Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1413


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1413. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred thirteen.


Henry Barrett was taken prisoner in the church of Airech-Locha-Con by Mac Wattin (i.e. Robert), who carried him away by force, after profaning the place. But Mac Wattin passed not a night in which the saint of the place (Tigearnan of Airech) did not appear to him in a vision, demanding the prisoner, until he obtained his request at last; and Mac Wattin granted a quarter of land to Tighearnan Airich for ever, as an eric for having violated him.


Conor O'Doherty, Chief of Ardmire, and Lord of Inishowen, a man full of generosity and general hospitality to the wretched and the poor, died.



Tuathal O'Malley went, to be employed on military service, to the province of Ulster, where he remained one year; on his return home with seven ships and their crews, about the festival of St. Columbkille, a storm arose on the western sea, which drove them northwards to the right towards Scotland, where six of the ships, with all their crews, were sunk, among whom were the two sons of Tuathal O'Malley, Donough, son of Owen Connaughtagh Mac Sweeny, Donnell Ballagh, the son of Mac Sweeny Gearr, and two hundred and forty others. Tuathal himself, with much difficulty, effected a landing in Scotland.


Cathal, the son of Owen O'Madden, Lord of Sil-Anmchadha, died.


Thomas Oge O'Reilly and the Mac Cabes went upon an excursion into Meath, and committed acts of conflagration and depredation there. The English overtook them, and Mahon Mac Cabe, Loughlin Mac Cabe, and a great number of their people, were slain. Thomas Oge O'Reilly received a javelin in the leg, in consequence of which he was lame ever afterwards.


Cormac, the son of Teige, son of Rory O'Connor, died on the 6th of the Calends of May.


Turlough, the son of O'Connor Faly, died of a fall.


Bebinn, the daughter of Rory, son of Tomaltagh Mac Donough, and wife of Owen, the son of Donnell O'Connor, died.


All Limerick, both stone and wooden buildings, was burned by one woman.


A victory was gained by Mac Murrough (Art, the son of Art Kavanagh), Lord of Leinster, over the English of Contae Reagh; and great numbers of them were slain, and others taken prisoners.


A great victory was likewise gained by O'Byrne over the English of Dublin, some being killed, and others taken prisoners.


Colla, the son of Teige O'Kelly, heir to the lordship of Hy-Many; Melaghin, the son of Manus Mac Donnell; O'Meagher, Chief of Hy-Cairin; and Mac Egan of Ormond, a man learned in the Fenechus, all died.


O'Flynn, Chief of Sil-Maelruain, was slain by the son of Murtough O'Flynn.


Annal M1414


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1414. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred fourteen.


Donnell O'Howen, Dean of Lough Erne, died on the third of the Nones of October.


The monastery of Sligo was burned by a candle in the Spring of this year.


The sons of Henry O'Neill attacked Owen, the son of Niall Oge O'Neill, and took him prisoner as a hostage for the liberation of O'Neill, who was then the prisoner of Owen. Both were set at liberty, the one being given in exchange for the other; and O'Neill, i.e. Donnell, reassumed his own lordship.


A great defeat, was given to the English of Meath by Murrough O'Conor, Lord of Offaly, and Farrell Roe Mageoghegan, Lord of Kinel-Fiachach mic-Neill, at Cill-Eochain, where the Baron of Skreen, together with a great number of nobles and plebeians, were slain, and where the son of the Baron of Slane was taken prisoner, for whose ransom fourteen hundred marks were obtained. Dardis the Lawless was also taken prisoner, together with a number of others, for whose ransom twelve hundred marks were obtained, besides the usual fines called Luach-leasa and Luach-impidhe.


Hugh, the son of Cathal O'Conor, died.


Mac Carthy Cairbreach, i.e. Donnell, the son of Donnell, died.


The Earl of Desmond came to Ireland, bringing with him many of the Saxons, to devastate Munster.


The Earl of Ormond came to Ireland from the King of England.



