son of Cumaighne, or Cumaighe,
son of Feargal,
son of Maolciarain,
son of Caisin, or Cas,
son of Murgal,
son of Maoltuile,
son of Simil (or Sioghmal, or Sioghmuine, or Siothmuine),
son of Nobile (or Nocba, or Ogba),
son of Cana (or Eagna, or Aghna),
son of Nadseudna,
son of Garbhan (or Gabhran),
son of Soghan (or Toban, or Tobach, or Toghbha),
son of Branan (or Bronan),
{column 2}
son of Bran, or Brian Lethdherg,
son of Murchadh,
son of Aodh,
[son of Artghal,
son of Guaire Aidhne,
son of Colman186],
son of Cobhthach,
son of Goibhnenn,
son of Conall,
son of Eoghan Aidhne,
son of Eochaidh Breac,
son of Dathi, King of Ireland,
son of Fiachra,
son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, King of Ireland.


Pedigree of Muinter Scannlain

{column 1}
son of Art Buidhe,
son of Brian Garbh,
son of Maghnus,
son of Conchobhar,
son of Muirgheas,
{column 2}
son of Tadhg,
son of Aodh,
son of Toirdhealbhach,
son of Aodh,
son of Conchobhar,


{column 1}
son of Giolla na n-each,
son of Aodh,
son of Scannlan Og,
son of Ceallach,
son of Giolla-Bearaigh,
son of Domhnall,
son of Aodh,
son of Scannlan,
{column 2}
son of Feargal,
son of Maoilciarain,
son of Caisin,
son of Muirgeal,
son of Maoiltuile,
son of Timile,
son of Nobile, ut supra.

Seanach Ceann Gamhna, had three sons, namely, Aodh Gabhalfhada, Aodh Baill-derg, and Fearadhach, from whom are the chieftains, namely, the O'Duibhghiollas, with their correlatives, of whom I have already briefly spoken.

[Guaire, the son of Colman188, son of Cobhthach, son of Goibhnenn, son of Conall, son of Eoghan Aidhne, son of Eochaidh Breac, son of Dathi, had three sons, viz., Artgal, Aedh, and Nar. This Aedh had


a son Fergal; Fergal had two sons, viz., Cormac, and Enda a quo Cinel Enda. The issue of Cormac became extinct except one daughter, Righnach, the mother of St. Colman Mac Duach, a quo Ceall mic Duach, i. e. Kilmacduagh.

Nar, the son of Guaire, was the eldest of his sons, a quo Cinel Guaire. The Cinel Guaire are called after him for his nobleness beyond the other sons, Aedh and Artgal. Nar had one son, namely, Cobhthach; Cobhthach had a son Flann, a quo Cinel Guaire. O'Maghna189 was chief of the Cinel Guaire and of the Caenraighe until Mac Giolla Ceallaigh190 deprived him of his patrimonial inheritance. O'Duibhghiolla is the chief of Cinel Cinngamhna; Mac Gilla Cheallaigh is chief of Cinel Guaire; O'Cathan191 is chief of Cinel Ianna, and of his followers are O'Mochan192, O'h-Oirechtaigh193, and the O'Marcachans194. So far the Cinel Guaire.

Mag Fhiachra195 is the chief of Oig Bethra, and his retainers are O'Caemhagan196, O'Dubhagan197, and the Mag Flannagans198].

Maolfabhaill had two sons, namely, Maolchulaird and Cugaola, the father of Giolla na Naomh and Flaithbheartach, who was the father of Giolla Iosa, and Cugaola, from whom is the family of Mac Conghaola199, as also of Muireadhach and Giolla Fursa.

Giolla na Naomh, the son of Cugaola, had one son, namely, Aodh, the father of Giolla na Naomh and Giolla Ceallaigh, who was the


father of Aodh (who was usually called Maol na m-bo), and also of Giolla na Naomh and Cugaola. Maol na m-bo had one son, namely Aodh.


Pedigree of O'Hedhin

{column 1}
Eoghan and Muircheartach, two sons of Donnchadh,
son of Aodh,
son of Eoghan,
son of Giolla na Naomh,
son of Giolla Cheallaigh,
son of Aodh,
son of Giolla na Naomh of the plunder,
son of Cugaola,
son of Maolfabhuill,
{column 2}
son of Flann,
son of Edhin,
son of Clereach,
son of Ceadadhach,
son of Cumascach,
son of Cathmogha,
son of Torpa,
son of Feargal,
son of Artghal,
son of Guaire Aidhne.

{column 1}
Aodh Buidhe [O'h-Edhin], son of Muircheartach,
son of Donnchadh,
{column 2}
son of Aodh,
son of Eoghan, &c.


The Family of Laighdiagan

{column 1}
Eoghan [O'h-Edhin],
son of Aodh Buidhe,
son of Aodh,
{column 2}
son of Eoghan,
son of Edmond,


{column 1}
son of Flann,
son of Conchobhar,
{column 2}
son of Brian,
son of Aodh Buidhe, &c.

{column 1}
Conchobhar Cron,
son of Flann,
son of Conchobhar Cron, Tanist of O'h-Edhin.

{column 1}
Eoghan Mantach202 son of Toirdhealbhach,
son of Eoghan,
son of Edmond,
son of Flann,
{column 2}
son of Conchobhar,
son of Brian,
son of Aodh Buidhe.

{column 1}
Edmond, airchinneach of Cill Mhic Duach203,
son of Ruaidhri,
son of Eoghan,
son of Ruaidhri,
son of Flann,
{column 2}
son of Conchobhar,
son of Brian,
son of Aodh Buidhe aforesaid.


The Family of Dun Eoghain

{column 1}
Aodh Meirgeach,
son of Brian,
son of Aodh Buidhe,
son of Brian na Caoraoigheachta,
{column 2}
son of Aodh Buidhe,
son of Flann.


The Family of Dun Guaire

{column 1}
Aodh Buidhe,
son of Flann,
son of Flann,
{column 2}
son of Flann Buidhe.



The Family of Lucharnach

{column 1}
Gerald and Brian,
two sons of Flann,
son of Conchobhar,
son of Brian na Caoraoigheachta,
{column 2}
son of Aodh Buidhe, son of Flann.


Pedigree of Mac Giolla Cheallaigh

{column 1}
Giolla Cheallaigh, son of Comaltan, from whom are the O'Comaltains, son of Maolchulaird,
son of Maolfhabhaill,
son of Flann,
son of Edhin, a quo the O'h-Edhins,
son of Clereach, a quo the O'Clerighs,
{column 2}
son of Ceudadhach, a quo Ui Ceudaghaigh,
son of Cumasgach,
son of Cathmogh, a quo the O'Cathmoghas,
son of Torpa, &c.


[Pedigree of Mac Giolla Cheallaigh

{column 1}
Giolla na Naomh,
son of Giolla Cheallaigh,
son of Aedh,
{column 2}
son of Conchobhar,
son of Flann,


son of Giolla na Naomh,
son of Cugaela,
son of Giolla Cheallaigh, from whom the surname is called,
son of Comaltan,
son of Flann, i. e. Maelcearard,
son of Maelfabhaill,
son of Cleireach, from whom the
{column 2}
son of Ceadadhach,
son of Cumasgach,
son of Cathmogh,
son of Torptha,
son of Feargal,
son of Artgal,
son of Guaire Aidhne].

{column 1}
son of Lonan209,
son of Conmach,
son of Caithniadh,
son of Aodh,
{column 2}
son of Torpa,
son of Feargal,
son of Artgal,
son of Guaire Aidhne.

{column 1}
son of Flaithniadh,
son of Feargal,
{column 2}
son of Artgal,
son of Guaire Aidhne.

[When the English invasion210 [recte invaders], namely, the Burkes of the race of William the Conqueror211, prevailed over the race


of Eochaidh Breac, the son of Dathi, son of Fiachra, some of the latter scattered and dispersed themselves in various territories: Mac Giolla Cheallaigh went to Iorrus Iarthair212, and some of the O'Clerys into Tir Amhalgaidh mhic Fiachrach213, and others into Munster, where they dwelt in the vicinity of Kilkenny214; and others of them called Clann Cleirigh, went to Breifne Ui Raghallaigh215. There passed also, after some time, from Tir Amhalgaidh mhic Fiachrach into Cinel Conaill mhic Neill216, a wise man of the O'Clerys, whose


name was Cormac Mac Diarmaid O'Clery, and who was a learned proficient in the two laws, civil and canon217. The monks and ecclesiastics


of the abbey of St. Bernard, called the abbey of Eas Ruaidh218, loved him for his education and good morals, for his wisdom and intellect, and detained him among them for some time. He was at this time a young guest. O'Sgingin had been, for a long time before this period, the historical ollamh 219 to O'Donnell, the lord of Cinel Conaill, and he had first come into Cinell Conaill from Ard Carna220, in Magh luirg an Daghda221. Niall Garbh222, son of Aodh, son of Domhnall Og, was lord of the country when the Cormac we have mentioned came thither, and O'Sgingin, viz., Matthew, was at the time Ollamh to the Niall aforesaid. And there lived not of O'Sgingin's children, nor yet of his tribe in the country, but one fair daughter, and he joined her as wife to this Cormac, and what he asked as her dower223 was, that whatever male child should be first born to them should be sent to study and learn history, as all his race had become extinct in the territory except the daughter whom he wedded to him on that occasion. The other promised to comply with his request, and kept his promise indeed. A son was born of this Cormac and the daughter of O'Sgingin, named Giolla Bhrighde; and it was in commemoration and remembrance of Giolla Bhrighde O'Sgingin, the brother of his


mother (the intended ollamh of Cinel Conaill, who had died before this period, in the year of the age of our Lord 1382224), that the name Giolla Bhrighde was given to him. Son to this Giolla Bhrighde O'Clery was Giolla Riabhach; son to Giolla Riabhach was Diarmaid of the three schools, so called because he kept a school of literature, a school of history, and a school of poetry. It was to him that O'Donnell Niall225, the son of Toirdhealbhach an Fhiona, granted the lands called Craoibheach226 (on which he had his dwelling and residence for some time), in addition to the other lands which his (i. e. O'Donnell's) ancestors had previously granted to O'Sgingin — as he was a proficient227 in the science, which was hereditary to him, namely, history. Son to Diarmaid of the three schools was Tadhg Cam, who had the three celebrated sons, Tuathal, Giolla Riabhach, and Diarmaid, by whom the stone-houses were erected at Cill Barrainn228, for they and their ancestors were freeholders in Cill Barrainn from


the time of the Cormac we have above mentioned, the first who came to Cinel Conaill. They were also the freeholders of Ceathramh na Cuchtrach229, and of Ceathramh an Tighe Cloiche230, a part of the lands of the abbey of Eas Ruaidh. They had also, as a gift from O'Donnell, the quarter of Cill Domhnaigh231 and the quarter of Cuil Remuir232, and the quarter of Druim an Chroinn233, in the plain of Magh Ene.234

The sons of Tuathal, son of Tadhg Cam, son of Diarmaid of the three schools, were Tadhg Cam, Giolla Riabhach, Mathghamhain, and William. Tadhg Cam left no issue, except one daughter named Celia. Giolla Riabhach, the second son of Tuathal, had issue, Tuathal, Mathghamhain, and Cu-Mumhan. Mathghamhain, the son of Tuathal, had a son Diarmaid. This Diarmaid had a son Maolmuire, who was with O'Neill235 (Toirdhealbhach Luineach). William, son of Tuathal, son of Tadhg Cam, had four sons, Donnchadh, Conaire, Domhnall, and Conchobhar.

The sons of Giolla Riabhach, son of Tadhg Cam, son of Diarmaid of the three schools, were Domhnall and Maurice.

Diarmaid, son of Tadhg Cam, son of Diarmaid of the three schools,


had these sons, namely, Cucoigcriche, Giolla Brighde, Cormac, the friar of the order of St. Francis, and Muirgheas.

The sons of Cucoigcriche, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg Cam, were Maccon, Cosnamhach, Dubhthach, Tadhg, Cormac, and Maurice Ballach236. The sons of Giolla Brighde, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg Cam, son of Diarmaid of the three schools, were Fearfeasa, Aimirgin, and Maelmuire. The sons of Muirgheas, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg Cam, were Diarmaid and Cuchonnacht.

Of the race of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg Cam

Lughaidh237, Giolla-Brighde, Maccon Meirgeach, Cucoigcriche, and Duibhgeann,
{column 1}
sons of Maccon,
son of Cucoigcriche,
son of Diarmaid,
son of Tadhg Cam,
son of Diarmaid of the three schools.
{column 2}
son of Giolla Riabhach,
son of Giolla Brighde,
son of Cormac, the first man of this family who came to Cinel Conaill,


{column 1}
son of Diarmaid,
son of John Sgiamhach,
son of Domhnall,
son of Giolla Iosa,
son of Tadhg,
son of Muireadhach,
son of Tighearnach,
son of Giolla na Naomh,
son of Domhnall,
son of Eoghan,
son of Braon, who died in 1033,
son of Cugaela, 1025,
son of Giolla Cheallaigh, 1003,
son of Comhaltan, 976,
son of Maelcerarda, i. e. Flann, 950
son of Maolfabhaill, 887.
son of Cleireach, from whom the
{column 2}
family of O'Clery,
son of Ceadadhach,
son of Cumusgach,
son of Cathmogh,
son of Torpa,
son of Feargal,
son of Artgal,
son of Guaire Aidhne,
son of Colman,
son of Cobhthach,
son of Goibhnenn,
son of Conall,
son of Eoghan,
son of Eochaidh Breac,
son of Dathi,
son of Fiachra,
son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin.

{column 1}
Diarmaid and John,
sons of Cosnamhach,
son of Cu-coigcriche,
son of Diarmaid,
{column 2}
son of Tadhg Cam,
son of Diarmaid of the three schools.

{column 1}
Tadhg Cam, Flann, and Conchobhar,
sons of Dubhthach,
son of Cucoigcriche,
{column 2}
son of Diarmaid,
son of Tadhg Cam.

{column 1}
son of Fearfeasa,
son of Giolla Brighde,
son of Diarmaid,
{column 2}
son of Tadhg Cam,
son of Diarmaid of the three schools.


Of The Race of Tuathal

{column 1}
son of Tuathal,
son of Giolla Riabhach
son of Tuathal,
{column 2}
son of Tadhg Cam,
son of Diarmaid of the three schools.

{column 1}
son of Mathghamhain,
son of Giolla Riabhach,
{column 2}
son of Tuathal,
son of Tadhg Cam.

William, Conaire238, Maolmuire, i. e. Bernardin239, Tadhg of the mountain, i. e. Michael240; the two latter were friars of the order de Observantia
{column 1}
sons of Donnchadh,
son of William,
son of Tuathal,
{column 2}
son of Tadhg Cam,
son of Diarmaid of the three schools.

Of the Race of Giolla Riabhach

{column 1}
son of Cu-coigcriche,
son of Maurice,
son of Giolla Riabhach,
{column 2}
son of Tadhg Cam,
son of Diarmaid of the three schools.

{column 1}
son of Eolus,
son of Maurice,
{column 2}
son of Giolla Riabhach,
son of Tadhg Cam.


{column 1}
son of Domhnall,
son of Tadhg,
son of Maolmuire,
{column 2}
son of Giolla Riabhach,
son of Tadhg Cam.


