Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1433


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1433. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred thirty-three.


A great war broke out between the Kinel-Owen and the Kinel-Connell; and O'Donnell (Niall Garv, the son of Turlough an Fhina) marched with his forces into Duibhthrian to assist Mac Quillin. O'Neill, i.e. Owen, set out with a great army in pursuit of O'Donnell and Mac Quillin; and Mac Donnell of Scotland arrived at the same time with a large fleet, and went to where O'Neill was, to aid him. The Scots proceeded to attack the creaghts of Mac Quillin and of Robert Savadge, worsted them, and caused great slaughter and loss of men upon Mac Quillin and Robert; and those that made their escape from the territory of Duibhthrian were almost all cut off at the Pass of Newcastle.


O'Neill, Henry his son, and Mac Donnell, afterwards went to Ardglas, which they burned; and Mac Donnell and his Scots afterwards went in their ships from Ardglas to Inishowen, while O'Neill marched by land to meet them, with intent to plunder Tirconnell. Naghtan O'Donnell and the daughter of O'Conor Faly, the wife of O'Donnell, and the sons of the chieftains of Tirconnell, repaired to Inishowen to meet them; and they made peace with O'Neill, without leave from O'Donnell.



In the meanwhile O'Donnell and Mac Quillin went to the English of Meath, to make a treaty of alliance and friendship with them and the deputy of the King of England. They led a great army to Machaire-Ardamacha, and the English attacked the monastery, but afterwards returned without gaining any strength by that expedition. O'Donnell then proceeded round through Meath, west to Athlone, from thence into Hy-Many, and afterwards across Machaire Chonnacht, to Mac Dermot of Moylurg and O'Rourke (Teige, son of Tiernan). O'Rourke went with him over the River Erne; and O'Neill and Maguire came to Cael Uisge to meet O'Donnell; and they concluded a charitable peace with one another. The English of Machaire Oirghiall entertained Mac Quillin among them, after he had been banished by O'Neill.


Egneaghan O'DonneIl (the son of Turlough) went to take a prey from his brother, Donough na Coille O'Donnell; but Donough followed in pursuit of the prey, and slew Egneaghan at Bel-atha-Caelain.


A war broke out between Mac Rannall of the Moy and the sons of Melaghlin. The sons of Melaghlin took the sons of Mahon Mac Cabe into their pay to assist them; and they made an incursion into the Moy, and burned the town of Cathal Mac Rannall. But on leaving the town they were overtaken by a strong body of troops; and the sons of Mahon Mac Cabe being in the rear, three of them, Ross, Donough, and Brian, were slain on the spot, together with many other persons. Rory, their eldest brother, was taken prisoner, and he half dead; but Turlough, who was the fifth son, and whose mother was Una, the daughter of John O'Reilly, escaped.


Mac Manus Maguire, i.e. Cathal, who kept a house of general hospitality, died; and his son, Cathal, was installed in his place by O'Neill and Maguire.


Cathal Duv, the son of O'Conor Roe, died.



Two general invitations of hospitality were given to the colleges and professional men by Margaret, the daughter of O'Carroll, and wife of O'Conor Faly (Calvagh).


There was a famine in the Summer of this year, called, for a very long time afterwards, Samhra na mear-aithne, because no one used to recognize friend or relative, in consequence of the greatness of the famine.


O'Kane, i.e. Godfrey, the son of Cooey, died.


Mac Namara, i.e. Maccon Ceann-Mor, Chief of Clann-Cuilein, died.


Mac Quillin was banished by the sons of Mac-I-Neill Boy from his own territory, and he took shelter in Ard-Uladh, with Savadge.

Annal M1434


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1434. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred thirty-four.


Felim, the son of Mahon O'Loughlin, Bishop of Kilfenora, died.


A war arose between O'Donnell (i.e. Niall) and his brother Naghtan, in consequence of the death of Egneaghan O'Donnell. Many depredations were committed, and many lives were lost in the contests between them; and Naghtan went over to the sons of Donnell, the son of Murtough O'Conor of Sligo. O'Donnell took a prey in the Moy (Maghene), and in the territory of Carbury, from the sons of Donnell, son of Murtough, and from Naghtan; and Naghtan and Brian, son of Donnell, with the other sons of Donnell, in revenge of the taking of this prey, made an incursion into the Moy, and into Tirhugh, where they burned houses, and seized inanimate spoils, and numbers of small cattle. Naghtan went a second time into Tirconnell, and committed depredations on Conor, the son of O'Donnell; and Conor in return made an incursion into Carbury, and plundered the whole territory.