John Stanley, the Deputy of the King of England, arrived in Ireland, a man who gave neither mercy nor protection to clergy, laity, or men of science, but subjected as many of them as he came upon to cold, hardship, and famine. It was he who plundered Niall, the son of Hugh O'Higgin, at Uisneach, in Meath. Henry Dalton, however, plundered James Tuite and the King's people, and gave the O'Higgins out of the preys then acquired a cow for each and every cow taken from them, and afterwards escorted them to Connaught. The O'Higgins, with Niall, then satirized John Stanley, who lived after this satire but five weeks, for he died of the virulence of the lampoons. This was the second poetical miracle performed by this Niall O'Higgin, the first being the discomfiture of the Clann-Conway the night they plundered Niall at Cladann; and the second, the death of John Stanley.


Conor, son of Geoffrey O'Flanagan, heir to the chieftainship of Clann-Cathail, died six days before Allhallowtide.


Eochy Mac Mahon, Tanist of Oriel, was taken prisoner by Brian Mac Mahon and the English.


Murrough O'Hennessy, Lord of Clann-Colgain, died.


Art Kavanagh, heir to the kingdom of Leinster, died.



Mulrony, the son of Farrell Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg died.


O'Driscoll More was treacherously slain by the crew of a merchant's ship.

Annal M1415


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1415. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred fifteen.


Edmond Mac Finnvar, Prior of Inis-Mor-Locha-Gamhna, died on the 27th of April.


Lord Furnival came to Ireland as Lord Justice. Leix, O'More's territory, was devastated by him, and he took the castle of the son of Faghtna O'More. He carried off great preys of cows, horses, and small cattle, from the people of Oriel; and he spoiled and plundered Mic na m-Breathnach, and hanged Garrett, the son of Thomas Caech, of the Geraldine blood. He also plundered a great number of the poets of Ireland, namely, O'Daly of Meath (Dermot), Hugh Oge Magrath, Dubhthach Mac Keogh the learned, and Maurice O'Daly. In the ensuing Summer he plundered O'Daly of Corcumroe, i.e. Farrell, the son


of Teige, son of Aengus Roe. He plundered Bruighean-da-Choga in Machaire Chuircne. And not only this, but he gave no protection to either saint or sanctuary while he abode in Ireland.


A great prey was taken by O'Malley, i.e. Hugh, from Dermot O'Malley. Dermot in retaliation took O'Malley's Island, upon which Hugh went in pursuit of Dermot; and a battle was fought between them, in which Hugh O'Malley, Lord of Umallia, was slain by Dermot and his son Conor, and also the son of Thomas O'Malley, and Donnell, the son of Dermot O'Malley. The chieftainship of Umallia was thenceforth wrested from the descendants of Hugh; and Dermot assumed the lordship.


Tomaltagh Roe, the son of Conor, son of Maurice Mac Dermot, died.


The Clasach O'Coffey, a man eminent for poetry and humanity, died.


Dermot, son of Dermot, son of Tomaltagh Mac Dermot, was slain by the sons of O'Conor Don, and was interred in the monastery of Ath-da-laarg the Abbey of Boyle.


Cahir, the son of Donough O'Farrell, died.


Hugh, son of Donough O'Kelly, died.


Tomaltagh, the son of Teige O'Beirne, was slain by Farrell, the son of Dermot Mac Rannall, in a nocturnal attack at Cluain Sithe, in Baile Ella, in the house of Mac an-Donnanaigh; and the daughter of Loughlin O'Hanly was burned there also, on the sixth of the Ides of January.


Conor, the son of Brian, son of William Mageoghegan, was slain at Cill-Cuairsighe.



A war broke out among the people of Leyny; they gave battle to each other, and the inhabitants of the eastern part of the territory were defeated, and some of them killed; and Art, the son of O'Hara, was taken prisoner, and hanged by them at their own house.


The sons of Dermot Duv O'Flaherty were partly slain and partly taken prisoners by their own kinsmen, and by Gilladuv O'Flaherty.