Of the Muintir Cleirigh of Tir-Amhalgadha

{column 1}
John Sgiamhach, Daniel, Thomas, and Cormac, four sons of Domhnall,
son of Giolla Iosa,
son of Tadhg,
son of Muireadhach,
son of Tighearnach,
{column 2}
son of Giolla na Naomh,
son of Domhnall,
son of Eoghan,
son of Braen,
son of Cugaela, &c.

From John Sgiamhach are descended the family of O'Clery of Tir Conaill; from Daniel are the family of O'Clery of Tir Amhalgadha; from Thomas are the Clann Clery of Breifny O'Reilly; and from Cormac are the Muinter Clery of Cill Cainnigh242.

Of the Race of Daniel

{column 1}
son of Cormac,
son of Diarmaid,
son of Ruaidhri,
son of John,
son of Thomas,
son of Domhnall,
son of Daniel,
{column 2}
son of Domhnall,
son of Giolla Iosa,
son of Tadhg,
son of Muireadhach,
son of Tighearnach,
son of Giolla na Naomh, &c.


{column 1}
Thomas and Brian Og,
sons of Brian na Broige,
son of David Buidhe [the yellow],
son of Donnchadh,
{column 2}
son of Thomas,
son of Domhnall,
son of Daniel.

{column 1}
son of Edmond Cron,
son of Edmond Cron,
son of Cormac,
{column 2}
son of Thomas,
son of Domhnall,
son of Daniel.

{column 1}
son of Fear Dorcha,
son of Tuathal,
son of Donnchadh,
{column 2}
son of Thomas,
son of Domhnall,
son of Daniel.

{column 1}
son of Muircheartach,
son of John of Cladagh,
son of Brian,
{column 2}
son of Muircheartach,
son of Domhnall,
son of Daniel.

{column 1}
David Buidhe,
son of Thomas,
son of David Buidhe,
son of Diarmaid Glas,
{column 2}
son of Muircheartach,
son of Domhnall,
son of Daniel.

The following are the kings of the race of Fiachra Foltsnathach, who ruled Connaught and Ireland, viz., Dathi, son of Fiachra: he ruled the countries as far as the Alps, and he exacted the Borumean tribute thrice without a battle.

Olioll Molt, son of Dathi: he assumed the monarchy of Ireland, and exacted the Borumean tribute thrice without a battle. Some books state that Earc, the son of Oilioll Molt, assumed the monarchy of Ireland, and exacted the Borumha without a battle.


Amhalgaidh, son of Fiachra: he assumed the government of Connaught. Eoghan Beul, Ailill Ionbhanna, Aodh, and Crunmhaol assumed the kingship of Connaught and were resident in Ceara.

Colman, Guaire Aidhne, Muircheartach, and Laighnen, were four kings of Connaught who dwelt in Aidhne..

Oilioll, Cathal, Ionnrachtach, and Dunchadh were four kings of Connaught who dwelt in the plain of Muaidhe [the Moy]. To commemorate these kings the poet said:

    1. Fourteen kings of the race of Fiachra,
      Vigorous, successful were these kings,
      Both south and north of each country,
      Each tribe of them was with prosperity.
    2. Four kings of the province of Connaught
      Dwelt in great Aidhne, land of saints,
      Muircheartach, one of the perfect breed,
      Laighnen, Guaire, and Colman Caomh.
    3. Four Connaught kings dwelt in Ceara,
      Crunmaol and Aodh of weapons bright,
      And the noble pair Ailill and Eoghan,
      Of the tribe of mighty lions.
    4. Four kings of the Hy-Fiachrach Muaidhe,
      Dunchadh of Cruachan, of noble feats,
      Iondrachtach, who shunned not the battle,
      Oilill and Cathal Caomh.
    5. Of them four monarchs governed Erin; —
      Erin they exalted without a cloud, —
      Dathi and Oilill over Erin,
      Amhalgaidh and Earc of the noble lineage.
    6. The Book of the Tributes of the chiefs of Hy-Fiachrach,
      Are with me here one and all;


      I hear not so of any others like them,
      They are the bravest men that I have seen.
    7. Fourteen, &c.

Differently from this, however, speaks the historical poem243 beginning ‘Be it known to the historians of the men of Fail.’

    1. Thirteen kings of kingly prosperity,
      Of the generous race of Fiachra,
      Potent in their countries without thirst,
      Reigned in the same Cruachan in Connaught.
    2. Two Flaithri's, Feargal, it is known,
      Guaire, Colman with worthiness;
      As a lion was each king with his spear,
      Dathi, Eoghan, and Oilill.
    3. Amhalgaidh, Iondrachtach the noble,
      Donncathadh, Oilill Ionmar,
      Dunchadh without treachery, without guile,
      It is not by me they are not fully remembered.
These kings will be more distinctly found in p. 298.244

It was by Dathi, the son of Fiachra and his brothers, that Brian, the son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, was slain in the battle of Damh-chluain245; and it was in eric [reparation] for it that the land of Clann Mec n-Earca was forfeited, except a small portion; and it was in Tulach Domhnann246 he was interred, as stated in page 247.


Genealogy of the Hy-Fiachrach of the Moy

The mother of Fiachra Ealgach, the son of Dathi, was Ruadh, the daughter of Airtech Uichtleathan, who died at his birth. From her is named Mullach Ruadha247, in Tir Fiachrach of the Moy, from her being buried in the top of that hill; and over her is the carn of stones which is on the top of the hill. Tulach na molt was its name before that time, from the circumstance that the mother of Oilioll Molt, while he was in her womb, took a desire for wethermutton, and all the wethers procured for the queen were brought to this hill, whence it was called Tulach na molt [i. e. the hill of the wethers248]. Tulach na Maoile [i. e. the hill of Maol] had been its previous name, from the rest which Maol-Flidhisi took upon it during the excursion of Tain Bo Flidhisi [while Fergus249 and Domhnall Dual-bhuidhe250 were engaged at single combat, — in which combat Domhnall was slain, — while the Gamanradii were in pursuit of the men of Erin here after the cattle spoil. Whence the hill was called Tulach na Maili; and it was from this Fiachra, the


son of Dathi, that Tir-Fiachrach251 was named. Cnoc na n-Druadh was another name for this hill, because the Druids of Dathi, King of Erin were used to be on it obtaining knowledge 252, for it was here they predicted to Dathi that he would attain to the kingdom of Erin, Alba, &c. This authority states that the same Ruadh was the mother of Oilioll Molt, the son of Dathi; but Doctor Keating253 says that Eithne, the daughter of Orach, the [second] wife of Dathi, was the mother of Oilioll Molt; that the first wife of Dathi was Fial, daughter of Eochaidh, from whom Cruachan Fele is called; and that Dathi's third wife, Ruadh, the daughter of Airtheach Uichtleathan, son of Ferconga, was the mother of Fiachra Ealgach, from whom Tir Fiachrach of the Moy is named.

Fiachra Ealgach, the son of Dathi (from whom are the Hy-Fiachrach of the Moy), had two sons, namely, Amhalgaidh, from whom Inis Amhalgaidh, an island in Loch Con254, is named, for it was on it he was born; and Maoldubh, from whom is called Dun Maoilduibh255, at Iasgach [Easkey], the place where he was born and bred.

Amhalgaidh, the son of Fiachra Ealgach, had a large family, namely, Cairpre, Learghus, Fergus, Eochaidh, Fedhlimidh, Eunda, Eoghan Fionn, Trea, Aongus, a quo the Ui Aonghusa, Ronan, from whom are


the Ui Ronain, i. e. the chiefs of Magh Bron256, and Cuilen, from whom are the Ui Cuilen of Ath Fen257.

It was Amhalgaidh, the son of Fiachra Ealgach, that raised Carn Amhalgaidh258 to serve as a place of fairs and great meetings; and it was in it Amhalgaidh himself was interred, and from him the Carn was called Carn Amhalgaidh, so that it is on that Carn every man of the race of Fiachra Ealgach, that assumes the chieftainship, is inaugurated.

From Amhalgaidh, the son of Fiachra Ealgach, the son of Dathi, of whom we have just spoken, or Amhalgaidh, the son of Dathi himself, whom we left in Bregia, I find no descendants except the Clann-Firbis, who descend from either of them, as I shall set down here from the Books of the Clann Firbis themselves.


Pedigree of the Clann Firbis of Lecan

Dubhaltach Og (i. e. myself,260 the compiler and writer of this book in this year of the age of Christ, 1666), Patrick, Diarmaid, and James,
{column 1}
sons of Giolla Iosa Mor,
son of Dubhaltach Mac Firbis,
son of Diarmaid Caoch,
son of James Mac Firbis,
son of Donnchadh Mor,
{column 2}
son of Ferbisigh,
son of John Og,
son of John Carrach,
son of Ferbisigh,
son of Giolla na Naomh,


{column 1}
son of Domhnall of the school,
son of Amhlaoibh,
son of John,
son of Donnchadh,
son of Giolla Phadraig, by whom St. Tighearnan of Errew was fostered,
son of Ferbisigh, a quo Clann Firbisigh,
son of Domhnall Og,
son of Domhnall Mor,
{column 2}
son of Aongus,
son of Lochlainn of Loch Con,
son of John,
son of Conchobhar na Conairte [i. e. of the pack of hounds],
son of Enna,
son of Conaing,
son of Muireadhach,
son of Feargus,
son of Amhalgaidh,
son of Dathi.

I know not but Fiachra Ealgach should come between Dathi and Amhalgaidh, because the land in which Amhalgaidh, the son of Fiachra Ealgach was born, and in which he dwelt, was the first patrimonial inheritance of the Clann Firbis, as we have already mentioned, and as we shall mention again when treating of the inheritors.

Gregory, Andreas, and Thomas Og,
{column 1}
sons of Thomas Cam,
son of Dubhaltach,
{column 2}
son of James,
son of Diarmaid Caoch.

{column 1}
son of James Og,
son of Dubhaltach,
{column 2}
son of James.

Fitheal, Torna, and Maolmuire, who all died without issue, were the three elder sons of Dubhaltach, son of James.

Brian Dorcha, a learned historian, who died without issue, was the second son of James, the son of Diarmaid Caoch.

{column 1}
Fearfeasa, Aodh, Maolmuire, and Diarmaid,
sons of Ciothruadh Og, who had a brother Fearbisigh,
son of Fearfeasa, whose brothers were Diarmaid Caoch, and
{column 2}
Aodh Buidhe,
son of Ciothruadh,
son of Diarmaid Caoch,
son of Donnchadh Mor.


{column 1}
James and Torna,
sons of Feardorcha,
son of Torna, brother of Cuchon261, [...]
{column 2}
son of Diarmaid Caoch,
son of Donnchadh Mor.

The Race of William, son of Donnchadh Mor Mac Firbis

{column 1}
Donnchadh, Maolmuire, and Lughaidh,
three sons of Geanann, whose brother was Forannan,
son of Fercertne, whose brothers were Maolmuire and Fearbisigh,
{column 2}
son of John Og (whose brother was Giolla Iosa and Donnchadh Og, who died issueless),
son of William,
on of Donnchadh Mor.

{column 1}
Fionduine Og,
son of Fionduine,
son of Giolla Iosa,
{column 2}
son of William,
on of Donnchadh Mor.

{column 1}
William Og, or Beg, and John Og,
sons of John Og,
son of Giolla Iosa,
{column 2}
son of William,
son of Donnchadh Mor.

{column 1}
Donnchadh Og, who died without issue,
son of William,
{column 2}
son of Donnchadh Mor.

{column 1}
Brian Dorcha, John Og, James, Aodh, Tadhg Ruadh, Edmond Buidhe, and Maolmuire, sons of Aodh Og,
son of Ciothruadh,
son of Tadhg Ruadh,
son of Fearbisigh,
son of Thomas Cam,
son of Giolla Iosa Mor,
{column 2}
son of Donnchadh,
son of Giolla Iosa Mor, who was sixty years teaching school,
son of Fearbisigh,
son of Muircheartach,
son of John.


[It is said262 the Clann Firbis of Lecan Mac Firbis in Hy-Fiachrach and Hy-Amhalgaidh, have the same surname with the two aristocratic families of Forbes of Drominoir, in Scotland, or wherever else they are to be found as Scotchmen, in the three kingdoms; as also with the Cruces, formerly of Fingal, having, in the course of the intermixtures and migrations of the Gaels from one country to another, become English, as many other tribes have become, according to the prophets, who foretold that the Galls would be Gaels, and the Gaels would be Galls].

Maoldubh, son of Fiachra Ealgach, had three sons, namely, Cobhthach, Temen, and Tiobraide.

Cobhthach, the son of Maoldubh, had one son, namely, Maolduin, from whom are descended the families of O'Maoilduin263, with their correlatives, namely, Mac Giolla na n-each264, Mac Giolla-duibh265 of Corcach, O'Duibhscuile266, and O'h-Almhec267.

From Temen, the son of Maoldubh, are descended the Clanna Temin, namely, the families of O'Muirgheasa268, O'Maonaigh269, Mac Giolla Riabhach270, O'h-Aodha271, and O'Donnchadha272.

{column 1}
Caomhan and Dubhda,
sons of Conmhach,
son of Donncatha,
son of Cathal,
son of Ailell,
{column 2}
son of Dunchadh,
son of Tiobraide,
son of Maoldubh.


Caomhan was older than Dubhda, and Caomhan thought that the chieftainship was his own; but God did not permit that kings should be of his posterity; and they came to the following agreement273 about the chieftainship, namely, that Caomhan's274 representative should always possess his choice territory in the principality, and the privilege of being at the right side of the king of Hy-Fiachrach; that he should get the king's steed and battle-dress at the time of his inauguration, and should walk round him thrice after his instalment. And the territory he selected was that extending from Tuaim da Bhodhar275 to the River Gleoir276. The steed, battle-dress, and raiment of O'Caomhain to be given to Mac Firbis, the day that Mac Firbis shall give the name of lord to O'Dubhda.

Caomhan, from whom the family of O'Caomhain is descended, had one son, namely, Cathal.


Pedigree of O'Caomhain

David277 and Domhnall,
{column 1}
sons of Aodh,
son of David,
son of Thomas,
son of Giolla na Naomh,
son of Domhnall,
son of David,
son of Diarmaid,
son of Thomas,
son of Domhnall,
son of Thomas,
son of Giolla na Naomh,
{column 2}
son of Diarmaid,
son of Domhnall,
son of Cathal,
son of Giolla na Naomh,
son of Diarmaid,
son of Cathal,
son of Caomhan, from whom the family of O'Caomhain,
son of Connmhach,
son of Donncatha.

Tomaltach, Maghnus, Donnchadh, Aodh Fionn, and John, five sons of David, son of that Aodh.

Thomas Og, Tomaltach, Niall, and Cathal Riabhach, were the sons of Thomas Mor, son of David, son of Giolla na Naomh Mor.


The Family of O'Dubhda down here

Dubhda (son of Connmhach) had a son, Ceallach, the father of Aodh, who was father of Maolruanaidh, the father of Maoileachlainn,


father of Niall, father of Taithleach and Niall, from whom the Clann Neill; and these were they who usurped the inheritance of the O'Caomhains, on account of which mutual slaughters were committed, viz., David and Domhnall O'Caomhain were slain by Niall, son of Aodh, son of Niall; and Niall himself was slain to avenge his brother by Muircheartach Fionn O'Caomhain, who assumed the chieftainship himself.279

From Taithleach, the second son of Niall, son of Maoileachlainn, the chiefs of the O'Dowd family are descended, viz., Muircheartach (son of Aodh, son of Taithleach), father of Aodh, father of Taithleach, of Brian Dearg (from whom are the Clann Taithligh Oig), and of Muircheartach.

