Luigh-Ith,1 i. e. Ith was smaller than his father, for Ith was the name of each of them; and these are the tribe of the Gaeidhil that are not of the sons of Milidh,2 nor of the Tuatha De Danann,3 nor of the Fir-Bolg,4 nor yet of the Clann-Neimhidh;5 and it may be said that their invasion is not of the seven invasions,6 for Ith was the first of the Gaeidhil that discovered Eire,7 and it was through him that the sons of Milidh came to inhabit therein, and widely did his Ith's tribe after him spread throughout Eire8 and Alba.9 For it is boasted
p.5that Maccon10 obtained sway over the world, and it is certain that he conquered the west of Europe without doubt, i. e. Alba, France, Saxonland, and the Island of Britain. And it is boasted concerning Daire Sirchreachtach11 that he obtained sway over all the west of Europe; and some of the learned say that he won the whole world. It is stated that Fathadh Canann12 obtained the government of the whole world from the rising to the setting sun, and (if it be true) that he took hostages of the streams, the birds, and the languages. And five kings of this tribe took the kingdom of Ireland without doubt, namely, Eochaidh Opthach,13 Eochaidh Eadghothach,14 Maccon,15 and the two Fathadhs,
p.7namely, Fathadh Airctheach and Fathadh Cairptheach.16 And of them was Dunghalach Deabhthach,17 that is, the man of the general war between Leath-Chuinn and Leath-Mhogha; and Lughaidh Mal,18 the Royal Champion, who won [that part of] the world from Breatain- Leatha19 to Lochlann20 and from Innse h-Orc21 to Spain, and who fought the battle of Carn-Mail in Muirtheimhne22 against the Race of Ir, son of Milidh, the Race of Eibhear, and the Race of Eireamhon, and this great battle was gained by Lughaidh Mal, and it is said that he [then] took the sovereignty of all Eire [Ireland.] And of them was Eochaidh Ceannmhairc,23 king of Munster. And not this alone, but they possessed Munster alternately from the time of Daire and Dergtheneadh to the time of Oilill Olum24 and Maicniadh. And the three kings of them, whom we have mentioned before, assumed the sovereignty of Eire, after Oilill Olum had violated the conditions of the joint sovereignty and covenant against Maicniadh, namely, Maccon and the two Fathadhs. Widely did their tribes extend throughout Ireland. For of them are the Dartraidhe;25 the Calraidhe Luirg; the Calraidhe of Caladh; the Calraidhe of Inis Nisc; the Calraidhe of Magh-Muirisc in Ui-Amhalghadha; the Corca-Oirche; the Corca
p.9Laidhe North and South, East and West; and Laighis-h-Ua n-Eneachlais in Cualann; and also the Dal-Mesincorb in Laighin; and of them are the Cascraidhe in the Deise-Mumhan; and of them was Daniel son of Fathadh.