The same war was continued between O'Donnell and Naghtan; and the latter went to Mac Quillin and Brian Oge O'Neill, to induce them to declare war against O'Donnell. O'Donnell and O'Neill attacked Naghtan's castle,


namely, Caislen-na-Finne, and continued to besiege it for some time, but were, nevertheless, unable to take it.


Lucas O'Leannain, Prior of Lisgool, and Matthew O'Conghaile, Erenagh of Rossory, died.


O'Neill (i.e. Owen) and O'Donnell (i.e. Niall), with the whole forces of the province, marched to Meath to destroy and plunder the English there. The English of Traigh-Bhaile Dundalk came to O'Neill, and paid him his rent, and gave him also many articles of value; and O'Neill and O'Donnell then proceeded to set fire to Machaire-Oirghiall.


In the meanwhile the sons of O'Neill Henry and Hugh went to burn the fortresses in the possession of some of the English; and while they were engaged in this work of conflagration, they observed nothing of danger until the King's Deputy came up to them with his forces. The sons of O'Neill, Henry and Hugh, then sent their people before them, while they themselves covered the retreat, and thus they escaped, none of their men being killed or harmed.


O'Donnell and his son, Turlough, heir to the lordship of Tirconnell, and Mac Cawell, went in search of plunder and booty in another direction; and their evil fortune brought them into collision with a large body of English cavalry, who surrounded them. They contended with them for a long time, until Turlough O'Donnell, Mac Cawell, Hugh Mac-an-Easpuig Mac Cawell, and many others, were slain (and this was on the day after Michaelmas). After the loss of his people, O'Donnell was taken prisoner, and delivered up to the son of John Stanley, the King's Deputy, who had shortly before arrived in


Ireland, and who sent him to be imprisoned in Dublin. The son of Manus, Caech O'Donnell, was taken along with him on this occasion.


O'Rourke, i.e. Teige, son of Tiernan, died.


Donn Cahanagh Maguire died.


O'Byrne, i.e. Donough, died.


Mac Conmidhe (Maelisa), Ollav and Chief Poet to O'Neill, and Mac Curtin (i.e. Sencha Mac Curtin), Ollav of Thomond in history, and a man generally skilled in each art, died.


Dermot, the son of Murtough Garv O'Shaughnessy, was killed by his own horse, as he was being shod.


O'Kelly, Mac Dermot, and Teige, the son of O'Conor Roe, set out to attack Ballintober; and a battle was fought between them and the people of that town, in which many were wounded, both within and without the town. One of the party who were without took a chip from the end of a wattle which he held in his hand, and, having tied this chip to the end of the wattle, he set fire to it, and then cast the wattle into the bawn. It stuck in the side of a house, which caught fire, and was burned, as was the adjoining house, and finally the greater part of the town. The bawn was also burned, and a vast deal of every kind of property which was in the town was destroyed and consumed on this occasion.

Annal M1435


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1435. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred thirty-five.


The Red Bishop O'Hara, Bishop of Achonry, died.


O'Donnell (Niall Garv) was taken to London.


An unusual frost and ice occurred in this year, so that people used to traverse the lakes and rivers of Ireland on the solid ice.



O'Farrell, Donnell, son of John, Chief of Muintir-Annaly, died.


Bran O'Byrne, heir to the lordship of Crioch-Branach, died.


O'Neill proceeded with an army into Fermanagh, and pitched his camp at Craev-Ua-bh-Fuadachain, where he remained three nights and days. The inhabitants of Fermanagh sent their cattle and all their moveables westward across Lough Erne; and it was not in boats that they conveyed them, but over the ice, which was then so great that steeds and horses carrying burdens were wont to cross the lake upon it. Maguire mustered an army to oppose O'Neill, but afterwards made peace with him, and joined him. O'Neill then proceeded with his forces into Tirconnell, burned and plundered a great part of it, and slew John, the son of Donnell, by a shot of a javelin, and then returned home in triumph.


Donnell, the son of Owen Mac Carthy, a general supporter of the poor and the destitute, was slain by Teige, the son of Cormac, son of Dermot Mac Carthy.