Maolruanaidh280 (son of Aodh, son of Ceallach, son of Dubhda) had two sons, namely, Domhnall, from whom sprang the Clann Domhnaill, of Loch Con. This is the Domhnall281 who was slain by the O'Gaibhtheachains [O'Gaughans], at Bearna Domhnaill, in Magh Eleog282.

From Maoileachlainn283, the second son of Maolruanaidh, the chiefs are descended.

Of the sons of Domhnall, son of Maolruanaidh, was Cathbharr,


the father of Domhnall Fionn284 (who had no issue except a daughter), and of Aodh, father of Taithleach285 (King of Hy-Amhalgaidh and Hy-Fiachrach), and of Cosnamhach Mor286, the only fighter of an hundred that came in latter times, and who was treacherously slain by O'Gloinin in his own house at Inis Cua287, on account of a dispute about a greyhound whelp.

Taithleach, son of Aodh, had two sons, namely, Aodh and Amhlaoibh.

Donnchadh Mor288, son of Aodh (son of Taithleach, son of Aodh, son of Muircheartach, son of Aodh, son of Taithleach, son of Niall), had three sons, namely, Brian289, Maolruanaidh290, and Muircheartach291, from whom the Clann Conchobhar are sprung.

Maolruanaidh, the son of Donnchadh Mor, had two sons, namely, Taithleach292 and Cosnamhuigh, i. e. Archdeacon of Tuaim da Ghualann, and presumptive Archbishop.

Taithleach, the son of Maolruanaidh, had three sons, namely, Brian O'Dubhda293, King of the Hy-Fiachrach and the Hy-Amhalgaidh,


and Donnchadh Mor O'Dubhda294, heir apparent of Hy-Fiachrach. Slaine, daughter of Mac Maghnus, of Tir Tuathail295 was the mother of both. Maoileachlainn Carrach296, the other son, was the father of Conchobhar, who was father of Muircheartach, the father of Diarmaid and Maolruanaidh.

Donnchadh Mor, son of Taithleach O'Dubhda, had three sons, namely, Donnchadh Og297, heir apparent to the chieftainship of the Hy-Fiachrach; Conchobhar,298 and William, Bishop of Killala299. The daughter of O'Flynn was the mother of these sons of Donnchadh Mor.

Connchobhar, the son of Donnchadh, left no issue, except daughters.

William, the bishop, had two sons, namely, Cosnamhaigh300, who was slain in the battle of the Strand, and William Og; both died without issue.

Donnchadh Og, the son of Donnchadh Mor, had a large family, namely, Muircheartach Cleireach301, designated king and bishop, for


his hospitality and valour; Taithleach302; Aodh, of Corran; Lochlainn; Brian Cleireach, and Cormac. Honora, the daughter of Rickin Barrett, was the mother of all these.

Muircheartach, the son of Donnchadh Mor, had a large family, namely, Domhnall, Cathal, Conchobhar303, and Cosnamhaigh, whose mother was Dearbhail, the daughter of Flaithbheartach O'Rourke; and Donnchadh304, another son of his, whose mother was Dearbhail, the daughter of Tadhg Mac Donogh. William Mac Muircheartaigh was another son of his.

Brian, the son of Taithleach305 O'Dowd, had a large family, namely, Domhnall Cleireach306, King of Hy-Fiachrach; Maolruanaidh307; Maghnus Cleireach308. Barrdubh, the daughter of Domhnall O'Conor, was their mother. His other sons were Diarmaid and Aodh, whose mother was the daughter of Roibin Laighleis [Robin Lawless], and Cosnamhaigh, Niall, Taithleach, and Brian Og309, whose mother was Honora, the daughter of Mac Wattin Barrett.

Maolruanaidh, son of Brian, had one son, namely, Taithleach, father of William and of Brian.

Aodh, son of Brian, had good sons, namely, Brian and Diarmaid


(Meadhbh, the daughter of Domhnall Ruadh O'Maille, was the mother of both). Muircheartach, Lochlainn, and Taithleach were his other sons. From this Lochlainn are the Sliocht Lochlainn of Bun Finne310, whose inheritance consists of eight quarters of land. The most distinguished of this sept are Brian, Fedhlim, William, and Eoghan, the sons of Ruaidhri, son of Eoghan of Ceathramha Lochain311.

Domhnall Cleireach, the son of Brian O'Dubhda, had a large family, namely, Ruaidhri312, King of Hy-Fiachrach, Eoghan, Maghnus, Maoileachlainn, heir apparent of Hy-Fiachrach, Tadhg Riabhach313 (Fionnghuala, the daughter of Domhnall Ruadh O'Maille, was the mother of these sons); John and Domhnall (Teamhair, the daughter of O'Muirgheasa, was their mother); Donnchadh, Diarmaid314, Domhnall, and Aodh (Fionnghuala, daughter of Maghnus, son of Cathal O'Conor, was their mother). He had another son, Eoghan315 (the daughter of O'Cathain was his mother).

Tadhg Riabhach had good sons, namely, Brian, Donnchadh Ulltach316 (Eudoin, daughter of Domhnall, son of Muircheartach O'Conor, was their mother); Tadhg Buidhe317, John (Margaret,


daughter of William, son of Sir Redmond Burke, was their mother). His other sons were another John, Niall, Domhnall, Aodh, and Taithleach. Though this family, and those who branched off from them, were once great at Ard na Riagh318, Esgir Abhann319, Baile Ui Mhochaine320, Baile an Chaislen321, and Longphort Ui Dhubhda322, not one of their descendants are now living in Tir Fhiachrach [Tireragh].

The aforesaid towns were the castle-towns of the race of Tadhg Buidhe, son of Tadhg Riabhach. It was the English that erected all the bawn of the Longphort [Longford], except Leabha an Eich Bhuidhe323 which was erected by Sen Bhrian [O' Dowd]. Donnchadh, the son of Tadhg Riabhach, erected Baile an Chaislen [Castletown]. Esgir Abhann was erected by the Albanach Mor324 [Big Scotchman], the foster-father of Tadhg Buidhe, son of Tadhg Riabhach. Baile Ui Mhochaine [Ballymoghany] was erected by Tadhg Riabhach himself.


Baile Aird na Riagh [Ardnarea] was built by the English. These towns, and many others, were on the territorial division of Tadhg Buidhe.

This Tadhg had these sons, following, viz., Maghnus, Fedhlim, John Glas, Eoghan, Aodh, Conchobhar, and Donnchadh. John Glas, Eoghan, Conchobhar, and Donnchadh fell in defending their native territory. Maghnus and Fedhlim went to the Clann-William [Burkes]; and Aodh, from the relationship of his grandmother to the family of O'Maille, repaired to Umhall Ui Mhaille, and remained there for three quarters of a year, committing vengeful aggressions by land and sea upon the race of Ruaidhri, son of Domhnall Cleireach, until at length it repented him of what he had committed against God; for which reason, and by the advice of a certain pious anchorite, he betook himself to the protection of the English, to seek repose and the will of God; and where he dwelt was at a place three miles to the east of Droichead Atha325, where a son was born to him whose


name was Aodh Og. Three years after this Aodh Mor died, and left his son with a rich farmer of the family of O'Quin, who reared him honourably, and gave him his sister in marriage, and she brought forth for him three sons, namely, John, Thomas, and Henry, besides daughters. After the death of this wife he married the daughter of Bhaliseach326 of Oldbridge, and she brought forth a son for him, namely, George, the father of William, Giolla-Patrick, John327, Edward, Thomas, Richard, and Francis. These are the genealogical ramifications of the family of O'Dubhda,who are now in Ath Cliath328 Duibhlinne [Dublin].

It is the general tradition, and it is written in the Books of the Clann Firbis, that Dowdall, with his correlative kindred, is of the family of O'Dubhda, and that the period at which he left Tir Fiachrach was the time of the killing of Taithleach of the Moy O'Dubhda, by the English, Anno Domini [1282]; so that they were called Dowdalls by the English, as their own history relates329, which would be tedious to be given here.


Domhnall Og, son of Domhnall Cleireach, had issue, namely, Ruaidhri, Diarmaid, and Edmond.

Ruaidhri, son of Domhnall Cleireach, had issue, namely, Maolruanaidh330, Conchobhar, Maghnus Cleireach (Eileog, daughter of John Mac Costello, was their mother), Muircheartach, Eoghan, and William331, (Anabla, daughter of Sir Redmond Burke, was their mother).

Cosnamhaigh, son of Brian, son of Taithleach O'Dowd, had issue, namely, Brian332, Aodh, Muircheartach, John, and Edmond333.

Maolruanaidh, son of Ruaidhri, had issue, namely, Diarmaid, Domhnall Ballach334, Maoileachlainn, ancl Muircheartach Caoch, who died without issue; and a second, Maoileachlainn.

Eoghan335, Fearadhach, Ruaidhri, Cormac the friar, Cathal Dubh336, Dathi, John Glas, and Brian, were the sons of Conchobhar, son of Diarmaid, son of Maolruanaidh.

Fearadhach had a son Domhnall, father of Eoghan who died issueless.

Ruaidhri, son of Conchobhar, had a son Diarmaid, the father of Ruaidhri, Fearadhach, Domhnall, Conchobhar, and John Glas.

Dathi, son of Conchobhar, had issue, namely, Fearadhach, Donncatha, Cathaoir, Cormac, Fiachra, and Amhalgaidh of the River Daoil.


John Glas, son of Conchobhar, had two sons, namely, Cormac and Brian.

Eoghan, son of Conchobhar, had issue, Tadhg Riabhach337, Edmond, Ceallach, and Conchobhar, the father of Tadhg Riabhach, who was the father of Eoghan and Edmond.

Tadhg Riabhach, the son of Eoghan, had issue, namely, Dathi338, Tadhg Buidhe339, Fearadhach (father of Cathal Dubh, a friar), Domhnall, Maolruanaidh, who died without issue, Eoghan, and John Og, father of Tadhg Riabhach and Donnchadh.

[Dathi Og340 O'Dubhda, now living, 1666,
{column 1}
son of James,
son of Dathi,
son of Dathi,
son of Tadhg Riabhach, son of Eoghan, i. e. the O'Dubhda,
son of Conchobhar,
son of Diarmaid,
son of Maolruanaidh,
son of Ruaidhri, i. e. the O'Dubhda,
son of Domhnall Clereach, i. e. the O'Dubhda,
son of Sen Brian, i. e. the O'Dubhda,
son of Taithleach of the Moy,
son of Maolruanaidh,
son of Donnchadh,
son of Aodh,
{column 2}
son of Taithleach,
son of Aodh,
son of Taithleach,
son of Aodh,
son of Muirchertach,
son of Aodh,
son of Taithleach,
son of Niall,
son of Maoileachlainn,
son of Maolruanaidh,
son of Aodh,
son of Ceallach,
son of Dubhda, from whom the tribe,
son of Connmhach,
son of Donncatha,


{column 1}
son of Cathal,
son of Oilioll,
son of Dunchadh,
son of Tiobraide,
son of Maolduin, i. e. Maoldubh,
{column 2}
son of Fiachra Ealgach,
son of Dathi, King of Ireland,
son of Fiachra,
son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin,
King of Ireland].

{column 1}
William Og, Christopher, Dathi, and Fiachra, are the
sons of William,
son of Dathi,
{column 2}
son of Tadhg Riabhach, &c.

{column 1}
Maolruanaidh and Tadhg Buidhe, a friar,
sons of Tadhg Buidhe,
{column 2}
son of Tadhg Riabhach, &c.

{column 1}
Tadhg Riabhach, Fearadhach, and Ruaidhri,
sons of Domhnall,
son of Tadhg Riabhach,
{column 2}
son of Eoghan.

{column 1}
Cathal Dubh, i. e. the O'Dubhda,
son of Edmond,
son of Eoghan,
{column 2}
son of Conchobhar.

{column 1}
son of Brian,
son of Ceallach,
{column 2}
son of Eoghan,
son of Conchobhar.

The Race of Ruaidhri, son of Conchobhar

{column 1}
son of Dathi,
son of Ruaidhri,
son of Diarmaid,
son of Ruaidhri,
son of Conchobhar,
{column 2}
son of Diarmaid,
son of Maolruanaidh,
son of Ruaidhri,
son of Domhnall Clereach.


{column 1}
son of Cathaoir,
son of Fearadhach,
son of Diarmaid,
{column 2}
son of Ruaidhri,
son of Conchobhar.

{column 1}
Domhnall Og and Eoghan, two sons of Domhnall, i. e. the O'Dubhda,
son of Diarmaid,
{column 2}
son of Ruaidhri,
son of Conchobhar.

The Race of John Glas, son of Conchobhar

John Glas, Dathi, Diarmaid (the father of Tadhg); Maoileachlainn Caoch, Eoghan, Charles (father of Patrick, and of Donnchadh a friar); Fiachra (father of Thomas); and John (father of Diarmaid), were
{column 1}
sons of Brian,
son of John Glas,
{column 2}
son of Conchobhar,
son of Diarmaid.

{column 1}
Brian and Eoghan,
sons of John Glas,
son of Brian,
{column 2}
son of John Glas.

{column 1}
Cormac, Eoghan, and Domhnall Og,
sons of Domhnall,
son of Cormac,
{column 2}
son of John Glas
son of Conchobhar.


Of Dun Neill

William Og, Eoghan Carrach, who was slain at Cnoc na n-os342, and Domhnall Ballach, three
{column 1}
sons of Fedhlim,
son of Edmond Buidhe,
{column 2}
son of William Og,
son of Domhnall Ballach,


{column 1}
son of Maolruanaidh,
son of Ruaidhri,
{column 2}
son of Domhnall Clereach.

{column 1}
son of William Caoch,
son of Calbhach,
son of Tadhg,
son of Brian,
{column 2}
son of Diarmaid,
son of Maolruanaidh,
son of Ruaidhri,
son of Domhnall Clereach.

The Race of Cosnamhach here

Ruaidhri, William Ballach, and Felim,
{column 1}
sons of Cosnamhach,
son of John,
son of Felim,
{column 2}
son of Aodh,
son of Cosnamhach,
son of Sen Brian.

The Clann Taithligh here

{column 1}
Corc, Taithleach, and John, three sons of Ruaidhri,
son of Conchobhar,
son of Taithleach Og,
son of Muircheartach na Fuineoige,
son of Taithleach,
son of Aodh Alainn,
{column 2}
son of Maoileachlainn,
son of Brian Dearg,
son of Aodh, in whom they and the chiefs meet,
son of Niall,
son of Maoileachlainn.

{column 1}
Muircheartach Leghinn,
son of Maolruanaidh,
son of Conchobhar Déseach,
son of Aodh Alainn,
son of Maoileachlainn,
{column 2}
son of Brian Dearg, who was drowned on his way from Rome after his pilgrimage.


Misdel [Mitchel], from whom the Clann Misdel and the family of Mac Finn O'Dubhda, with their correlatives,
{column 1}
son of Maolruanaidh,
son of Conchobhar Deseach,
{column 2}
son of Aodh Alainn.

Domhnall, prior of Eachros343,
{column 1}
son of Tadhg,
son of Domhnall,
{column 2}
son of Aodh,
son of Muircheartach na Fuinneoige.

Aodh Ruadh, Diarmaid, and Taithleach, three sons of Conchobhar,
{column 1}
son of Taithleach,
son of Conchobhar Conallach,
son of Taithleach,
son of Donnchadh Mor,
{column 2}
son of Aodh,
son of Taithleach,
son of Aodh,
son of Muircheartach.

