Medicine and Health
Current Status of Suicide Prevention Internationally
This lecture will provide a global overview of suicide prevention activities and national programmes, with a specific focus on outcomes of a global survey conducted by IASP and WHO.
This lecture will provide a global overview of suicide prevention activities and national programmes, with a specific focus on outcomes of a global survey conducted by IASP and WHO. Information was obtained on the presence, development (plans) and evaluations of suicide prevention strategies, funding and other resources, and specific suicide prevention activities, surveillance of suicide and attempted suicide, and legal status of suicide. In nearly two thirds of the responding countries, suicide was perceived to be a significant public health concern. In one third of the countries a comprehensive national strategy or action plan was adopted by the government. A unique contribution of this survey was that for some regions across the world, such as the Eastern Mediterranean and African Region, where previously information on suicide prevention activities was limited or absent, new information was obtained. Nearly two years after the publication of the WHO Report: Suicide Prevention: A Global Imperative (WHO, 2014), pro- active steps have been taken towards developing a national suicide prevention strategy in countries that face major political and socio-economic challenges, including Afghanistan. Challenges in developing and implementing national suicide prevention programmes include criminalisation of suicide (24 countries), insufficient resources, ineffective co- ordination, lack of enforcement of guidelines, limited access to surveillance data on suicide and attempted suicide/self-harm), and lack of independent evaluations.
There is also a need for greater attention to the content of national suicide prevention programmes, in particular the rationale for the selection and prioritisation of components and evidence based actions. Even though a growing a number of countries have implemented (fully or partly) a national suicide prevention programme, in many countries the area of suicide prevention needs to be prioritised by Health Ministers, policy makers and relevant stakeholders. The number of national suicide prevention programmes that have been evaluated is limited. Therefore, a more integrative approach towards implementation and evaluation should be adopted. The lecture will also look at suicide prevention in an Irish context, with particular focus on Ireland’s National Strategy to Reduce Suicide 2015-2020, Connecting for life.
|Category:||Public Lectures and Seminars: Medicine and Health|
|Time:||1.10pm - 2.00pm|
|Location:||Room 405, 4th Floor, Western Gateway Building|
|Target Audience:||All welcome|
|Admission Price: €||Free|