Perinatal Mortality Surveillance
NPEC National Clinical Audit of Perinatal Mortality
Perinatal mortality is an important measure of obstetric and neonatal care. The World Health Organization defines perinatal mortality as the "number of stillbirths and deaths in the first week of life per 1,000 live births, the perinatal period commencing at 22 completed weeks of gestation and ending seven completed days after birth”.
Regular audit of perinatal mortality can identify modifiable risk factors which decrease the risk of perinatal death and which inform clinical practise. Over the past decades, the rate of perinatal mortality has decreased substantially in high-resource countries and has been partly attributed to the proliferation of regular perinatal mortality audit.
Thus, given the importance of such audit, the NPEC has provided an annual national assessment of perinatal mortality in Ireland from a clinical viewpoint since 2008. It has done so with the guidance and collaboration of the NPEC Perinatal Mortality Group, a specialist multidisciplinary group, having the aim to develop a comprehensive national audit system of perinatal mortality in Ireland from a clinical viewpoint.
The NPEC employs the Perinatal Mortality Notification Form to collect its clinical audit data. The form provides a robust framework for evaluating obstetric and neonatal practices. It can be completed electronically through the NPEC online database (https://npecdb.ucc.ie/PMD).
Perinatal Mortality Report 2012 (3,359kB)