Thomas and Maoileachlainn Mor,
{column 1}
sons of Aodh,
{column 2}
son of Conchobhar Conallach.

Ruaidhri Mor,
{column 1}
son of Taithleach,
{column 2}
son of Conchobhar Conallach.

The privileges of the race of Caomhan, the son of Connmhach, according to the ancient literati, which were obtained by Aodh, son of Cathal O'Caomhain344 from Ceallach, the son of Dubhda, and from Aodh, son of Ceallach345, as a compensation and consideration of kindred,


after he [i. e. Aodh O'Caomhain] had been cursed by Gerald, the Saxon saint (according to the Dumb Book of James Mac Firbis), with his three hundred saints, in consequence of the wife of O'Caomhain346, who turned him, late in the evening, out of the door of Caomhan's fort (which is called Cathair mhor); so that St. Gerald cursed Caomhan and his seed, and prayed that there should not be a king of his race for ever. When Aodh heard this, he became sorrowful for the curse pronounced against his grandfather by the angry saint, in consequence of the misconduct of the malicious woman, who had issue; so that he went to where St. Gerald was to appease him; and though he did appease him, it was of no avail to Aodh, for Gerald did not consent to make peace with any one descended from the woman who had insulted him, but he consented that the chieftainship of the O'Caomhains should be transferred to the race of Diarmaid, son of Cathal, son of Caomhan347, that is, to the


son of the handmaid of the denounced woman, but that none of his race should ever expect to be kings of all the Hy-Fiachrach. And the compensations they obtained for this transfer of the lordship were the following, viz., a tuath of every territory which their reigning relative possessed from the river Rodhba348, to the river Codhnach349, and the privilege of first sitting in the drinking house, and of arraying the battle; that O'Dubhda is to stand up before him whenever he meets him, or wherever he may be; that O'Caomhain is to take the first drink and bath; and that whoever takes his first arms350 in his territory, he should take them from the descendants of Diarmaid, son of Cathal, son of Caomhan; also that they should get the Luach leasa of every


king's daughter and the steed and battle-dress of every king among them for ever, after his being inaugurated; and that the like should be given by them to the Ollamh, that is, to Mac Firbis.

Or, if we believe others, it was St. Gerald that baptized Dubhda351, from whom the chiefs are descended, and it was Caomhan himself that obtained these privileges, together with many others (as we have stated in the genealogy), from Dubhda, in consideration of the chieftainship.




Hereditary Proprietors of the Clann Fiachrach

Of the Men of Ceara here

Three triocha cheud353 of Ceara; there were three kings over it, namely, O'Muireadhaigh, O'Gormog, and O'Tighernaigh. Its full extent354 is from the Rodhba355 to Rathain356, and from Fionnghlais357 to Maiteog358 of Achadh Gabhair359, as the rann states:

    1. From Rodhba to Rathain the red
      Is the country of Ceara, which the hosts defend,


      From Fionnghlais, which the hounds frequent,
      To Maiteog of Achadh gabhair.

The chieftainship of O'h-Uada and O'Cinnchnamha from Maiteog to Callainn, and from Bunreamhar360 to Abhainn na Mallachtan361.


The tuath of Partraighe362 extends from Ath na Mallachtan363 to Glaisi Guirt na Lainne364, and from Caol365 to Fal366. And O'Gairmiallaigh was its king and O'Dorchaidhe its toparch; or, it was the lordship of O'Dorchaidhe alone, according to the book of James and Giolla Iosa Mac Firbis.

O'Banan of Baile Ui Bhanan367, and Magilin of Muine368, i. e. two Mac Oglaoichs369.

The tuath of Magh na Bethighe370 extends from Callainn371 to Uluidh Caolainn372, that is, the seven ballys of Lughortan, the estate of Mac an Bhainbh.


O'h-Aodha of Baile Craoibhe, i. e. Baile an Tobair.

The estate of O'h-Uathmharain, i. e. Baile Cagail.

The estate of O'Learghusa, i. e. Baile Cille Buainne373.

The chief seats of Ceara are Feart Lothair, Loch m-Buadhaigh, and Aonach.

The tuath of Magh Fhiondalbha, containing fifteen townlands, is the estate of O'Cearnaigh. It extends374 from Crannan Tornaighe (or Ran Tornaighe) to Caisiol Cairpre.

The estate of O'h-Edhneachain, i. e. the three townlands of Magh na Cnocaighe, and the three townlands of Baile Riagain375, viz., Baile an Chriochain Bhuidhe376, Baile an Smotain377, and Baile na Greallcha378; and the three townlands of Fiodh Cruaiche379, viz., Baile Ui Ruairc380 and Baile na Leargan Moire.

The estate of O'Ciaragain, the townland of Bel na Lece381.

The estate of O'Coigligh, i. e. Baile Carnan Tornaidhe382, or Ran Tornaidh.

The estate of Mac Giolla Fhaolain, i. e. the townland of Magh Roisen383.


The estate of O'Cuachain is Baile Lis Aiche384, which is called Baile an Regles385.

The estate of O'Maolraite is Oireamh, and Braonros, Iomaire, and Cul an Daingin.

The estate of O'Faghartaigh, the three townlands of Tulach Spealan.

The estate of O'Brogain, Tulach Spealain.

The lordship of O'Cearnaigh also comprised the twenty-four townlands of the Termon of Balla.

The estate of O'Caomhain, in Ceara386, comprised the seven townlands of Ros Laogh387, i. e. the tract extending from Cluain Lis Nellin388 to Beul Atha na Lub389 and from Beul Atha na g-Carr390 to Muilenn Tiormain391, which estate was obtained by Caomhan, son of Connmhach from Dubhda, his own brother, and by Aodh O'Caomhain from Aodh, son of Ceallach O'Dubhda, King of Hy-Fiachrach, for there was found no district without its hereditary proprietor of the race of Earc Culbhuidhe, except this well known Attacottic district392, named Tuath


Ruisen393; so that it has been the hereditary patrimony of the family of O'Caomhain ever since, besides many other districts.

The lordship of O'Ruaidhin extends from Beul Atha na Lub to the causeway of Cillin na n-Garg394, and of his tribe is the family of O'Culachain395.

The lordship of O'Birn extends from the causeway of Cillin na n-Garg to Beul Atha na Sesidh, Roibin Beag being on the east side; and from Sighin Ciarain to Tobar Lughna.

The lordship of O'Goirmghiolla extends from Tobar Lughna to the ford of Caol Patraighe, and from the Rodhba to Raithleann. It contains seven townlands and a half.

The three townlands of Criathach are the estate of O'Maoilcana, and of the family of Mac Giolla Bhuidhe of Cillin na m-Buidhean, in Criathrach.

So far the hereditary proprietors of Ceara. Giolla an Ghoill Mac Neill was the last King of the Gaels, who possessed Ceara: he was cotemporary with Taithleach Mor (son of Aodh O'Dubhda), who took possession of the country extending from the River Rodhba to the Codhnach, and was interred at Baile Tobair Padraig396. [And the person who was bishop397 in the time of these kings was Mael Isa Mag Mailin].


Clann Cuain down here.

The Clann Cuain are the next to the men of Ceara in point of genealogical relationship398, for they are both of the race of Earc Culbuidhe, the son of Fiachra.

O'Cuinn, O'Maoilfhiona, and Mag Fhlannagain were the three chiefs of Clann Cuain. They are otherwise called Fir Thire, and also Fir Siuire, from a river of the name Siuir399, which flows by the town, at this day called Caislen an Bharraigh400.

Cuan (son of Eochaidh, son of Flann, son of Fearadhach, son of Ros Doimtheach, son of Maine Muinbreac, son of Earc Culbhuidhe, son of Fiachra) is the ancestor of the Clann Cuain with their correlatives, as the rann says:

    1. Cuan Mor, son of the generous Eochaidh,
      From him are the Clann Cuain of smooth mounds,
      And the Fir Thire of tribes,
      A people without fault in faith.


The cause of the separation of the Clann Cuain and the Fir Thire from the Clann Fiachrach, was this: Ruaidhri Mear401, the son of Taithleach, son of Niall O'Dubhda, a king who had possession of the country extending from the Rodhba to the Codhnach, went on a regal visitation to the house of Domhnall O'Cuinn, chief of Clann Cuain; and it happened that O'Cuinn had at that time a beautiful marriageable daughter, and O'Dubhda did not content himself without getting her by force that night, so that O'Cuinn slew him treacherously on the next day, and went himself under the protection of the Clann Maoilruanaidh, viz., of Tomaltach Mor Mac Dermot402, and they [the Clann Cuain] gave themselves and their patrimonial inheritance up to them, which continues so from that to the present day.

These are called Fir Thire upper, and Fir Siuire abhus (citra) from the river, as we have said before.


The Territorial Distribution of Hy-Amhalgaidh and Hy-Fiachrach here; with their Hereditary Proprietors.

In Iorrus first the first estate is bestowed.

O'Caithniadh was the chief of Iorrus, and O'Ceallachain the


toiseach of Iorrus. The Brughaidhs of Iorrus were the families of Mac Coinin, O'Conboirne, O'Muimhneachain, O'Gearadhain, and Mag Fhionain.

The hereditary proprietors of Dun Fine were the families of O'Cuinn, Mag Odhrain, O'Comhdhain, O'Duibhlearga, O'Bearga, O'Blighe, O'Duanmaighe, O'Radubhain of Baile an Ghleanna, Mac Conletreach of Baile Mec Conletreach, O'Conghaile and O'Cathasaigh, airchinnechs of Cill Ardubh. The chief of the Lagan was O'Muireadhaigh; O'Fionnagain of Fionnchalamh405.


The Tribes of Breudach [etc.] here.

O'Toghdha was chief of Breadach; O'Luachain, in the western side of Breudach, and also O'Gilin; O'Gloinin of Rath na n-Goirmghiall; O'Gaibhtheachain and O'Maoilfhiona, were the two chiefs of Calraighe; O'Flainn, brughaidh of Magh h-Eleag; O'Lachtna was chief of the two Bacs, and of Gleann Nemhthinne; Lachtna was a Mac Firbis; O'Flanngaile was over Loch Glinne, with its land; O'Floinn in Oireamh of Loch Con; O'Maoilruaidh of Ard Achadh and of Cill Bealad, or Cill Ealad; O'h-Eineachain of Baile Ui Eineachain; O'Leathcaile of the townland of Magh Fuara; Mac Conlena of Cill Mor Muaidhe; O'Dubhagain and O'Airmeadhaigh of Loch Muighe Broin, and the Clann Firbisigh, the poets of Hy-Amhalgaidh of Ros Serce.

Hy-Eachach Muaidhe extends from Ros Serce to Fearsad Tresi. These are its tribes, viz., O'Maoilfaghmhair, comharbas of Cill Allaidh, O'Leannain, O'Criaidhchen, O'Laitile, O'Mochain, O'Maoilaithghen, O'Broduibh, and O'Maoilbhrenuinn.


The following are the tribes of Caille (or Caoille) Conaill, which extends from Fearsad Tresi to Traigh Murbhaigh, that is, Traigh Ceall, and northwards to Cill Cuimin, viz., O'Derig, O'h-Aodha of Ard O'n Aodha, O'Maolchonaire, O'Flannabhra, and O'Seaghsa. And of them also are the families of O'Congadan, or O'Connagain of Magh Gamhuach, O'h-Arain of Ardgabhail. The district of Caeille is Baile na Leacan, from the Fearsad, to Traigh Murbhaigh, &c., according to another book.


The Hereditary Proprietors of Tir Fhiachrach down here.

The estate of O'Morain, i. e. Ard na Riagh, and his chieftainship the district thence to Tuaim da Odhar. O'Brogain of Breachmhagh.

There were four chiefs over Cuil Chearnadha, which extends from Beul Atha na n-Idheadh408 to the road of Breachmhagh, namely, O'Fionain, O'Rothlain, O'h-Iornain (or O'Tuathalain), and O'Cuinn. O'h-Eana of Imleach Loisge; O'Gealagain of Cill Iochtair, i. e. Grainseach; O'Breslen of Cill Fhaindle, or Cill Ainnle.

The country of O'Caomhain extends from Tuaim da Bhodhar to Gleoir, and his hereditary tribes or retainers were the families of Mac Cailleachan, or Caoilleachan, or Ceallachan of Carn; O'Coitil of Baile Ui Choitil; O'Floinn of Beartrach and of Mucdhubh; O'Mochaine of Baile Ui Mhochaine; O'h-Iomhair of Leacan; — (the Clann Firbhisigh were of Leacan Mhic Fhirbhisigh afterwards, where they wrote books of history, annals, poetry, and kept a school of history; and where, a long time after their original settlement there, Ciothruaidh and James, the two sons of Diarmaid Caoch Mac Firbis,


and John Og, the son of William, their father's brother, erected the castle of Leacan Mac Firbis, in the year of the age of Christ 1560409;) — O'Loingseachain of Mullach Ratha; O'Sbealain of Coillin, and it was he that erected the great rath410; O'Fualairg of Rath Bearchain; and O'Connachtain of Cabrach.

The chief seat of O'Caomhain was Saidhin Uisge tar abhainn, which is otherwise called Inis Sgreabhainn411. Though it is said that the Clann Neill took these lands, it was not by hereditary right they took them, but by force, after having slain David O'Caomhain and Domhnall O'Caomhain, so that the Clann Neill were for a while in the chieftainship, until Niall, son of Niall, was slain by Muircheartach Fionn O'Caomhain, in revenge for the loss of his land.

Of the tract extending from the river Gleoir to the Iasgach O'Murchadha, or O'Maolduin, was the chieftain. The estate of O'Ruadhrach was Lia Con, and Iochtar Ratha. O'Fenneadha was proprietor of Finnghid until the family of O'Flannghaile412 took it from him, after they had been driven from their own estate from the lake downwards by the English. O'Maoilduin of Imleach Iseal; O'Luachain of Ros Laogh; O'Duibhscuile of Dun Maoilduibh. The


estate of O'Rothlain was Cluain na g-Cliabhach and Alt Fharannain, until the family of O'Maonaigh deprived them of it by a treachery which shall not be written here413; O'Beollan of Dun Ulltain; O'Conbhuidhe of Baile Mec Giollachais, and of Dun Neill, which is called from Niall, son of Cubuidhe414, and Cuanan, from whom Rath Cuanain, was another son of Cubuidhe; and it is said that O'Conbhuidhe was once chief of the tract extending from Dun Neill to Muirisg; and the Dumb Book of James Mac Firbis states that O'Conbhuidhe was chief of the tract extending from Ath Cliath Muirsge415 to the river Iascach. The families of Mac Eoghain and O'Cuanan of Dun m-Becin; O'Discin of Baile Ui Dhiscin; O'Dunghaile, O'Suidhlearga and O'Cuain of Dun Ui Chobhthaigh; O'Colmain of Grainseach Mor; O'Fuala of Grainseach Beag; O'Ceallaigh of Ard O'g-Ceallaigh; O'Loingsigh and O'Caomhain an Chuirrigh of Muine na bh-Fiadh [or Muine Dhiadh416 at this day].

O'Flannghaile in Eachros; the families of Mac Giolla na n-Each, O'Flannghaile, and Mac Giolla Duibh, in the Corcachs; O'Sionna, in Lathrach. The pillars of Sgrin were the families of Mac Concathrach, O'h-Oilmhec, Mag Rodan, O'Sneadharna and O'Rabhartaigh.