Annal M1416


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1416. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred sixteen.


Adam Lexid, Bishop of Ardagh, an English friar, was burned at Raithe-aspuig; and Conor,the son of Farrell,son of Cuconnaught O'Farrell,was elected in his place by the Chapter of Ardagh.


The Dean of Killala (i.e. O'Hainmche) died.


Maurice O'Coineoil, Coarb of Drumcliff, was burned in his own house by robbers.


Thomas Mac an-Oglaigh, Erenagh of Cill-Oiridh, and chief Professor of Law in Connaught, died after the victory of penance.


Lucas O'Trevor, Erenagh of Cill-Fearga, died, after spending a virtuous life.


The monastery of Sligo was re-erected (having been burned some time before) by the Friar Brian, the son of Dermot Mac Donough.


Gormlaidh, the daughter of Niall More O'Neill, and wife of John O'Donnell, died.


Ardgal, the son of Brian More Mac Mahon, Lord of Oriel, died.


Art Kavanagh (King of Leinster), the son of Art Kavanagh, who was son of Mortogh Kavanagh, son of Maurice Kavanagh, &c., only choice of the Irish of Ireland for hospitality and activity at arms, died in his own fortress, after the victory of penance.



Cu-meadha, the son of John Mac Namara, heir to the chieftainship of Clann-Cuilein, died.


An attack was made by Mac Jordan de Exeter and his kinsmen upon the sons of John O'Hara. O'Hara himself, and Turlough Carragh, the son of Donnell, son of Murtough O'Conor, with the cavalry of Carbury, met the van of this army of Mac Jordan: and O'Hara was killed; and Manus, the son of Donough, son of Murtough O'Conor, the son of Hugh Mac Donough, and Turlough Carragh, were wounded. After this Mac Jordan plundered the country, but the people of the whole territory assembled together, and went in pursuit of him; and Mac Jordan was defeated, and slain, together with Hugh O'Rowan, and O'Rowan himself, the two sons of Thomas Mac Meyler, Mac Duarcan, Lord of Cul-neiridh, and many others.


A war broke out between the people of Fermanagh and the men of Breifny, concerning the rents of Cathal, the son of Hugh O'Rourke, who at this time sided with the men of Fermanagh; and the people of Hugh Maguire and Cathal O'Rourke were defeated by Teige and Donnell O'Rourke in a conflict, in which Teige, the son of Farrell O'Rourke, and nine others, were slain; and eleven horses were taken from them on that occasion.


Another incursion was made by Hugh Boy and Teige O'Rourke, and by Mac Cabe, into Muintir-Pheodachain. The people of Fermanagh, dwelling west of Lough Erned, came up with them, as did also Cathal O'Rourke and Owen O'Rourke. The sons of O'Rourke sustained the attacks of the overwhelming numbers that pursued them, until they arrived at the place where they had left their gallowglasses in ambush; both parties then turned upon their pursuers, and slew Donough and John O'Rourke, and the two sons of Melaghlin, the son of Flaherty O'Rourke, together with forty-eight of the men of Fermanagh.


Donnell, the son of Tiernan More O'Rourke, died of galar breac. The death of this man was a great loss to Gairbthrian Connacht.


Grainne, daughter of Flaherty O'Rourke, died.



Teige Oge, the son of Teige Roe Mac Dermot Gall, Lord of Airteach, died, a short time after Michaelmas, in the Friars' House at Roscommon, and was interred in the monastery.


The church of Inis Mor, in Lough Gill, was burned; and Screaptra ui Chuirnin, and the Leabhar Gearr of the O'Cuirnins, as well as many other precious articles, were burned also.


James, son of Richard Mac Feorais Bermingham, died.


John Mac Costello set out upon a predatory expedition against Edmond Mac Costello of the Plain, and carried off a great prey; but he himself was slain by an arrow, after depositing the prey in a fastness.