Donn, the son of Cuconnaught Maguire, died in canonical orders at Clones, after the victory of penance, having some time before retired from the world, for the love of the Lord.


Brian Oge O'Neill and Naghtan O'Donnell united to make war on O'Neill (Owen) and his sons, Henry and Owen; and O'Neill and his sons set out with their creaghts for Kinel-Moen, to oppose Naghtan and Brian, and did not halt until they pitched their camp in the Rasa. As soon as Naghtan and Brian Oge heard of this, they expeditiously collected their forces together, for the purpose of making an attack on O'Neill's camp; and they did not halt on their course until they arrived at the camp in which O'Neill was, where they made battle, and dislodged O'Neill from his camp, remaining in it themselves.


Now O'Neill, his sons, and Mac Donnell Galloglagh, felt shame and disgrace at their expulsion from the position in which they were fortified; and the resolution they adopted, at the request and solicitation of Henry O'Neill, was, that they should attack the camp, and use their boldest exertions to re-take


it. Henry's exciting exhortation had great effect upon the minds of the youths, and they attacked the camp vigorously, silently, and fiercely, Henry being the foremost in the van, until they made their way into the very centre of their enemies. Mac Donnell Galloglagh and Mac Sweeny Fanad then came to an engagement, in which heroes were mangled and slaughtered between them on both sides; and such was the confusion that prevailed, owing to the darkness of the night, and the closeness of the combatants to each other, that friend could not be distinguished from foe. Sparks of fire flashed from the helmets of the heroes and the armour of the champions. Hugh O'Neill and Brian O'Neill came to a personal rencounter with each other; and Hugh made a thrust of his spear at Brian, and wounded him severely, after which Brian and Naghtan withdrew from the contest, and left their gallowglasses behind them. When Mac Sweeny the leader of the gallowglasses perceived that Naghtan and Brian Oge had gone away from him, he sent his people before him, and remained himself in the rear to cover their retreat, and left the place without O'Neill's knowledge; but when Henry and his kinsmen observed this, they pursued Mac Sweeny to Slieve Truim, and there defeated him, and took himself and many of his people prisoners. O'Neill was victorious on this expedition.


Naghtan O'Donnell had given the castle of Ballyshannon to Brian Oge O'Neill, on his having consented to assist him in his war with O'Neill. Brian afterwards acted traitorously towards Naghtan, for he went to O'Neill without Naghtan's permission, and left his warders in the castle of Ballyshannon. As soon as Brian made his appearance before O'Neill, he was taken prisoner by him, and one of his feet and one of his hands were cut off; his two sons were also maimed in the same manner, and one of them immediately died.


O'Gara was slain by his own kinsmen, on Inis bolg, an island in Loch Techet.


Donnell, the son of Farrell Caech O'Hara, was slain by the son of Manus, the son of Dermot Mac Donough.


O'Rourke's castle was taken, by Donough Bacagh O'Rourke, from the sons


of Teige O'Rourke. Depredations were afterwards committed by the sons of Tiernan O'Rourke upon Donough Bacagh, at Coill-an-anma.


Loughlin, the son of Teige O'Rourke, was nominated the O'Rourke.


Naghtan O'Donnell committed great depredations on O'Neill.


The son of Brian Oge, son of Henry O'Neill, made a predatory incursion into Tirhugh; but some of the household of O'Donnell (Niall) overtook him, despoiled him of the prey, took himself prisoner, and slew a great number of his people.


O'Donnellan, Cormac, son of Melaghlin; O'Higgin, Donnell Bacagh; and Carbry O'Cuirnin, died.


Mac Wattin, i.e. Robert Barrett, Lord of Tirawly, a charitable, humane, and truly hospitable man, who had protected his patrimonial territory in despite of the English of Connaught, died.

Annal M1436


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1436. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred thirty-six.


A great war was waged by O'Conor Faly against the English, during which he did much injury by burning, plundering, and slaying, to revenge O'Donnell, his relative by marriage, whom the English had in confinement.


Niall, the son of Owen O'Neill, was slain, together with many of his people, in a contest in his own house, by the Clann-Kenna of Trough, assisted by the sons of Henry O'Neill and the people of Oriel.


Conor, the son of John 0'Reilly, i.e. the son of the Lord of Breifny, a truly hospitable man, died.