The Dumb Book of James Mac Firbis enumerates the pillars of Sgrin as follows: — ‘The families of O'Rabhartaigh, Mac Carraoin417, O'Flannghaile, and O'Tarpaigh418, are the pillars of Sgrin, and the props of the Kings of Hy-Fiachrach if I give them as they were in my own time, the hereditary proprietors which I saw remaining in Sgrin, were the families of Mac Carraoin and Mac Giolla na n-Each, and there was a remnant of the O'Rabhartaighs there, but the Saxon heretics of Alba419 did not leave their inheritance to them.’

O'Baothghaile of Cluain Ui Chosgraigh; Mac Giolla Finn (or Mac Finn O'Flannghaile) of Leamhach; Mac Giolla Bricin of Ard na n-Glas; Mac Giolla Mhir of Fionnabhair; Mac Giolla Riabhach of Criochan; O'Liathan of Muine Fede, or Bun Fede; Mac Conluain (or Anluain) of Cuil Cille Bricin; Mac Giolla Bhain of Lios na Reamhur; O'Duinchinn of Doire na n-Ath; O'h-Aodha of Toin re go; ODunchadha of the tract extending from Coillte Luighne to Beal Atha na Muice; Lios Ladhghuill is the chief seat of that district.

Of the people who inhabited the tract extending from Borrach to the Strand, O'Muirgheasa is chieftain, and of these O'Maonaigh is one. According to a different authority ‘the families of Mac Firbis, O'Maonaigh, and O'Muirgheasa were lords of the tract extending from Borrach to the Strand.’ From Borrach to Muirisg, O'Maoilduin is chief of that district.

The Chief Seats of the Kings of the Hy-Fiachrach here, viz.:

Dumha Caochain, in Iorras; Inis Mochua420, at Loch Con; Eanach Dubhain; Rath Branduibh, in Tir Amhalgaidh; Caislen mic Conchobhair,


or Dun mic Conchobhair; Iochtar Ratha, Dun Cinn Treathain, or Dun Contreathain, the two Draighneachs [on Lios na Draighnighe is the Bawn of Ceathramh an Chaisil421 at this day], and Bun Finne, in Tir Fhiachrach.

The chief seat of O'Caomhain was Soighen Uisge tar abhainn, which is called Inisgreabhuinn. The chief seat of O'Murchadha was Imlioch Iseal, and the chief seat of O'Conbhuidhe was Dun Neill.

The English drove these chieftains422 from their patrimonial inheritances (which we have enumerated), but Sen Bhrian423 son of Taithleach Muaidhe O'Dubhda, took the country (particularly Tir Fhiachrach) from the English; but though he did, I think that many of the same old chieftains did not get much hold of their hereditary districts from him, for it is certain that the sons, grandsons, and great grandsons of Sen Bhrian divided the land among hemselves, though they do not possess it at this day. And moreover, but very few of the descendants of the chieftains already mentioned now exist (even their very surnames, were they of any importance, do not remain424; and this is not all, but the people of these our own times wonder that such as they should have ever been in power, in consequence of their fewness and feebleness at this day. But the cause of their wonder is small425 to one who compares the events of the world and the subversion of ages, which brought such vicissitudes on the tribes of the world in general, driving the potent from territories, as the


chieftains we have undertaken to describe were driven, as is evident from the celebrated poem426 beginningMany a branch of the race of Conn’, which contains 231 quatrains, which was composed by Giolla Iosa Mor Mac Firbis, ut sequitur:
    Mac Firbis of Lecan Cecinit.
  1. Many a branch of the race of Conn427
    Is in the land of Banba of smooth grass;
    The sovereignty of the lands428 was mightily seized
    By Conn, who is the head of their branches429.

  2. p.179

  3. The race of Niall430, son of the great Eochaidh,
    Is a fine branch of the cluster,
    No sept has arrived at their happiness;
    They are the greatest tribe of heroes431.
  4. Of the race of great Con, son of Feidhlim,
    Are the people of Cruachan of the level plain432;
    No man of the tribe is fruitless (unmarried),
    The kings of the plain of Muireadhach433.
  5. The seed of Feargna434, men of the north,
    Passing to Cruachan435 of the red mounds,


    And to Cenannus, land of the heroes436
    Which was the inheritance of the white-skinned Conn437.
  6. A noble branch of the race of Conn
    Is the tribe of Eochaidh Doimhlen438, the bright-eyed,
    The host of Oirghiall, who, above every tribe,
    Is a bulky blaze of heavy battle.
  7. Another shoot of the race of Conn
    Is the Clann Mailli439, valiant the branch,
    (Every country is heard selecting them440),
    And the mild Muintir Murchadha441.

  8. p.183

  9. The race of the great Fiachra, son of Eochaidh,
    A beauteous, sweetly-judging tribe442,
    The Hy-Fiachrach, north and south443,
    A generous battalion, who have exceeded comparison.
  10. The race of the noble Fiachra are my care,
    Let us follow the track of the heroes,
    The hosts from Tara of Tuathal444,
    It is just to trace their noble career.
  11. Fiachra Foltsnaitheach445, the festive,
    Five were the sons of that great progenitor,
    To enumerate them is meet for the people,
    Who were wont to distribute fame to the family446.
  12. Dathi, who won each sept,
    Was contender for the plain of Europe447;
    He proceeded to the Alps of birds448,
    It is a part of his adventure celebrated in stories449.

  13. p.185

  14. Amhalgaidh, a prop of battle,
    Was a noble son of the arch-chieftain,
    Banba was enjoyed by the hero450;
    Bresal the brave and Conairi451 were also his sons.
  15. Earc Culbhuidhe452, a prosperous branch,
    Was son of great Fiachra, son of Eochaidh,
    His steward over Ceara he placed453,
    Which the side of each tree confessed454.
  16. Of the descendants of Earc, who consented not to treachery,
    A brave tribe, whom I will not omit,
    Are the men of Ceara of beautiful fruit trees,
    With a mellow top of honey on their pods455.

  17. p.187

  18. Let us not leave Ceara of the mounds456
    Without mentioning its inheritors,
    Without gently fitting them to our verse,
    To place them in the regal list.
  19. Over Ceara of the brown nuts457
    There are three noble, laudable kings,
    Over tribes who have not been subdued from times remote,
    Whose soldiers possess high minds.
  20. O'Tighernaigh of ready tribes458,
    O'Gormghail459, who merited not reproach,
    A host who separate not from the battle,
    O'Muireadhaigh460 of great mirth.

  21. p.189

  22. To O'h-Uada461 of extensive woods,
    To O'Cinnchnamha462, who was not dispraised,
    Belongs the tract stretching from Maiteog to the hard Callainn,
    And to the cool river.
  23. Well has been defended the land of the men
    By O'Dorchaidhe of the lofty mind,
    The country of Partraighe463 of fine hazle trees,
    With the yellow-knotted spear-shaft in the battle.
  24. O'Banan of his own town464,
    A brughaidh who merited not reproach,


    O'Gilin the swift of Muine465,
    Chief of a tribe who were never dispraised.
  25. Mac an Bhainbh466 of scarlet hazles,
    Obtained the terrestrial fairy palace467
    The sweet district of Magh na beithighe,
    The most vigorous chief I mention.
  26. Baile na Craibhi468 without stain,
    Which is also called the Tobar,
    O'Aodha469, with his tribe, obtained,
    Heroes who protect us against puissant men.
  27. O' Fuathmharan470 of the swift steeds
    Obtained Cacal471 by plying the sword;


    The strength of his large swords and hands
    Deserve renown at every time.
  28. Cill n-Aindi of the green woods472
    Belongs to O'Lerghusa473 of swift steeds;
    The host of Cill was never dispraised,
    Youths who ought to be mentioned in this poem.
  29. The district of Magh h-Indalbh474 of steeds,
    Belongs to a hero who has not pronounced false sentence,
    To O'Cearnaigh475, who loved not refusal,
    The fame of his household I will extol.
  30. The three townlands of Baile an Riagan476 without division,
    The three townlands of Cnocan477, I say,


    And the land of Fidh Cruaichi478 of banquets, —
    On which are shower-shaken hazles of white bark,
    And where each round hill is protected by wattle hedges, —
    Constitute the ancient territory of O'h-Eidhnechan479.
  31. Baile an Bhelaigh480, it is certain to me,
    Is O'Ciaragan's481, — I will not conceal it, —
    Neither should his virtue be concealed,
    The satin-dressed ornament of each old habitation.
  32. Over Baile Crannain482, without blemish,
    Are brughaidhs (farmers) of fierce conflict, —
    Spare ye not the acquisitions of the men, —
    The O'Coiglidhs483, a brave tribe.
  33. The Mac Gilli Fhaelains484 without treachery,
    Noble brughaidhs (farmers), I reckon,
    Whose spear-armed host have good array,
    Are in Regles485 of the great family.

  34. p.197

  35. Cul Daingin486 and Braenros487 ban [the white],
    Oiremh488 and the entire of Imairi489
    Belong to O'Mailraite490, hospitable the man,
    To whom the literati and the feast were pleasing.
  36. The three townlands of Tulach491 the southern,
    Belong to O'Brogan492, who has enjoyed happiness,
    And the northern to O'Faghartaigh, who at his house
    Is praised at the time of the assembly.
  37. The Termon of Balla493, where sweetly sound the bells,
    A flowery land, which Patrick blest494,


    A host from Tara selecting it495,
    O'Cearnaigh obtained, as his first choice.
  38. O'Caomhan of the ancient swords obtained
    Tuath Ruisin496, vigorous his career,
    A princely district, soil of heroes,
    Old land of lances and swords.
  39. O'Ruaidhin497 of the rapid onsets got
    The tract stretching from Ath na Lub498, as is reported,
    To the land of fair Cill na n-Garg499,
    We are proudly counting them.
  40. From the causeway of Cillin na n-Garg500,
    To Ath Seisidh501 of the noble bards,


    And Robin502 being to the east of us,
    A little spot which is delightful to the strangers503.
  41. And from Sighin Chiarain of the bells504
    To Tobar Lughna505, the soft [i. e. boggy],
    O'Birn506 obtained that festive land,
    For whom the hazle507 waved in hundred tendrils.
  42. From the Tobar to Caol508 of the battles,
    Rodhba and Rathain under Aenach509,


    O'Goirmghialla510 obtained that land
    Whose hosts are now under the heavy thraldom of foreigners511.
  43. The three townlands of Criathrach512, without concealment,
    Belong to O'Mailcana513, who was never dispraised,
    And to the melodious Mac Gilli Buidhi's514,
    The host of Cill515 I recount.

  44. p.205

  45. The chief seats of this southern territory [i. e. Ceara]
    Are Feart Lothair516 of much happiness,
    Aenach517, and the sweet Loch Buadhaigh518;
    Before the multitudes I early boast of them.
  46. Of the race of Earc Culbhuidhi, it was heard,
    Are the Fir Thire of pellucid streams,
    And the Clann Cuain without stain,
    Who showed no small kindness to the bard.
  47. Over Clann Cuain519 of heavy preys
    Were three chieftains accustomed to conflict,


    Who deserved all Banba [Ireland] for selecting it520 [Clann Cuain],
    The brave O'Cuinn521 was their first choice.
  48. Mag Lannagan522 of the smooth shafts,
    By whom the districts of strangers were plundered,
    And O'Mailina523, who, yonder at his house,
    Was the sheltering tree of the learned.
  49. O'Cuinn one time obtained
    The chieftainship of this our territory524,
    Hardy were the conflict and career,
    Of Domhnall525, until he received disgrace.
  50. O'Cuinn happened to have
    A beautiful marriageable daughter who was wooed;
    She did not receive a gift of cattle526
    Though she was wooed by chieftains.

  51. p.209

  52. There came at the time into the southern district527
    The King of Hy-Fiachrach, who had enjoyed happiness,
    Ruaidhri, son of Taithleach528 of the tribes,
    A fishing rod to whom every river was known529.
  53. To the house of O'Cuinn of fiery tribes
    Went O'Dubhda of Dun Guaire530,
    The great pillar of the fair plain of Fail531,
    To get his warlike refection532.
  54. Ruaidhri of the rapid onsets viewed
    The black-haired, fair-skinned daughter533,
    In the door of her beauteous Grianan534;
    The steady, modest maiden was brightness535.

  55. p.211

  56. Ruaidhri of the bright eye loved536
    The splendid comely daughter;
    Mightily was his attention engaged
    In what became the cause of tears to the goodly mansion.
  57. O'Dubhda of the fort of Conn537 effected
    The violation of the daughter of Domhnall,
    And as by force he entered in
    The report of the deed spread widely.
  58. The King of Rath Branduibh538 is slain
    By O'Cuinn with sharp swords,
    As this lord [O'Dubhda] indeed was found
    Alone in the gap of danger.539
  59. Early on the morrow went
    O'Cuinn of affectionate hosts,


    His men worthy of any host,
    To the vigorous Sil Muireadhaigh540;
  60. To Tomaltach Mor541 of fiery tribes,
    Mac Diarmada of Brugh Boinne542,
    And under his steward the tribe [of O'Cuinn] submitted themselves,
    He [Mac Diarmada] consenting to their illegal act543.
  61. From that day down to this
    The Clann Cuain and mighty Fir Thire544
    Are without mention of a charter for their tributes
    Among the host of the Sil Muireadhaigh545.

  62. p.215

  63. But though the clann Maoilruanaidh546 of rapid onsets
    Have obtained of them possession,
    To cling to them is not meet for this people;
    Its nut separates from the parent branch.
  64. I have now brought them with me547, by a reporting of knowledge
    According to the genealogical relationship
    From the Clann Maoilruanaidh, without division,
    To the native stem, as I speak.
  65. Let us pass, may our journey be felicitous,
    From the wide territory of patron saints548
    To Irrus549, where we were fostered,
    That border of delightful districts.550
  66. O'Caithniadh551, who spared not cattle,
    Was the chief of Irrus, who was not satirized;


    The produce of the country is in floods552;
    Praise to the tribe I speak.
  67. There are three sub-chiefs in this western country,
    In Irrus of splendid aspect,
    A host the most excited by metheglin553,
    A tribe who merited to be believed.
  68. O'Ceallachain554, head of the host,
    O'Muimhneachain555, who drinks the mead,
    Mac Coinin556, remind us not of him557,
    Very kind are those people to the learned.
  69. The O'Coinminns558 of right condition,
    The Mag Fhionnainns559 in the high roll,
    The Mac Conboirnes560 of prosperous name,
    Tribes who have gone beyond comparison.

  70. p.219

  71. The O'Geradhains561 of sleek horses,
    A tribe of valorous career,
    A race of great hilarity,
    Whose hosts are firm under their noble spears.
  72. Thus is obvious in our book set down
    The host of Irrus without exception,
    It is meet to enumerate this people,
    A host whose sons have not been dispraised.
  73. Let us leave Irrus of the fine soil562,
    Let us pass to the native territory563,
    Let us quietly pursue our journey,
    Let us observe the opportunity of each ollamh.
  74. As bare books564 relate,
    I shall point out the lands
    From Dun Fine565 to the sluggish Muaidh566;
    The race of whom I speak were not penurious.
  75. The first inheritor who shall be mentioned here,
    At Dun Fine of apple trees,
    Is O'Duibhlearga567, who loves not the Galls568,
    An artifex in learning prowess569.