John O'Canavan, Parson of Tireragh of the Moy, died.


Felim, the son of Hugh O'Conor, was slain by the sons of O'Conor Don.


Great depredations were committed by Edmond Burke upon Mac Feorais Bermingham; and Mac Feorais was taken prisoner by Edmond, and sent to Ballyloughmask to be there confined.


O'Donnell and Brian O'Conor made peace with each other.


A great defeat was given by O'Conor Ealy to the English of Meath; and he took from them considerable spoil, consisting of prisoners, horses, and armour.


Many Saxons came to Ireland.


A victory was gained by Mac Murrough over the English of Contae Reagh the county of Wexford, of whom he killed or took prisoners three hundred and forty; and on the following day a peace was made with him, and hostages were given him.


Annal M1417


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1417. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred seventeen


Art, the son of Art, son of Murtough, son of Maurice, Lord of Leinster, a man who had defended his own province against the English and Irish from his sixteenth to his sixtieth year; a man full of hospitality, knowledge, and chivalry; a man full of prosperity and royalty; the enricher of churches and monasteries, by his alms and offerings, died (after having been forty-two years in the lordship of Leinster) a week after Christmas. Some assert that it was of a poisonous drink which a woman gave to him, and to O'Doran, Chief Brehon of Leinster, at Ros-Mic-Briuin, that both died. Donough, his son, assumed his place after him.


Master John, Parson of Devenish, died.


Dermot Lávderg, the son of Art Kavanagh i.e. the son of the King of Leinster, died.


Rory (i.e. the O'Dowda), the son of Donnell, son of Brian, son of Taichleach, Fountain of the prosperity and wealth of Tireragh, died in his own town, after the festival of St. Bridget (at the end of the first month of Spring); and Teige Reagh, his brother, assumed his place.


Rory, the son of Murrough O'Flaherty; Rory, the son of Dermot Duv


O'Flaherty, and sixteen others of the O'Flahertys, were drowned in the bay of Umallia.


Thomas, the son of Mac Maurice of Kerry, was slain by James, the son of the Earl of Desmond.


Matthew, son of Cuconnaught O'Farrell, Lord of Magh Treagha, died.


Cormac Ballagh, the son of Farrell, son of Cuconnaught O'Farrell, was slain by the English.


A great war broke out between O'Neill and the Kinel-Connell. O'Neill made a nocturnal assault upon the fortress of Naghtan O'Donnell at Carn-glas, between Raphoe and Donaghmore; and, finding those within it asleep, he took away from them forty horses, and obtained other great spoils, consisting of armour, arms, and apparel. Eleven men were either killed or taken prisoners; but Naghtan O'Donnell himself made his escape, by force of his valour, prowess, and bravery.


Una, the daughter of Donnell O'Neill, and wife of Neill Oge O'Neill, died.


A great war broke out in Leinster between the English and Irish.

Annal M1418


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1418. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred eighteen.


The Bishop O'Driscoll, Maccon O'Driscoll (his brother), Lord of Corca-Laighe, and Dermot Mac Carthy Cluasach, Tanist of Hy-Cairbre, died.



Great depredations and plunders were committed by Niall O'Donnell upon O'Neill, whom he banished eastwards across the Bann to Mac Quillin.


Great depredations were committed by Lord Furnival upon Hugh Magennis, Lord of Iveagh, in Ulidia. Magennis and Mac-I-Neill Boy set out in pursuit of the English and the preys, and defeated them, after they had left the preys behind. Countless numbers of the English were slain and taken prisoners on this occasion by Magennis.


Brian Ballagh, the son of Hugh, son of Felim O'Conor, a man who never refused anything in his power to give, died, and was interred at Roscommon.


Owen, the son of Tiernan More O'Rourke, Tanist of Breifny, was drowned shortly after Christmas, as he was going in a boat from Inis-na-d-torc, an island on Lough Finvoy, to visit his father, who was then lying ill of a mortal disease.


