Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition: E660001-001
Act of Settlement  and Act of Explanation 
Author: King Charles II
Background details and bibliographic information
File DescriptionR. B. McDowell
Funded by University College, Cork and
Writers of Ireland II Project
1. First draft, revised and corrected.
Electronic edition compiled by Beatrix Färber and Benjamin Hazard
Extent of text: 6,430 words
CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts: a project of University College, Cork
College Road, Cork, Irelandhttp://www.ucc.ie/celt (2007)
Distributed by CELT online at University College, Cork, Ireland.
Text ID Number: E660001-001
The electronic edition has been made available with the kind permission of the editor.
Available with prior consent of the CELT programme for purposes of academic research and teaching only.
After the Commonwealth forces conquered Ireland, the policy of confiscation and plantation initiated by the act of 1641 was implemented. By an Act for the settling of Ireland (1652), many protestant and nearly all the catholic landowners, graded according to their guilt in the eyes of parliament, had lost all or a portion of their estates. By the Act for satisfaction (1653), the lands so secured, were divided amongst the soldiers and adventurers. (For the text of these two ordinances see C. H. Firth and R. S. Rait, Acts and ordinances of the interregnum (1642-60), ii. 598603, 72253.) The restoration of 1660 was welcomed by all the Irish parties, each of which could claim that it had at some period supported the royal authority or the British cause. The new government's land policy was embodied in the act of settlement. This measure was soon found to be unworkable since there was not sufficient land to satisfy all the claims based on it. In consequence it was amended three years later by the Act of explanation (1665). By the provisions of this latter act the various protestant interests lost one third of their claims, while all unheard catholic petitioners were debarred from bringing their cases before the court of claims. (For an account of the land policy of the Commonwealth and the Restoration see R. Dunlop, Ireland under the Commonwealth (Manchester 1913), i, preface, and W. F. T. Butler, Confiscation in Irish history (London 1918), chapters V and VI.) [Curtis & McDowell, Irish Historical Documents 11721922, p. 159].
- [Irish Statutes] A collection of all the statutes now in use in the kingdom of Ireland, with notes in the margin [1310-1666]: and a continuation of the statutes made in the reign of the late King Charles the First of ever blessed memory; and likewise the Acts of Settlement and Explanation, with the rest of the acts made in the reign of His Majestie that now is, Charles the Second by the grace of God of England, Scotland, France and Ireland king, to the dissolution of the Parliament, the seventh of August, 1666 ; as also a necessary table or kalendar to the whole work, expressing in titles the principal matter therein contained, for the ease and advantage of the reader. Dublin: Printed by Benjamin Tooke, printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty, 1678.
- Andrew Vance, The Irish Statutes: a collection of the principal reported decisions at law and in equity on the Irish Statutes ... (Dublin 1862), vol. 2, 239348.
- See http://multitext.ucc.ie/d/The_Act_of_Settlement_1662.
- Online Bibliography Irish History Online Project, at http://www.irishhistoryonline.ie/.
Further Reading: a Selection
- Acts and ordinances of the interregnum (1642-60), collected and edited by C.H. Firth and R.S. Rait. London: H.M. Stationery Office, 1911. (3 volumes.) Volume 2: Acts and ordinances from 9th February, 1649 to 16th March, 1660; see 598603, 72253.
- Ireland under the Commonwealth: being a selection of documents relating to the government of Ireland from 1651-1659, edited by Robert Dunlop. Manchester: Manchester University Press. 1913. (2 volumes.) Volume 1.
- William Francis Thomas Butler, Confiscation in Irish history (Dublin 1917, London 1918), reprinted 1970 (Kennikat Press).
- R. B. McDowell, 'The problem of religious dissent in Ireland, 1660-1740'. Bulletin, Irish Committee of Historical Sciences 40 (1945).
- Jane H. Ohlmeyer, Civil war and restoration in the three Stuart kingdoms: the career of Randal MacDonnell, marquis of Antrim, 1609-1683. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1993.)
- Jane H. Ohlmeyer (ed.), Ireland from independence to occupation 1641-1660 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1995).
- Jane H. Ohlmeyer 'The civil wars in Ireland'. In: John Philipps Kenyon; Jane H. Ohlmeyer (eds.), The civil wars: a military history of England, Scotland, and Ireland 1638-1660 (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1998) 73-102.
- Micheál Ó Siochrú, Confederate Ireland 16421649: a constitutional and political analysis. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 1998.
- Jane H. Ohlmeyer (ed.). Political thought in seventeenth-century Ireland: kingdom or colony. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press in association with the Folger Institute, Washington, DC, 2000.
- Pádraig Lenihan, Confederate Catholics at War 164149, Cork: Cork University Press, 2001.
The edition used in the digital edition
- Irish Historical Documents 11721922. Edmund Curtis and R. B. McDowell (ed), First [1 volume; ix + 311 pp] Barnes & NobleLondon and New York (1943; reprinted 1968)
CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts
This text covers pp. 159169. The editor has omitted some sections, in full or in part, in the hard copy, which is reflected in the section numbering.
Text has been proofed twice and parsed using NSGMLS.
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There is no direct speech.
When a hyphenated word (and subsequent punctuation mark) crosses a line break, the break is marked after the completion of the hyphenated word.
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Created: By King Charles II
Date range: 1662-1665.
Use of language
Language: [EN] The text has been rendered in Modern English.