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School of Mathematical Sciences PhD student wins SEFS Publication of the Year 2019

26 Feb 2019

SEFS PUBLICATION OF THE YEAR

 

Tian Mou was a recent winner of the SEFS Publication of the Year for her co-authored paper

“The Gamma Characteristic of Reconstructed PET Images: Implications for ROI Analysis”. Tian is currently a Postdoc Researcher in the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. The College of SEFS will be hosting an awards ceremony on the 28th March in the Aula Maxima where the winners will be presented with an award in recognition of their contribution to Scientific Publications.

 

 

Tian

 

 (Tian Mou-Pictured at her PhD Graduation)

 

 

 

Abstract

The basic emission process associated with positron emission tomography (PET) imaging is Poisson in nature. Reconstructed images inherit some aspects of this-regional variability is typically proportional to the regional mean. Iterative reconstruction using expectation-maximization (EM), widely used in clinical imaging now, imposes positivity constraints that impact noise properties. This paper is motivated by the analysis of data from a physical phantom study of a PET/CT scanner in routine clinical use. Both traditional filtered back-projection (FBP) and EM reconstructions of the images are considered. FBP images are quite Gaussian, but the EM reconstructions exhibit Gamma-like skewness. The Gamma structure has implications for how reconstructed PET images might be processed statistically. Post-reconstruction inference-model fitting and diagnostics for regions of interest are of particular interest. Although the relevant Gamma parameterization is not within the framework of generalized linear models (GLM), iteratively re-weighted least squares (IRLS) techniques, which are often used to find the maximum likelihood estimates of a GLM, can be adapted for analysis in this setting. This paper highlights the use of a Gamma-based probability transform in producing normalized residuals as model diagnostics. The approach is demonstrated for quality assurance analyses associated with physical phantom studies-recovering estimates of local bias and variance characteristics in an operational scanner. Numerical simulations show that when the Gamma assumption is reasonable, gains in efficiency are obtained. This paper shows that the adaptation of standard analysis methods to accommodate the Gamma structure is straightforward and beneficial

 

To access the full paper please see the following link:

 

https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8119532

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