The Crannog of Loch-Laoghaire was taken by the sons of Brian O'Neill. O'Neill and Henry came to the Lough, and sent messengers to Maguire, Thomas Oge, on whose arrival they set about constructing vessels, to land on the Crannog, in which the sons of Brian Oge then were; but these on perceiving their intentions came to the resolution of giving up the Crannog to O'Neill,


and made peace with him. O'Neill and Maguire then made an incursion into Tirhugh, where they committed many depredations, obtained great spoils, and killed many persons; after which they returned home.


Murrough, the son of Cormac Mac Donough, heir to the lordship of Tirerrill, died.


An incursion was made by the sons of Mac Donough and the sons of Tomaltagh Oge Mac Donough into Cuil O'bh-Finn, against O'Gara and Teige Mac Donough; but the sons of Mac Donough were routed, and seven of them killed, together with Conor Cam O'Gara, who had some time before treacherously slain his own brother, O'Gara.


Manus Roe, the son of Melaghlin, who was son of Flaherty O'Rourke, died.


Gilla-Isa Mac Egan, Ollav to Mac Wattin in law, a pious, charitable, and humane man, and the superintendent of schools of jurisprudence and poetry, died.


Geanann Mac Curtin, intended Ollav of Thomond in history, was drowned. There was not in Leth-Mogha in his time a better materies of a historian than he.

Annal M1437


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1437. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred thirty-seven.


The Archbishop of Connaught i.e. of Tuam died. He was of the Clann-Feorais.


A peace was made between O'Donnell and Naghtan O'Donnell.


An incursion was made by Conor O'Donnell against the son of Naghtan O'Donnell, on which occasion the two sons of Owen Roe Mac Sweeny, and numbers of others, were slain.


A war broke out between Cahir O'Conor, brother of O'Conor Faly, and O'Conor Faly himself. Cahir went over to the English, whom he afterwards brought into Offaly, and burned the town of Dermot O'Conor, and other towns besides; and he killed and wounded many persons.



O'Conor Faly carried on a great war against the English, during which he committed many depredations, and slew many persons.


Henry O'Ryan, Lord of Idrone, died.


Mac Costello (Edmond of the Plain) died.


A great war broke out between Mac Mahon and Manus Mac Mahon. Manus went over to O'Neill and his sons, and Mac Mahon went over to the English.


A great war broke out between O'Neill and Brian Oge O'Neill.


Melaghlin O'Mulconry died.


Giollapatrick, the son of Conor O'Carmaic, died.

Annal M1438


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1438. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred thirty-eight.


O'Gallagher, i.e. Loughlin, Bishop of Raphoe, died.


The Prior of Kilmainham died. He was grandson of the Earl of Kildare.


The Abbot of Cill-na-manach and Nicholas O'Maonaigh O'Meeny, Vicar of Caislen-mic-Conchubhair, both died of the plague.


Donough na Coille O'Donnell was slain by Conor Don O'Donnell in Tir-Enda, after he had plundered that territory.


Cahir O'Doherty died.


Philip Maguire was taken prisoner by Maguire.



Conor, the son of Murtough O'Dowda,Lord of the Clann-Donough O'Dowda, was treacherously slain by his own kinsmen, i.e. by Taichleach, the son of Cormac, son of Donough O'Dowda; Rory, the son of Taichleach; and Loughlin, the grandson of Loughlin O'Dowda; and Henry Barrett. And three of Conor's sons were slain along with him on the same night.


William, the son of Rory O'Dowda, died.


O'Conor Faly continued to wage war with the English of Meath, in revenge of O'Donnell.


The son of Mac Clancy, Henry Ballagh, was slain by a party of the inhabitants of Fermanagh, at the town of Brian O'Higgin, in Magh-Ene.


John, the son of Edmund Burke, died of galar breac small-pox.


William Barrett, i.e. the son of Mac Wattin, died.


William, the son of John Burke, died in his own house.


Peace was made between the two brothers, O'Conor Faly and Cathaoir O'Conor.


O'Brien, i.e. Teige, the son of Brian O'Brien, was deposed by his brother Mahon, who was thereupon styled the O'Brien.


The son of Mac Feorais (Bermingham), i.e. Richard, died.


Jordan, the son of John Mac Costello, died.


O'Clumain, Chief Poet to O'Hara, died.


