Is an educational program designed to provide guidelines for pre-transport neonatal stabilisation. The purpose of the STABLE program is to help community based hospitals organize the care of the sick infant following resuscitation with a focus on Sugar, Temperature, Artificial breathing, Blood pressure, Lab work and Emotional support. Initially developed as a complement to NRP in a format that optimises the candidate's retention and to be used as a guide.
First introduced in the United States in May 1996, this program has rapidly grown in popularity with over 20,000 Learner participants worldwide to date.
Other countries where STABLE has been taught include Canada, the Bahamas, Guam, Cuba, Japan and Puerto Rico. The European premiere of this course was held in UCC in June 2000. Almost a dozen courses have been held since, in Cork Dublin Tralee, Sligo and Kilkenny. The first STABLE couse in Northern Ireland took place in June 2002 and the first in the UK was held in Middlesborough on 28th May, 2003.
The second component of newborn emergency care, which we introduced into Ireland, was the STABLE Programme. This programme, originally developed by Kristin Karlsen, in Salt Lake city, Utah, was the first neonatal outreach education program to focus exclusively on the post-resuscitation/pre transport stabilization care of sick newborns. This mnemonic-based resource, served as a concise guideline to organize the myriad of details and interventions necessary for stabilizing a sick infant. STABLE is an educational mnemonic that stands for Sugar, Temperature, Airway, Breathing, Laboratory and Emotional Support.
The program involves an eight-hour interactive didactic presentation by an expert in neonatal nursing or medicine. The Sugar section (Clickable link to sugar) covers intravenous therapy, including fluid rates, glucose monitoring, and the emergency management of hypoglycaemia. The Temperature section addresses the special temperature needs of infants and the detrimental effects of cold stress on infants. Artificial Breathing deals with respiratory distress in the newborn, the indication for intubation and ventilation, assisting with intubation and securing the endotracheal tube. The Blood pressure section teaches the recognition, evaluation and treatment of shock in the sick newborn. The Laboratory section deals with interpretation of laboratory investigations and the recognition and treatment of suspected infection in the newborn. In the Emotional Support section, we deal with the family's needs and reactions to the crisis surrounding the birth of a sick infant.
Evaluating respiratory distress
Indications for positive pressure ventilation and endotracheal intubation
Assisting with intubation
ET tube sizes
Location on chest x-ray
Evaluating for pneumothorax