In the late 1990’s, the Departments of Anatomy, Biochemistry, Microbiology and Physiology through a joint initiative put together the vision for biosciences at UCC, which resulted in the formation of the Biosciences Institute. This was in line with the UCC research strategy of establishing major centre’s of excellence in targeted areas. This initiative was built on through successive rounds of external and internal funding. Built in 2002, the current Biosciences Institute is funded under the Programme for Research in Third Level Institutions (PRTLI), administered by the Higher Education Authority (HEA). A number of research groups from several departments in the biomedical and life sciences disciplines are located in the Institute. The Biosciences Institute covers a total area of over approximately 6,000 sq metres that is physically linked with the adjacent Science/Food Science Building and the Cavanagh Building that houses the School of Pharmacy and the Analytical and Biological Chemistry Research Facility. Further expansion is envisaged with additional space earmarked for life science research in the Western Gateway Building . In 2009 the School of Life Sciences was formed and it integrated the teaching programmes and research from the departments of Anatomy, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Physiology and Pharmacology and Therapeutics, embedded within the College of Science, Engineering and Food Science and the College of Medicine and Health.