  76. p.221

  77. O'Cuinn570 of the brave tribe,
    One of the people who have not been lowered,
    And O'Comhgan571, without a stain,
    And Mag Odhrain572 is on that land.
  78. O'Duanmuidhe573 of happy success,
    And O'Blighe574 the warlike,
    O'Berga575 for whom the hazles stoop576,
    Who deserved not the anger of the saints.
  79. Radubhain,577 an assertion without fault,
    Of Baile an Ghleanna578, his fine seat579,
    A brughaidh580 of no false fame,
    A hundred-attended hero in defending.
  80. Of their own town581, it is true,
    Are the Mac Conleitrechs, the heroes,


    A people without poverty as to cattle,
    Who have not circumscribed the weal of the churches.
  81. Of Cill Ardubh582 — godly the tribe, —
    Are the O'Cathasaighs583 of conflicts,
    Going beyond every road before them,
    And the fair champion O'Conghaile584.
  82. But the chieftainship is due to those
    High-minded tribes of great hosts,
    The O'Muireadhaighs585 of comely chiefs,
    The majestic pillars of the Lagan586.
  83. The Mag Fhinnains587, who refused not a man,
    are of the Hy-Muireadhaigh of banners,
    Of the tribe who excelled all,
    Of the fair sept without irrationality,
    Men who are kindling valour in their sons:
    Such is the Lagan588 I say.

  84. p.225

  85. From Rath Branduibh589 of the sweet bells590
    To Traigh Ceall591, a road which we pass,
    Stretches the country of Caeilli of no extinguished fame,
    Not fairer was the plain of Cruachan592.
  86. From Conall, son of Fergus, the fair,
    Sprung the musical Clann Conaill593;
    His race are in the territory of Caeille;
    No time is found complaining of them.
  87. O'h-Aodha594, who never rejected a man of learning,
    A people of constant liberal bestowing,
    Of Ard O'n-Aodha595 of steeds,
    Branches of high hospitality.
  88. The place of a chieftain in the northern district
    O'h-Aodha of the cold-weapon has obtained;
    His children are in the centre of Caeilli,
    The fairest plain of those I mention.

  89. p.227

  90. The O'Mailchonaires596 without a blot,
    The O'Flannabhras597 without oppression,
    The O'Seghdhas598 of rich produce,
    Heroes who reject not men of learning.
  91. I have mentioned, it is a reporting of knowledge,
    The Clann Conaill and their correlatives,
    As it is no shame to all the heroes
    To have them set down in the regal list.
  92. Hy-Eathach Muaidhe599 of the plains
    Extends from Ros Seirce600 of the bright streams
    To Fearsad Treisi, north,
    A pass of most powerful hosts.
  93. The O'Mailfaghmhairs601 who prepared the banquets,
    The O'Leanains602, full vigorous heroes,
    Not decrepid are the hosts of the soil;
    Of the descendants of Laeghaire603 I speak.
  94. Of the O'Mailfoghmhairs, who violated not bells604
    Were the seven bishops of Patrick's city605,


    And seven who were strongly elected
    In the choir (chapter) who came around them.
  95. The O'Criaidhcheins606 of goodly plight,
    The lofty-proud O'Flaitilies607,
    The O'Mochains608 who have not forsaken you, once,
    Who were the causeway609 of the learned of Erin.
  96. The O'Mailaithghins610 of bright cheeks,
    The O'Mailbhrenainns611 of terrific spears,
    Heroes who contended with the youths of Banba612,
    The brave O'Broduibhs613, and the O'Creachains614.
  97. These are the Hy-Eachach of the steeds,
    A people who have spoken only a just sentence,
    This fair tribe have a lofty mind,
    They are the most expert host I mention.
  98. Let us pass into the soft Bredach615,
    Which is accustomed to battles and hardness of conflict,
    To the scions from whom we shall receive information,
    The Clann Fergus616 of brown weapons.
  99. O'Toghdha617 is head of the battle,
    Victorious chief of Bredach,


    To mention him is not grievous to me,
    Pity that there is no heir of the champions618.
  100. O'Luachduibh's619 part of the western side
    Of Bredach is of brilliant aspect,
    Chiefs accustomed to victory from their foundation,
    The host and their chiefs are increasing.
  101. O'Gloinin620 who spared not cattle,
    O'Gilin621 of the victorious arms,
    In Bredach powerful their pursuit,
    The people who have increased mede-drinking.
  102. Of the fine Magh Gamhnach622 are
    The O'Deirgs623 of flowery habitations
    And the O'Gadans624 of pure honour,
    Glowing with hospitality and valour.
  103. Let us leave Bredach of the green corn fields,
    We have sung of some of its inheritors,


    Let us make our way up into sweet Bac625,
    Quick grows its fruit as I hear.
  104. The full chieftainship of O'Lachtna626,
    (Just his boast and ostentation),
    Comprises the two Bacs and the fair Glenn627
    Rich methinks its production.
  105. Ard Achadh628 of delightful woods,
    Cill Belad629, seat of the poets,


    Belongs to O'Maoilruain630, who refused not any one,
    Who marches with the wings of the army.
  106. Of Baile Ui Emeachain631 the great
    Is O'h-Emeachain, who obtained respect,
    A victorious Brughaidh without oppression.
    Hosts to his mansion come.
  107. O'Laechaille632, a hero without misfortune,
    A Brughaidh who was wont to feed the ravens,
    Is lord of Magh Fuara633 of banquets,
    A comely hero who was never dispraised.
  108. Of Lis Cumin634 of the white corn-fields
    Are the O'Cumins635, a brave tribe;
    Brughaidhs who acted treacherously to no people;
    And worthy of his rank is the head of the family.
  109. Mac Conlena636 of ancient swords,
    The O'Dubhagains637 of good men
    Were of Cill Mor Muaidhe638 of the plains,
    A troop hardy in giving succour.

  110. p.237

  111. The O'Airmeadhaighs639 of swift steeds,
    The O'Ronains640, who received respect,
    Were of Magh Broin641 of scarlet hazles;
    The praise-worthy host were not few;
  112. The Clann Firbisigh642 also, who reported no fault,
    The ollamhs of the province of Connaught;
    They were at Rosseirc afterwards;
    It would not be proper to conceal their lineage.
  113. Across the lake westwards should I sail643,
    I need not go a longer journey;


    It is not a short excursion on the water
    To reach the prosperous Glenn Nemthinne.
  114. The O'Mailfhinas644 who refused not any one,
    The O'Gaibhtheachains645 of the sharp spears,
    Distributing lances to the troop,
    Were the two chiefs of the plain of Calraighe646,
  115. Over Magh Eleag647 of high prosperity,
    As a brave and hundred-cattled648 Brughaidh
    Is O'Floinn649, the manly champion,
    Under whom a fair-faced race have risen.

  116. p.241

  117. The O'Flannghailes,650 who reported no fault
    A people of most universal bravery,
    Dwell round Loch Glinne651 of hospitable men,
    Youth with whom valour is a hostage.
  118. I have composed, — it is cause of knowledge, —
    According to the genealogical ramifications,
    An account of the tribes of the country beyond the Moy,
    For the poets of the plain of Manann652.
    Even as the yoke is due to [borne by] the clergy.653
    According to each book I speak.
  119. I shall advance after my journey thither,
    With a small brave company,
    Who are not inexpert at the time of shooting,
    Across the Muaidh654 of speckled salmons.

  120. p.243

  121. Throughout the region over which I have passed,
    I will name for you, — it is true knowledge, —
    Quickly from the fair bright branches,
    The genealogy of the discreet tribes.
  122. Tuaim da Bodhar655 which won the wagers,
    Is the limit of this country I describe,
    Ath Cunga656 is its other limit;
    The inhabitants are supporters of our bards.
  123. There was a chief at another time
    In this territory over the race of Laeghaire657,
    O'h-Eignigh658, who was head over all,
    No power oppressed the hero.
  124. The O'Gealagans659, men of banquets,
    Dwelt in Grainseach660 of bright rivers,
    Cill Ichtair661 is their land,
    Bright soil in which sermons are sown.
  125. Imleach Loisce662 is the inheritance
    Of the O'h-Endas663 of heavy crowds,
    From their forts did burst the shouts;
    They were fine septs of brughaidhs.

  126. p.245

  127. The O'Mongans664, who were not peniurious to the clergy,
    The O'Brogans665, who deserved no reproach,
    Swords were befitting their troops,
    Two families of brughaidhs of the plain of Breachmhagh666.
  128. From Bel Atha Cunga667 the hard,
    The lands westwards to the old river Muaidh668,
    Belong to O'Cuinn669 and O'Moran670 the swift,
    Who deserved the great esteem of the soldiers.
  129. After O'h-Eignigh of the steeds
    O'Moran goes triumphantly
    To Ard na Riagh671, hospitable the man,
    To tend the learned and the banquets.
  130. For O'Moran, who was accustomed to battles
    In the place of the other arch-chieftain,
    We have allotted Ard na Riagh,
    A hero by whom our mind was raised.
  131. Let us leave the race of puissant Laeghaire,
    Let us traverse the roads before us,
    Over Tuaim da bhodhar; sweetly
    Let us boast of the host by praising them.

  132. p.247

  133. Into Callraidhe of Cuil672 na g-cneadh,
    I shall proceed to describe it,
    Cuil Cernogha of the knotty hazles,
    Not unhappy are those in whom it is hereditary.
  134. Four chieftains are in this upper country,
    In Callraidhe of beautiful fruit-trees,
    A festive party who have entered into our catalogue,
    It is proper to name the noble youths.
  135. Ma Cuinn673 and O'Rothlainn674 the ready,
    O'h-Iarnain675 of dreadful arms,
    Who injures the choicest of the foreigners,
    And O'Finain676, a great sheltering tree.
  136. [From Bel Easa677 of the clear cataracts,
    The extent of the country which was not oppressed,
    To the Brosnach678 of impetuous current,


    Which defends the head of Calraighe679].
  137. O'Caomhain680, — it is cause of gain, — obtained
    The tract from Tuaim da Bhodhar681 of flowery hills
    (His tribe are best when acting by their own will),
    To Gleoir682, the head of the tribe683.
  138. Mac Cailleachain684 of valorous feats,
    A hero who fled not from foreign javelins
    Is chief of Carn685, whose fame he defended
    By the valour of his arms and conflict.
  139. O'Coitil of the naked weapons got
    Baile Ui Choitil686 by his valour,
    A Brughaidh like him there exists not,
    Clay is not fit before him687.
  140. To O'Mochaine of the sweet mouth
    Belongs Baile Ui Mhochaine688, I boast,
    Hosts have consumed his cattle,
    The goodness of O'Mochaine is exalted.

  141. p.251

  142. Muc Dubh689 and the flowery Beartrach690
    O'Floinn691 obtained, it is cause of wealth,
    A hero not weak to be opposed,
    The flowery Brughaidh of Beartrach.
  143. O'h-Imhair692, who was not penurious to the clergy,
    Is of Leacan693 of the smooth-sodded land,
    A man worthy of every man,
    The melodious yellow-haired chieftain.
  144. Mullach Ratha694 of the fair roads,
    O'Loingseachain695 of the slender swords obtained
    A soil like the fair soil of Meath throughout
    The land of a sept of the Hy-Fiachrach.
  145. O'Spelan696 of the golden spurs obtained
    Coillin697 Aedha at the time of the meeting,
    His host cannot be watched,
    Pity to mention him as possessing only a half townland.

  146. p.253

  147. Rath Berchan698 of flowery woods
    Is a land in which wine banquets are found,
    O'Fualairg699 obtained the banquets of that soil,
    By whom warlike Cera was sore plundered.
  148. Cill Fainnle700 of the soft crops
    Is O'Breslens701 who experienced envy,
    His people are without oppression or detriment,
    With whom the happiness of the Ollamhs was best.
  149. The victorious O'Connachtan's702 portion
    Of the wide famous plain, —
    Each hazel is rich from the hero703, —
    Is the beautiful land of Cabrach704.
  150. At one time, by force,
    A sept of the regal lineage,
    The Clann Neill705, seized upon the land of these men;
    Not feeble from the heroes was their reckoning.706
  151. They met each other without blemish,
    The Clann Neill of expert lances
    And the brave Clann Caemhain
    Of the slender-white warlike spear-shafts.

  152. p.255

  153. Muircheartach Mac Neill707 is slain
    And O'Caemhain of the smooth skin,
    In a contest for this southern tract,
    By these tribes, the best I have mentioned.
  154. Then mightily entered on the land
    The Clann Caemhain of sharp spears,
    Beyond the strength of the other sept,
    By strength of charter708 and conflict.
  155. O'Caomhain of the green swords obtained
    Sais Sgrebhainn709 of the bright streams,
    A flowery land bright-sided as the wave,
    Fort of the splendid lime-doors710.
    As the mansion seat of his race
    The hazel-yellowest field I sing of.
  156. From Gleoir, which was not won by foreign javelins,
    To Iasca711 of the land of the white-blossomed apple trees,
    Belongs to the O'Mailduins712 of high renown,
    Scions who respect the ollamh.
  157. O'Ruarach713 of the rapid onsets got
    Lia Con714, the support of the strangers,


    For all its produce is abundant,
    Which is the best cause for praising it.
  158. I have brought, — brave the hero, —
    O'Feinneadha715, the soldier,
    To Finghid716, the plain of the battles,
    From which the bards depart not displeased.
  159. After the extermination of O'Feinneadha there,
    O'Flannghaile717 obtained the land,
    A smooth soil, not rugged for tillage718,
    Like the smooth-mounded land of Cruachan.
  160. Imleach Isil719 of the smooth grass
    Belongs to O'Mailduin, as I certify,
    A mede-abounding seat by sea and land,
    So that I love the surface of the land.
  161. To Muirsce720 let us go after it,
    From the Iasca of the salmon-abounding soil
    The O'Conbhuidhes721 are the head of the tribe,
    Powerful is the host protecting us.

  162. p.259

  163. O'Luachain722 of the thin sword-blade.
    Over all is the active head
    At Ros Laegh723 of the fair smooth shafts,
    A noble clan who sustained each conflict.
  164. Cluain na g-cliabhach724 of the smooth hazles,
    Alt Fharannain725, the miraculous,
    Belong to O'Rothlain726, not penurious of cattle,
    Who freely distributes the cattle of his enemies.
  165. Over Dun Mailduibh727 of the flowery seats,
    As a brave and affluent Brughaidh,
    Is O'Duibhscuile728, beautiful his stud,
    The Earl of all the Brughaidhs729!
  166. O'Beollain730, who refused no man, obtained


    Dun Ultain731 of the deep river mouth732,
    The Brughaidh who is mentioned by us
    Is a brave hero, whom I trust.
  167. His name from the fair townland he has received
    A Brughaidh of fair and strong rath (fort),
    Mac Gillachais733 of the smooth hazels,
    Who never slunk back from the conflict.
  168. Of Dun m-Becin734 of the white edifices
    Are the Mag Eoghains735 and the Clann Cuanan,
    Two Brughaidhs in the happy rath736
    On the flowery, constantly festive hill.
  169. O'Discin737, who refused not the learned, got
    The townland from him called, entirely
    The land is named from the man
    For whom the fair-skinned hazel grows fair and large.
  170. O'Conbhuidhe738, who is dear to us, obtained
    A wide and beauteous land,


    Dun Neill739, soil of bright aspect,
    It is plain in our rule before us.
  171. Let us pass from the mede-abounding Muirsci740
    To Borrach741 the flowery, arborous,
    There is no misfortune over the land of the man,
    O'Murchadha742 is its lordly chieftain.
  172. O'Suidhlearga743, O'Cuain744 the comely,
    O'Dunchadha745, who enjoyed delight,
    Dun Ui Chobhthaigh746 is the land of the men
    With whom a stand of noble spears is placed.
  173. O'Colman747 has a brave share obtained,
    Grainseach Mor748, the seat of Patrick,
    Of Grainseach Beag749, victorious the spot,
    O'Fuala750 has liberty in the land.