Tiernan More, the son of Ualgarg O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny, the bravest and most puissant man that had come of the Hy-Briuin race, a man who had wrested his principality from his enemies by the strength of his arm, died at an advanced age, about the festival of St. Bridget, and was interred in the monastery of Sligo. Hugh Boy O'Rourke assumed his father's place.


Teige (i.e. the Mac Clancy), the son of Cathal, son of Teige, Chief of Dartry, died, having retired into a monastery a fortnight previously; and his son Cathal assumed his place.


Richard, the son of Thomas O'Reilly, Lord of East Breifny, was drowned in Loch Silean; and with him were also drowned, his son, Owen O'Reilly,


Philip, the son of Gilla-Isa, son of Godfrey O'Reilly, Dean of Drumlane, and Vicar of Eanach-garbh, and many other distinguished persons. Finola, however, daughter of Mac Rannall, and wife of O'Reilly, escaped by swimming.


The Small Castle was erected at Roscommon, by William O'Kelly, in the space of fifteen days, opposite the Great Castle, in despite of those English and Irish of Connaught (who were opposed to him, and were assisting the sons of Turlough O'Conor), in the summer of this year.


A great army was led by the sons of Donnell, son of Murtough O'Conor of Sligo, and the Clann-Donough, to demolish the Small Castle; and they did not halt until they encamped about it on every side; this, however, was of no use to them, for the castle was bravely defended against them; and, as they were unable to do it any injury, they laid up a store of provisions in the Great Castle, and burned the church of Cuil-Silinne on that occasion.


Lasarina, the daughter of Cathal, son of Hugh Breifneach O'Conor, and wife of Melaghlin, the son of Flaherty O'Rourke, died.


A peace was concluded between the Clann-Donough of Tirerrill, to last while Mac Donough (Conor) should be lord over them.


Donnell, son of Melaghlin, son of Maurice Mac Donough, died.


A great war broke out between Mac-I-Neill Boy, the Scots, and the English of Ulidia and the Route.

Annal M1419


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1419. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred nineteen.


John Mac Carmac, Bishop of Raphoe, died.


Hugh O'Flanagan, Prior of Lisgool, died.



A great war arose between O'Neill (Donnell, the son of Henry Aimhreidh) and Owen, the son of Niall Oge, Roydamna of Tyrone. Owen repaired to O'Donnell (Turlough), and formed a league of friendship with him; and they mustered a very great army to march into Tyrone. Brian Mac Mahon, Lord of Oriel, and Thomas Maguire, Lord of Fermanagh, came to join this army; and when they had come to one place, to meet Turlough O'Donnell, they all marched into Tyrone, totally plundered the country, and expelled O'Neill from Tyrone with disgrace, and drove him over across the Bann, to the English; and Mac-I-Neill Boy committed depredations upon him in the Glynns.


A great army was led by Brian O'Conor and all the people of Lower Connaught, with many of the English, at the request and solicitation of O'Neill; and they spoiled all Tirhugh, from Ath na-n-Gall to Ballyshannon, including its grass, corn, and buildings; and burned Murvagh, O'Donnell's fortress, while O'Donnell was with his forces in Tyrone. Brian, the son of Donnell, son of Murtough, and his forces, then returned to their homes.


Hugh Boy O'Rourke, who was Lord of Breifny for one year and a half; died; and Teige O'Rourke was elected in his place by the O'Rourkes from Slieve-an-ierin West. But Art, son of Teige, son of Ualgarg, was elected in opposition to him from Slieve-an-ierin East, by the O'Reillys, the people of Teallach Donnchadha, and the descendants of Melaghlin Mac Rannall; so that the entire of Gairbhthrian Connacht was thrown into commotion by the contests between them.


Cathal, son of Hugh Maguire, worthy heir to the lordship of Fermanagh, a man of greatest fame, and noblest deeds, of his age and time, in his territory, died.



Cucogry, the son of Niall O'Molloy, died.