Donough, the son of Siry O'Cuirnin, a learned historian; O'Daly of Breifny, Chief Poet to O'Reilly; and Conor Mac Egan, Ollav of Clanrickard in law, died.

Annal M1439


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1439. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred thirty-nine.


A Justiciary, i e. a Deputy of the King of England, came to Ireland, and was taken prisoner by Cahir, son of O'Conor Faly; but after remaining for some time in custody, he was ransomed by the English of Dublin, who gave the son of Plunket up to Cahir in his stead.



O'Donnell (Niall) was taken to the Isle of Mann, that he might be ransomed from the English; and one hundred marks were paid for information of the price of his ransom.


O'Donnell (Niall Garv) died in the Isle of Mann in captivity. He was the chosen hostage of Kinel-Connell and Kinel-Owen, and of all the North of Ireland, and the chief theme of conversation in Leth-Chuinn during his time, the harasser and destroyer of the English (until they took revenge for all that he had committed against them), and the protector and defender of his tribe against such of the English and Irish as were opposed to him, both before and after he assumed the lordship. Naghtan O'Donnell, his brother, was installed in his place.


Maguire was taken prisoner in his own town by Donnell Ballagh Maguire; and Philip Maguire was on the same day set at liberty by Donnell; and the fetters with which Philip had been bound were made use of to bind Maguire himself, in his own house. As soon as Henry O'Neill heard that Maguire was a prisoner, he assembled his forces, and marched to Port-abhla-Faelain against Philip and Donnell, by whom Maguire was there held in detention. Maguire was then liberated; and in his stead hostages were delivered up, namely, his own son, Edmond Maguire, and the daughter of Mageoghegan, Maguire's wife, with others besides; and the castle of Enniskillen was given up to Donnell Ballagh Maguire on that occasion.


Teige Caech, the son of Hugh, son of Philip na Tuaighe Maguire, died.


Feradhach, son of Donn, son of Cuconnaught Maguire, was slain by the Orielians.


Henry Roe, son of Brian Mac Gillafinnen, Chief of Muintir-Pheodachain, died.


More, daughter of Hugh Magauran, and wife of Brian Mac Manus, died.


O'Conor of Connaught, i.e. the King of Connaught (Cathal, son of Rory), died on the 19th of March; and Teige, the son of O'Conor Roe, was then called the O'Conor by the descendants of Felim, while Hugh, the son of O'Conor Don, was called the O'Conor by Brian, son of Donnell Mac Murtough O'Conor Sligo, in consequence of which a war broke out in Machaire-Chonnacht


immediately afterwards between the grandsons of Felim and the sons of Turlough.


O'Doherty, Chief of Ardmire, i.e. John Balv, the son of Conor, died; and his brother Donnell assumed his place.


Dermot O'Dowda, i.e. the son of the O'Dowda (Donnell), heir to the lordship of Hy-Fiachrach, died.


O'Hara Duv, Donough, the son of John O'Hara, entered among the friars in the monastery of Beann-fhoda, and resigned the lordship to his brother Cormac, who was then styled the O'Hara; and Cormac's place was then given to John Mac-an-Easpuig O'Hara.


The son of O'Hara of the Plain, i.e. Cormac, son of Teige, died.


Hugh, the son of Dermot Mac Donough, died.


The son of Niall Reagh O'Conor was slain by Donnell, the son of Murtough, son of Donnell O'Conor.


The plague raged virulently in Dublin, so that three thousand persons, both male and female, large and small, died of it, from the beginning of Spring to the end of the month of May. Donough, the son of O'Dowda, i.e. the son of Teige; Conor, the son of Donnell, son of Cormac Mac Donough, and his wife, the daughter of Teige Mac Donough; the Vicar of Imleach Iseal, Donough, son of Tomaltagh O'Beollain; Edmond Burke, the son of Mac William of Clanrickard, and heir to the lordship of Clanrickard, all died of the plague.


Owen O'Flaherty was treacherously slain in his own bed at night, by a farmer of his own people.


Donnell, the son of Rory, son of Taichleach O'Dowda, was blinded and hanged by Donough, the son of Murtough O'Dowda; and Cathal, son of Cormac O'Dowda, and his son, were slain by Teige Roe, the son of Murtough O'Dowda, on the same day, at the instigation of the aforesaid Donough.