  174. p.265

  175. O'Ceallaigh of smooth lances obtained
    Ard O'g-Ceallaigh751 with triumph,
    He transmitted the valour of the tribe to his posterity,
    A plain like Meath is under his stewards.
  176. O'Loingsigh752 of large blades
    Is at Corcach753 without a rival,
    Hosts protect the hero,
    The lawful heir of Corcach.
  177. Dun Floinn754, which none durst invade,
    O'Murchadha755 of the smooth plain obtained,
    A white-wattled edifice756 of noble polish,
    Habitation of the sweet-scented branches.
  178. From Borrach757, which was not wounded by a satire758
    Let us proceed to the strand759 without reproach,


    To await them at the cave of the land,
    O'Muirgheasa760, whom I praise, obtained it.
  179. O'Sinna761 of the successful spears
    Obtained Lathrach762 as his full choice,
    It is nobler than the old land of Sodhan763,
    A fresh land of fruitful produce.
  180. Let us pass, may it be a felicitous tour,
    To the habitation of the Patron,
    To a people to whom honour and tribute have submitted,
    Let us pass to the habitation of St. Adamnan764.
  181. A tribe which ought to be recorded
    In Scrin765 is their mighty roll [charter],


    I shall not omit a representative of the people;
    Five brave men of the cluster are these that follow.
  182. Mag Rodan766, O'h-Oilmic767, are there,
    Mac Concathrach768 of friends,
    O'Snedarna769, to whom valour gave a hostage,
    A mightly representative clinging to an inheritance;
    Their deed and their valour are praised,
    Of them are the prosperous O'Rabhartaighs770.
  183. Cluain Ui Chosgraidh771 of the smooth hazels,
    A land not won by the strangers,
    O'Baethghaile772 obtained that land
    By whom the meetings of foreigners were stained.
  184. The Mac Gilli Finns773 of sharp weapons,
    A sept who used to supply food to the ravens774,
    Are in Leamhach775, and in poetical books776,
    A noble comely-faced people.

  185. p.271

  186. The Mac Gilli Bricins777 without reproach,
    A tribe of brave career
    At Ard na n-glass778, comely the race,
    Tribes have heard it universally.
  187. Mac Gillimir779, who refused not the learned,
    Obtained Finnabhair780 of the fair plains,
    A Brughaidh who opposed hundreds,
    Who exalted the hill of Tuathal781.
  188. Mac Gilli Riabhaigh782 with prosperity,
    Is of Crichan783 of the swift hounds,
    Great his mirth and his mind
    On the lands of his lord.
  189. Muine na Fede784 of banquets
    Belongs to O'Liathain785 of high mind,
    A man who is brave in wounding conflicts,
    Whose house is a residence for poets.
  190. Of Cuil Cille Bricin786 without bondage,
    A land which enemies have not seen,


    Mac Conluain787 is mentioned by us
    Who bravely went beyond emulation.
  191. Lis na Remur788 of hot roads,
    A land of beautiful water,
    Mac Gilli Bhain789 obtained the land,
    Who vigorously entered the conflict.
  192. O'Duinchinn790 of just condition,
    A brughaidh who feeds the strangers,
    Doire na n-Ath791 is the land of his men
    On which every fair-nutted hazel is constantly found.
  193. Ton re go792, where the wave is fruitful,
    Land of sloes and apples,
    Belongs to O'h-Aodha793 who refused not the literati,
    Branches whose triumph is not concealed.
  194. There are upon the land which I have praised
    Two chiefs of powerful sway,
    Whose feats have protected many,
    O'Maenaigh794 and O'Muirgheasa795.

  195. p.275

  196. Lis Ladhghaill796, where the branch is purple,
    The youth O'Muirghesa obtained
    The head seat of the eastern district,
    Where the corn-fields are quick of growth.
  197. O'Dunchadha797 of the learned men obtained,
    As far as the beauteous stream of salmons798,
    Every book that speaks to us,
    As it behoveth advantage I mention.
  198. Let us pass into Cairbre of the battles,
    Let us leave this soil of the Hy-Fiachrach,
    Let us speak quickly of every side,
    Let us give each district to its chieftain.
  199. Let us speak quietly of their kings,
    Of the O'Mailcluithis799 of the becoming deeds,
    Of the plunders from the Hy-Niall in the east,
    To the heroes of Cairbre belong these acquisitions.
  200. O'Scannail800 of the sweet mouth obtained,
    By sway of the land we mention,


    A smooth land of most extensive tillage,
    Of the green land of Beinn Gulban801.
  201. Of Callraidhe Laithim802 of the swords
    O'Nuadhan803 obtained the land,
    A droppy, sandy, fine land,
    An angelic pure place of meetings.
  202. O'Ciardha804 obtained heavy profit
    Of the land of Cairbre, I conceal it not,
    For O'Ciardha of the yellow crops
    The fragrant tree was not slow in bearing.
  203. Of the dividend of the Hy-Fiachrach themselves
    Is the land of Cairbre of the level plains,


    But of the Hy-Neill is the lineage of the men805,
    Easy for poets to enumerate them.
  204. Though noble the race of the men,
    The Clann Cairbre of the flowery white mansions,
    Are under the steward of the western people806,
    Noble are their people from this high submission.
  205. From the Rodhba807 of prosperous course
    I have bravely pursued my career,
    To the Codhnach of winding current,
    Which serves the bovine crop808.
  206. Let us now return back
    To the kings of the Rath Durlais809,
    To afford knowledge to the race
    By the bright clear guide of genealogy.
  207. The place of the banquet810 in each powerful territory
    I shall name for the tribes of the smooth sod,


    Prominent in the line of each book
    Is this tribe, the best to strangers.
  208. Oileach of the kings811 west of the wave,
    Dumha Caechain812, as I sing,
    Prodigious the shadow of their corn-fields,
    Two beautiful forts over estuaries813.
  209. After my return from the cold Irrus
    I shall name the habitation of the great hosts,
    Dun Fine814 of the spear-armed troops
    Belongs to a tribe of numerous families.
  210. Raith Branduibh815 of the track of prosperity,
    The noble mansion of the arch-chieftain,
    Is the mansion seat of Conn's descendant816,
    A field where the fruit pods are yellow-bearded.
  211. Loch Deala817 not scarce of bushes,
    Inis Cua818 of the fair-spotted trouts.


    Are two other mansions of the tribe
    Who gave not strait refusal to strangers.
  212. Eanach Dubhain of the rapid ships819
    Is a banquetting place of the fair tribes,
    A very bright fort is mentioned here,
    District of sloes and apples.
  213. Dun mic Conchobhair820 of plunders,
    A mansion in which no false sentence was passed,
    Ichtar Ratha821 at which the sea is smooth,
    With a prosperous griffin of the princes.
  214. Dun Contreathan822 of the frothy waves,
    A mansion in which winy banquets are found,
    Is the banqueting hall of the plundering descendant of Conn,
    On the green of the wide-sodded land.
  215. The two Draighneachs823 of red colour,
    The wide mansion of the Hy-Fiachrach,


    Bun Fhinne824 is another habitation,
    A white wattled pile of hosts.
  216. Let us proceed, — may it be a prosperous journey, —
    After giving the genealogical ramifications,
    To the lord of Durlas825, with whom I am great,
    From the host who have ornamented us.
  217. I will obtain, as has each man,
    The fruits, by God's permission,
    Of having praised all his country,
    Fruits worthy of Conn and Conaire826.
  218. In the time of Tadhg, who refused not a man,
    O'Dubhda, who received obeisance,
    Than the kernels of the fragrant hazel nuts,
    Not larger were the apples of the apple trees827.

  219. p.287

  220. In thy time the floods have decreased828,
    O white-fingered tower of Maenmagh829,
    Every person by thy side is of heavy prosperity,
    Under thy steward in the land of Hy-Fiachrach.
  221. Fertility has come in the land
    In thy time, O ruddy face of brown eye-brows,
    As thou hast brought down every moistening shower830,
    Thou hast given milk to our milch-cows.
  222. O son of Domhnall831 of Dun Guaire832,
    Oft have we been relieved from distress
    By the rent of Ceara to us distributed,
    Which the trees and the soil confessed.833
  223. Oft is carried from thy palace,
    In the company of poets and saints,
    Cattle from the fort near Leamhach834
    By the fraternity of the arborous Buill835,

  224. p.289

  225. To Cruachan836 of the purple-berried trees
    Proceed in the track of thy ancestors,
    Pass thy time in the fort of Meadhbh837,
    Remove from that fort its dejection838.
  226. Every band of the literati that comes to the north,
    Whom thou invitest westwards across the old Muaidh,
    Brings a pledge from Ara of the plain of Murbhach839
    To the beauteous Tir Amhalgaidh840.
  227. Forsake not for Cruachan of the race of Conn,
    The plain of the Muaidh of the defensive forts,
    It would be a shame to neglect the cultivation of its fair plain
    While caring the plain of Cruachan.
  228. Though delightful is Cruachan of the plains,
    And Ceara841 of the full-grown bushes,
    It is better to dwell in the western land,
    The level soil of Maicnia's plain842.

  229. p.291

  230. The fort of Durlas843 of lasting fame
    Forsake not for the plain of Cruachan,
    The white-sheeted fort of soft trees
    Habitation of poets and bishops.
  231. To Durlas shouldst thou desire to go
    O son of Domhnall of the fort of Gailian844,
    Pursue the example of the kings before thee,
    O griffin of the battle-fort of Conaire.845
  232. There will be around thee rising out
    The chieftains of this land of Hy-Fiachrach,
    And the lord of this yonder country
    With whom thou mayest march into the land of strangers.
  233. To be alone is not hereditary to thee,
    O O'Dubhda of the fort of Cormac846!
    Thy people have satin under thy medes,
    A host the most ripe for poets.
  234. The chiefs of Ceara under thy bright aspect,
    The host of Irrus to urge the conflict,
    The Hy-Amhalgaidh, host of lances,
    Of the great Milesian Gamanradii847.

  235. p.293

  236. Should a host of strangers meet thee
    To contend for this island of Patrick's city848,
    That host would not recognize each other
    After encountering thee in battle.
  237. O son of Domhnall of the fort of Conn849,
    Thou art the heir of the daughter of Domhnall850;
    The fame of the two Domhnalls851 follow thee,
    Which will sustain thy blood in the conflict.
  238. Not more hereditary to thee is the plain of Muaidh,
    Than the land of the green-sided Tara,
    As is found by my school in their writings,
    And the region eastwards to the old Alps852.
  239. The race of Fiachra when rising out
    Under this king of the land of Hy-Fiachrach,
    Are a host dreaded by every tribe,
    The kine of Cruachan are obtained by their chief men.
  240. Let them proceed, — may it be a felicitous journey, —
    To Cruachan of the Clann Conchobhair853,
    His sway over Cruachan to enforce,
    In right of the heir of Tuathal Teachtmhar854.

  241. p.295

  242. He does not shrink from the spear of battle,
    The grandson of Brian855 of splendid aspect,
    In the field at the hour of valour,
    The host who recognize him are timid.
  243. In imitation of the kings before him,
    O'Dubhda, hero of the fort of Laeghaire856,
    Has his attention fixed on the house of Tuathal857,
    And on every town round Cruachan of fair hazels.
  244. The palm for beauty has his brunette-face won,
    And eke for valour and submission,
    He has got besides these acquirements
    The gift of recognition and eloquence.
  245. Cause of exaltation of mind
    For this lord, that he has stoutly contested
    A new smooth angle of the calm sea
    Along the green Tir Amhalgaidh858.
  246. The bards of the world will say
    To the heir of this land of saints,
    Sufficiently has he expended his wealth,
    It is great to exalt each goodness.
  247. The son of Domhnall of the fort of Meadhbh859,
    A manly great-faced hero,


    Has in profusion spent his wealth;
    That which is bestowed well is the most generously bestowed.
  248. Not more nobly do the learned of the race of Conn
    Panegyrize the good son of Domhnall,
    Than does the produce of the western country
    Praise that griffin of Gailian860.
  249. Had not Fearfeasa861 sung
    I would now sing the family tree
    For O'Dubhda, whose house is Tara,
    And his fair genealogical lineage.
  250. I have composed for this skin like the wave,
    For the just-judging heir of Domhnall,
    An account, of the constant inheritance of each man
    As far as the soft-feathered fort of Codhnach862.
  251. A noble queen of the race of Conn,
    The white-toothed daughter of O'Donnell863,
    Not small is the victory of the woman of Murbhach864
    From the beauty she received from the ollamhs865.

  252. p.299

  253. The daughter of O'Donnell of Derry866
    Is a branch of the regal lineage;
    The beauty of the women in the west under our chieftain
    Approach not the mien of Raghnailt.
  254. Many are the miracles of Mary867,
    Mother of Jesus of the yellow hair868,
    Who brought forth, without sorrow in her town;
    Great is her son in miracles.
  255. From the birth of Christ, who defended fame, i. e. character,
    Until this poem was proved,
    Are four hundred and one thousand fleeting years,
    Not false the age that is mentioned,
    And seventeen years869 without obscurity;
    Not obscure is the select flock870.

Here follow some of the chieftains of the O'Dubhdas, with the title which historical books give them, namely, the title of king, and though strange this appears at this day871, it was not so then among the Gaels according to their own laws at that time, and according to other nations also. Behold before the coming of the children of Israel to the land of promise, how there were thirty kings together in that country, and it not more than two hundred miles in


length and fifty miles in breadth. This country was called the Land of Canaan from Canan, son of Cam, son of Noah, afterwards the Land of Promise, because God had promised it to Abraham and his seed; Israel after that, from the children of Israel; Judaea, from the Jews; Palestine, from the Philistines; and the Holy Land, from the work of our salvation having been effected in it, and the birth and crucifixion of Christ.

Understand that it is the Annals of the deaths of the chiefs that are written down here, as follows:

Anno Christi, 983. Aodh O'Dubhda872, King of all North Connaught, died.

1005. Maolruanaidh873 O'Dubhda, King of Hy-Fiachrach of Muirsge [died].

1096. Muircheartach O'Dubhda874, King of Hy-Amhalgaidh, Hy-Fiachrach, and Ceara, was slain.

1126. Domhnall Fionn O'Dubhda875, King of Hy-Amhalgaidh, Hy-Fiachrach, and Ceara, was drowned as he was carrying off a prey from Tirconnell.

1143. Aodh, son of Muircheartach O'Dubhda876, King of Hy-Amhalgaidh, and the Northern Hy-Fiachrach [died].
Ruaidhri Mear877, son of Taithleach, son of Niall O'Dubhda, was King of the country extending from the Roba to the Codhnach.


1162. Cosnamhaigh878 O'Dubhda, heir apparent of Hy-Amhalgaidh, was slain.

1180. In this year departed Sadhbh879, daughter of Muirgheas, son of Tadhg O'Maoilruanaidh, and the wife of Taithleach O'Dubhda, who possessed the country extending from the Robhba to the Codhnach880.