A depredation was committed by O'Conor, i.e. Hugh, the son of O'Conor Don, upon Mac Costello Roe.


O'Meehin of Ballagh, Coarb of St. Molaisse, died.


Annal M1440


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1440. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred forty.


Mac William Burke, i.e. Walter, the son of Thomas, son of Sir Edmond Albanagh, Lord of the English of Connaught, and of many of the Irish, died of the plague a week before the Festival of the Holy Cross, in Autumn; and Edmond Burke, his brother, was styled Mac William in his place.


O'Donnell, Naghtan, and O'Neill, Owen, made peace with each other.


O'Doherty, Donnell, the son of Conor, Chief of Ardmire, died; and two O'Dohertys were nominated in his place, namely, Edmond, the son of Conor, and Hugh, the son of John.


Magrath,Matthew, son of Marcus, Coarb of Termon-Daveog, died; and John Boy was elected in his stead.


Brian, the son of Donnell, son of Murtough O'Conor, Lord of Lower Connaught, and star of the valour and bravery of the Irish of his time, died, two days before the Festival of St. John, after having been thirty-seven years in the lordship.


Manus Eoghanagh Maguire, son of Philip, and Catherine, daughter of Donn, son of Cuconnaught Maguire, and wife of Mac Manus Maguire, died.


Ross, the son of John Maguire, and Felim Roe, the son of Donough Roe Maguire, were slain.


Donnell O'Breslen, a learned Brehon, and intended Ollav of Fermanagh, died.


Duigen Gruamdha O'Duigennan, a learned historian, died.


Manus, the son of Donnell O'Donnell, was slain at Bun-leacaigh, by the sons of Mac Sweeny Connaughtagh; and Conor Mac-Eoin-Easpuig, i.e. Mac-an-Easpuig of Tirconnell, and Dermot, the son of Donough, son of Hugh Seanchaidh


O'Donnell, were slain on the same day. Another son of Donnell O'Donnell, and a party of the Kinel-Connell, slew the son of Mac Sweeny, Conor Mac Sweeny in revenge of his kinsman.


Grainne, the daughter of O'Kelly, and wife of Teige O'Brien, died.


The castle of Ballyboyle was taken by the son of Donnell, who was son of O'Donnell, at a time where he found it unguarded; and he found therein great spoils in money, apparel, and armour. The same castle was again taken by O'Donnell, and given back to O'Boyle; and the sons of Donnell O'Donnell were taken prisoners therein, and detained in captivity by O'Donnell for their evil deeds.


O'Rourke, i.e. Loughlin, the son of Teige, was taken prisoner by the sons of Art O'Rourke, who gave him up to Donough Ballagh Magauran and his sons, who gave him up to the sons of Tiernan O'Rourke. A war afterwards broke out between the sons of Tiernan O'Rourke and the sons of Teige O'Rourke, so that they disturbed the territory by the contests between them.


Finola, the daughter of O'Doherty, and wife of O'Donnel, died.


O'Conor Faly, his sons, and his brother Cahir, went upon a predatory incursion into Leix, O'Moore's territory; but, after having sent the prey on before them, they were overtaken by the Earl of Desmond, and by Mac Gillapatrick, who defeated O'Conor, and killed his son Con, together with sixty of his soldiers.


O'Doherty's castle, i.e. the castle of Cuil-mic-an-treoin, was taken by O'Donnell.


Mac Wattin, i.e. Thomas, son of Henry Barrett, Lord of Tirawley, died on the l5th of July; and the son of Maigiu Barrett was then nominated the Mac Wattin.



The son of O'Rourke, i.e. Hugh, the son of Hugh Boy, heir to the lordship of Breifny, was treacherously slain by the son of Dermot-na-nGamhnach O'Rourke, at Druim-da-ethiar, the town of Donough Bacagh O'Rourke.


Donnell, the son of Cormac Mac Donough, heir to the lordship of Tirerrill; O'Dugan, the historian (John, son of Cormac); and Dulgen Gruamdha O'Duigennan, Ollav to Mac Donough in history, died.

Annal M1441


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1441. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred forty-one.


The Archbishop of Connaught Tuam, i.e. Thomas O'Kelly, died.


Gillapatrick O'Maeluire, Abbot of Clogher, died.


Murtough, son of Cathal More Mac Manus, Archdeacon of Clogher, and Parson of Airech Moelain, a select ecclesiastic, died.


Donnell O'Moghan, Abbot of the monks of Boyle, head of the wisdom, knowledge, and instruction of Connaught, died.


Conor, the son of Teige Mac Donogh, Lord of Tirerrill, General Patron of the literati of Ireland in his time, died, after having vanquished the world and the Devil.


Mac Donnell of Clann-Kelly was slain by the sons of Cuconnaught Maguire.


Maguire, i.e. Thomas, committed great depredations on the sons of Annadh Mac Donnell, on which occasion he slew Edmond Mac Donnell.


Conor Oge Maguire died, after having retired from the world.


O'Mulconry, i.e. Maoilin, the son of Tany, son of Paidin, Ollav of SilMurray, the most highly respected and honoured of all the poets of Ireland in his time, died on the 13th of February, and was interred with honour in the church of Cluain Coirpthe; and Dermot Roe, the son of Donough Bane O'Mulconry, died a month after.



Piarus Cam O'Luinin, a learned historian and poet, and Erenagh of Ard, and of the third part of Airech-Moelain Derryvullan, a man greatly reverenced and honoured, died.


O'Kennedy Roe, i.e. Rory, the son of Philip, Half-Lord of Ormond, died.


Thomas, son of O'Kennedy Don, died.


O'Madden's castle, i.e. the castle of Port-an-Tulchain on the Shannon, was taken by Mac William Uachtrach and the Clann-Rickard from O'Madden; and the son of O'Madden and fourteen hostages who were in the castle were taken, together with much spoil in armour and arms.


Cormac Magauran took a great prey from the sons of Donough Ballagh Magauran.


O'Higgin, Mahon Roe, a learned poet, died.

Annal M1442


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1442. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred forty-two.


Mac Carthy Reagh, Lord of Ivahagh in Munster, died.


The Abbot O'Carthy died.


The son of William Barrett, Dean of Killala, died.


The Dean Mac Mulrony, the son of Gilchreest Mac Donough, died.


Brian, the son of Ardgal Mac Mahon, Lord of Oriel, died, after a good life.


John and Donnell Maguire, the sons of Philip, died.


O'Flaherty, i.e. Gilladuv, the son of Brian, Lord of West Connaught died.



Maguire (Thomas Oge) gave up the castle of Enniskillen to Philip Maguire, after having set Edmond and Thomas Oge at liberty.


Henry, the son of Owen O'Neill, repaired to the English, and brought a very great army of the English to Castlefin; and O'Neill, his father, with all his forces in full muster, went to meet Henry and the English at the same place. O'Donnell, i e. Naghtan, went to oppose them; but as he had not an equal number of forces to hazard the issue of a battle, he made peace with O'Neill, giving up to him the castle, the territory of Kinel-Moen, and the tribute of Inishowen. Henry left warders in the castle, and then returned home with O'Neill in triumph.


Donnell Glas Mac Carthy, Lord of Hy-Carbery, died.


O'Driscoll More (Mac Con), Lord of Corca-Laoighe, died.


Teige, son of Tomaltagh Mac Dermot, was slain with the cast of a javelin by one of the people of Cathal Mac Rannall, on the Green of Cill-Tathchomharc.


A war arose between O'Kane and Mac Quillin, in which Mac Quillin and the sons of Brian Oge O'Neill routed O'Kane, and killed thirty-two of his people.


The same war continued between O'Kane and Mac Quillin; and in the course of it many depredations and slaughters were committed: the son of Mac Quillin was slain by O'Kane, and depredations were committed by Mac Quillin on Aibhne O'Kane.


The English of Dublin and of Meath made an incursion into the country of the Byrnes, and committed great depredations. But the Byrnes and Tooles overtook the English, defeated them, killed eighty of them, and stripped them of countless spoils.



The son of Mac Murrough, Lord of Leinster, i.e. Murtough Kavanagh, heir to the lordship of Leinster, was slain by the English of Contae-Riabhach the county of Wexford. Mac Murrough, after the death of his son, made war against the Contae-Riabhach and the English of Leinster, so that they were forced to liberate the seven prisoners who had been taken on the day on which Murtough was killed, and pay Mac Murrough eight hundred marks as an eric for his son.


A war broke out between Hugh Boy O'Neill and Mac Quillin; and O'Neill rose up to assist Mac Quillin against Hugh Boy.