1181. Cosnamhaigh, son of Cosnamhaigh881 O'Dubhda, heir apparent of the Hy-Amhalgaidh, was slain.

1213. Donnchadh O'Dubhda882 sailed with a fleet of fifty-six ships from the Insi Gall883, and landed on Inis Raithin884, one of the Insi Modh885, in Umhall886, and wrested his own land free of tribute from Cathal Croibhdhearg887 O'Conor.

1242. Brian Dearg O'Dubhda888, son of Donnchadh, King of Hy-Fiachrach, Hy-Amhalgaidh, and Iorrus, was slain.

1282. Taithleach, son of Maolruanaidh O'Dubhda889 King of Hy-Fiachrach and Hy-Amhalgaidh, was slain.


1291. Conchobhar Conallach890 O'Dubhda, lord of Hy-Fiachrach, was drowned in the Shannon.

1337. Donnchadh Mor O'Dubhda891, heir apparent to the throne of Hy-Fiachrach, died.

1350. William O'Dubhda, Bishop of Killala892, died.

1534. Brian O'Dubhda893, King of Hy-Fiachrach and Hy-Amhalgaidh, died in his own house after having been eighty-four [recte fifty-four] years in the lordship.

1380. Domhnall Clereach894, son of Brian O'Dubhda, King of Hy-Fiachrach and Hy-Amhalgaidh, died after a reign of thirty-six years.

1417. Ruaidhri895, son of Domhnall Clereach O'Dubhda, King of Hy-Fiachrach and Hy-Amhalgaidh, died at Dun Neill after a reign of thirty seven years.

1432. Tadhg Riabhach896 O'Dubhda, son of Domhnall Clereach King of Hy-Fiachrach, died at Esgir Abhann897 after a reign of fifteen years. The daughter of O'Malley was the mother of the aforesaid Ruaidhri and Tadhg.


Maolruanaidh898, son of Ruaidhri O'Dubhda, was lord of Tir Fiachrach for eighteen years. The daughter of Mac Costello was his mother. He was made O'Dubhda in the year 1432.

Domhnall of Baile Ui Choitil899, was O'Dubhda for seven years, and was made O'Dubhda in the year 1447.

Tadhg Buidhe900, son of Tadhg Riabhach, three years.

John Glas901, his brother, fourteen years.

Edmond, son of Cosnamhach902, half a year and five weeks.

Domhnall Ballach903, one year.

Brian Cam, son of Cosnamhach, two years904.

Eoghan Caoch905, son of Ruaidhri, fourteen years.

William, son of Domhnall Ballach906, half a year.

Brian Og907, half a year.

Donnchadh Ultach908 one year.

Maghnus, son of Tadhg Buidhe909, one year.


Felim, son of Tadhg Buidhe910, nineteen years.

Conchobhar, son of Diarmaid911 , son of Maolruanaidh, thirty years.

Eoghan, son of Conchobhar912, seven years.

Cathal Dubh, son of Conchobhar913.

Here follows a list of the Kings of Connaught of the Clann Fiachrach; for though I have given them already914, I wish to speak of them more fully here from the remains of other historians.

Fiachra, son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin915, was twelve years in the government of Connaught. After his brother Brian had been slain by the Lagenians, Fiachra had served in his place as general of battle to their other brother, namely, Niall of the Nine Hostages, King of Ireland; Fiachra went to exact the rents of King Niall into Munster; and the Momonians fought the battle of Caonraighe916 against Fiachra, in which battle he defeated them and took the hostages of Munster. Howbeit, Fiachra was wounded in that battle by Maighe Meascoradh, one of the Ernaans917, and he returned with the hostages triumph for Tara; but the Munster hostages acted treacherously


towards him, having found him unprotected in his sickness, and they buried him alive in the earth in Hy-Mac Uais, in Bregia918, and thus did he fall a victim!

Dathi, son of the aforesaid Fiachra919, assumed the chief governent of Connaught and of Ireland, in Connaught, for a period of twenty-three years, when he was killed at the mountain of the Alps by a flash of lightning.

Amhalgaidh, son of Fiachra920, son of Eochaidh Muighmheadhoin, the first of the Connaught kings who believed on the preaching of St. Patrick. Tir Amhalgaidh is named from him921. He was thirty-two years in the government of Connaught when he died well.

Oilioll Molt922, son of Dathi, son of Fiachra, was first, for twenty years in the kingdom of Connaught, and afterwards, twenty years more in the monarchy of Ireland. After this he was slain in the battle of Ocha, by Lughaidh, son of Laoghaire923 , Muircheartach924 mac Earca, Fergus Ceirrbheul, son of Conall Cremhthuinn925, and Fiachra Lonn, King of Dal Araidhe926.


Eoghan Beul, son of Ceallach, son of Oilioll Molt, was thirty years in the government of Connaught, when he fell in the battle of Sligeach927 by Fergus and Domhnall 928, two sons of Muircheartach Mac Earca.

Oilioll Ianbhanna929, or Anbhanna, son of Muireadhach, son of Eoghan Beul, son of Ceallach, son of Oilioll Molt, nine years, when he fell by Aodh, son of Eochaidh Tiormcharna, of the race of Brian, son of Eochaidh Minghmheadhoin.

Colman, son of Cobhthach930, son of Goibhnenn, son of Conall, son of Eoghan, son of Eochaidh Breac, son of Dathi, was twenty-one years in the government of Connaught, when he fell in the battle of Ceann Bugha931, by Raghallach, son of Uadach, son of Aodh.

Lairgneun, son of Colman932, son of Cobhthach, was seven years in the government of Connaught when he fell.

Guaire Aidhne, son of Colman933, son of Cobhthach, was thirteen


years in the government of Connaught when he died penitently, and was interred at Clonmacnoise with great honour and veneration.

Dunchadh Muirsge934, son of Tiobraide, son of Maolduin (or Maoldubh), son of Fiachra Ealgach, son of Dathi, son of Fiachra, was four years in the government of Connaught, when he fell in the battle of Corann by Fergus, lord of Cinel Cairbre.

Feargal of Aidhne935, son of Artghal, son of Guaire Aidhne, son of Colman, thirteen years, when he died.

Innreachtach, son of Dunchadh Muirsge936, son of Tiobraide, was two years in the government of Connaught, when he fell by Feargal, son of Loingseach, lord of Cinel Conaill, and by Feargal, son of Maolduin, lord of Cinel Eoghain.

Oilioll, son of Innreachtach937, son of Dunchadh Muirsge, was eight years in the government of Connaught when he died, after having spent a virtuous life.


Donncathaigh, son of Cathal938, son of Oilioll, son of Dunchadh Muirsge, fifteen years, when he died.

Flaithri, son of Domhnall939, of the race of Guaire, was four years in the government of Connaught, when he died penitently.

Another Flaithri940 was two years in the government of Connaught, when he resigned his kingdom for God, and went to Hy-Columbkille to apply himself to devotion, where he died on his pilgrimage victorious over the world and the devil. [See pages 259, 260 [of Duald Mac Firbis's genealogical book].

[Of the Clann Fiachrach aforesaid941, in ancient times, great was the prosperity of the kings and saints, as is obvious in this book, until strangers, and the Irish themselves942, attacked them, according to the righteous decrees of God, who hurls down from their kingly thrones the proud monarchs, who exercise their tyrannical power; according to the old saying, ‘the right of every one is according to his strength,’ by which they assume earthly glory and heavenly ingloriousness. An example of this is afforded by the ancestors of the Gaels, who were in ancient times at strife with their neighbours, when they took Alba from the Cruithni and the Britons943, and who


were not satisfied with this, without invading many other countries, as did Niall of the Nine Hostages944 and others, and also Dathi, son of Fiachra above mentioned, who invaded Alba, Britain, the country of the Gauls, i. e. France, &c., and as far as the mountain of the Alps945, for his triumphs are obvious to us at this day, as also his death and burial, as Torna Eigeas946, who lived in the time of Dathi, left written after him, and other learned men have, in successive ages, transmitted a memorial of the same. For it was Flann947 and Eochaidh Eolach O'Cerin948 that collected these things from the book of Eochaidh O'Flannagan949, at Armagh, and from the book of the Monastery950, and other choice books, such as the Yellow Book951, which was missed out of the prison at Armagh, and from the Leabhar Gearr952, which was at Mainister, and which the student carried with him by stealth over the sea, and was never discovered afterwards, &c.


I am Dubhaltach Mac Firbisigh, who transcribed these authorities from the hand-writing of Lughaidh O'Clery of the Contention953. It is no doubt a worldly lesson to consider how the Gaels were at this time conquering the countries far and near954, and that not one in a hundred of the Irish nobles, at this day, possesses as much of his land as he could be buried in955, though they expect it in this year, 1664956.

This is not the time or place of compiling this book, but this extract I have added some time after.]


Of the Welshmen of Hy-Amhalgaidh Mic Fiachrach

another extract here from the Books of the Clann Firbis

The Welshmen of Ireland were the Welsh White Knight957, who was the brother of William Fionn958 of Cill Comain959, who was called William Mor na Maighne960; Laighleisioch961, Clann an Fhailghe962; the Seoaigh963, of the west of Connaught; the Clann Heil964; the Mac Uighilins965 of the Ruta; the Mac Bhaillseachs966; the Baroideachs of Munster967; Mac Bhaitin Baired968, from whom are the Baireadachs of Tir Amhalgaidh; the Clann Toimin of


Iorrus969; the Clann Aindriu of Bac970; the Clann Ricin971, who descend from Ricin Og, son of Ricin; Toimilin, from whom are the Clan Toimilin972; Hosdegh, son of Membhric, from whom are the Clan Hosdegh973.

It was at the time of the arrival of the English974 in Ireland with


Diarmaid Mac Murchadha, King of Leinster, that the people aforesaid came to Ireland; they landed in Tir Amhalgaidh Mic Fiachrach now Tirawley, as did likewise some time after these four tribes, namely, Cisogachs975, Petits976, Brunachs977, and Murachs978, and these four tribes assayed to wrest the territory by force from the race of Fiachra; and another authority adds, that these tribes did wrest it from them.

William Fionn of Cill Comain (i. e. William Mor na Maighne) had been for a long time before this as a president over Tir Amhalgaidh guarding it. The natives of this territory remonstrated with this William about this oppression, and William sends letters to these strangers, telling them to desist from their evil deeds, and quit the country, or meet him in battle; the result was, that the great battle of Maighin979now Moyne was fought between them, in which the strangers i. e. new invaders were defeated, and in which fell the Ciosogach with many of his people980. Hence this William was called William Mor na Maighne. William afterwards attacks the place where a party of these strangers had a ward to defend the country, namely,


the great Court of Mileac of the lake981. He took the court from them982, drives them all from it, and then divides the territory between his own kinsmen; he gave to Mac Bhaitin Baired the court, and all the territory which his family have retained from that day till this, so that he, Mac Bhaitin, is chief and lord over them to this present time.

Another authority gives the name of William Mor Breathnach983 to the William aforesaid, by whom fell Cusack984 aforesaid, and states that when Caislen na Circe985 was erected by this William Mor Breathnach na Maighne he divided the country among kinsmen of his tribe. He gave, first, Gleann Oisdegh986 to Osdec Mac Meric987 (or


Membric); Gleann Nemhthenne988 to Ricin, and the Two Bacs989 to Sir Maigiu990 of Bac, from whom are the Clann Andrew Barrett. He gave the tract extending from Fearsad Tresi to Traigh Murbhaigh991 to Sir William Lawless, i. e. the Lawless992; and he committed the keeping and defence of the barony of Iorris [Erris] to Toimin and to Philip, or Philpin, the grandson of Toimin's brother, and of his race is Mac Philip, or Mac Philbin993, and from him the Clann Philip, or Philbin, are descended; and it is not to be supposed that he is the Philbin who is traced to the Burkes. Sir William Lawless, son of Robert, son of William, son of Nicholas, was the name of the Lawless to whom William Mor na Maighne994 gave this tract of land extending from Fearsad Tresi to Traigh Murbhaigh995.

Envious and ignorant people have said between themselves that the Clann Mac Robert are of the race of Domhnall Iorruis O'Conor996, but Mac Firbis, namely, James, son of Diarmaid997, says that they are


not, but that Robert, their ancestor, was the grandson of William, the son of William Mor na Maighne, and their inheritance lies along the Daoil998, in Tir Amhalgaidh.

Others say that this Clann Mac Robert, or Mac Herbert, is of the Herbeardachs (who are called Hearbardaigh), i. e. the Herberts of the county of Limerick.

From different fragments. The Carrunachs999 came to Ireland with the descendants of William the Conqueror1000 (understand Burk). The Lionoideachs1001 came to Ireland with the descendants of the Red Earl1002. Another authority says that the Carrunachs came with the descendants of William the Conqueror, and that they are of Saxon origin, while others say that they are of the race of Cathaoir Mor1003, and that they came with the Red Earl.

Another authority. Of the nobles who came from the East [England] with the descendants of William the Conqueror were the following, viz., Philip Mor, the son of Sir Bernard Sdondun1004 a quo Mac a Mhilidh1005 of Ceara, Walter Fitz Robert, Sir David Dulpin1006, Robert Baroid1007, Sir William Carrun. It is right to observe, that as there are Burc, Baired, and Carrun, in Connaught; there are Burc, Baroid, and Carrun, in Munster.

The cause of the coming of the Burkes to take possession of


lands in Tir Amhalgaidh. At one time when the Barretts had supremacy over Tir Amhalgaidh (as we have said), they sent their steward, who was called Sgornach bhuid bhearrtha1008, to exact rents from the Lynotts. The Lynotts killed this steward, and cast his body into a well called Tobar na Sgornaighe1009, near Garranard, to the west of the castle of Carns1010 in Tir Amhalgaidh. When the Barretts had received intelligence of this, they assembled their armed forces and attacked the Lynotts, and subdued them. And the Barretts gave the Lynotts their choice of two modes of punishment, namely, to have their men either blinded or emasculated; and the Lynotts, by advice of some of the elders among them, took the choice of being blinded, because blind men could propagate their species, whereas emasculated men could not. The Barretts then thrust needles into the eyes of the Lynotts, and accordingly as each man of them was blinded, they compelled him to cross over the stepping-stones of Clochan na n-dall, near Carns1011, to see if more or less of sight remained with them, and if any of them crossed the Clochan without stumbling he was taken back and re-blinded! Some time after this the Lynotts meditated how they could revenge their animosities on the Barretts, and the contrivance which occurred to their minds, — one derived from their ancestors1012, — was to procure a dalta1013 [i. e. an adopted son], from some powerful man of the Clann William Burke, who, previously to this period, had inhabited to the south of the mountain [Nephin]; or were seated in the territory lying southwards of the mountain and to this end Lynott fed a spirited horse which the Lynotts took with them to receive the adopted son, in order


that the Burke who should break that steed might be their adopted son. And thus they obtained Teaboid Maol Burke as an adopted son, who was afterwards killed by the Barretts1014. So that it was in eric for him that the Barretts gave up to the Burkes eighteen quarters of land1015; and the share which Lynott, the adopted father of Teaboid, asked of this eric was the distribution of the mulct, and the distribution he made of it was, that it should be divided throughout all Tir Amhalgaidh, in order that the Burkes might be stationed in every part of it as plagues to the Barretts, and to draw the country from them. And thus the Burkes came over the Barretts in Tir Amhalgaidh, and took nearly the whole of their lands from them; but at length the Saxon heretics of Oliver Cromwell took it from them all, in the year of our Lord 1652; so that now there is neither Barrett nor Burke, not to mention the Clann Fiachrach, in possession of any lands there.