Ferceart, the son of Higgin, son of Gilla-na-naev O'Higgin, the Kennfinè of the race of Gilla-na-naev O'Higgin, died.


David, the son of Tany O'Mulconry, died of the plague, in his own house, at Coill-mor na-m-Breathnach, after Penance and Extreme Unction, and was interred in the monastery of St. John the Baptist at Trim. This David was the son of the Ollav of Sil-Murray.


Dermot Roe, the son of Turlough Oge O'Conor, died.


Murrough, the son of Brian O'Flaherty, Lord of West Connaught, died.


O'Neill went to the house of Owen O'Neill, and they concluded a charitable and amicable peace with each other; and his own lordship was given restored to O'Neill.


Teige, the son of Donnell O'Kelly, Lord of Clann-mac-Eoghain died.


O'Driscoll More, and the White Knight, with his son, died.


Calvagh O'Conor Faly was treacherously taken prisoner by the son of Sir Libiner Prene, and sold to Lord Furnival, the Deputy of the King of England in Ireland; but the night after his capture, the person who was confined along with him escaped with him to his own house.


Mac Murrough, Lord of Leinster (Donough, son of Art Kavanagh), was taken prisoner by Lord Furnival, and this was a great misfortune to the Irish.


Thomas Bacagh, the son of the Earl of Ormond, went to assist the King of England in the war with France, and died while on the expedition with the King of England. The greater number of those who went with him from Ireland died likewise, either in England or France.


Feradhach, the son of Teige, son of Donnell O'Kelly, was slain by the grandson of William Oge O'Kelly.


Donough, the son of Murtough O'Conor, died of a fall in the doorway, of the castle of Sligo.


Murtough O'Conor, heir to the lordship of Offaly; Cathal, the son of Hugh


Maguire; Dermot Roe, the son of O'Conor Don; and Mac-Maurice-na-mBrigh, a man eminent for wisdom and knowledge, died.


O'Duvdirma, and Murtough, son of Cathal, who was son of Hugh Breifneach, died.


Gilla-na-naev O'Meehin, Coarb of Bealach, died.


Tomaltagh Mac-Clancy died.


Barry More and O'Sullivan died.

Annal M1420


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1420. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred twenty.


The monastery of St. Francis at Eas-Gephtine, in Munster, on recte near the bank of the Shannon, in the diocese of Limerick, was founded for Franciscan Friars by the Earl of Desmond, who erected a tomb in it for himself and his descendants.


Matthew O'Brannain, Master, Parson, and Erenagh of Doire-Maelain, died on the sixth of the Ides of September.


The castle of Bun-Drobhaoisi was commenced by Brian, the son of Donnell, son of Murtough O'Conor; but the Kinel-Connell, with their forces, came to prevent the work. Brian assembled another army to resist them, namely, his own kinsmen, O'Rourke, i.e. Teige, and Mac Donough, with their forces; so that the Kinel-Connell did not dare to proceed eastwards across the Urscatha on that occasion, but remained encamped by the Bay of Assaroe. The sons of O'Donnell, Niall Garv, Donnell, and Naghten, proceeded with a troop of cavalry to the Moy; and the sons of Brian O'Conor set out at the


same time with another troop of cavalry to reconnoitre Ballyshannon, so that both parties thus met face to face. The Kinell-Connell charged and routed the Carbury men, and killed John, the son of Brian O'Conor; Hugh Boy Mac Donough; Cathal, son of Dermot, son of Cormac, son of Rory O' Conor; and Owen O'Dowda. Brian O'Conor (on hearing of this ill news) advanced with his troops to Magh-Eni; and on the fifth night afterwards, Owen and Turlough Carragh O'Conor, the sons of Donnell, son of Murtough, crossed the ford of Assaroe with a large body of cavalry, on a nocturnal excursion. The sons of O'Donnell were at this time stationed with a squadron of cavalry at Port-na-Long, at the yonder side of the Cataract, and they had been drinking wine. After Owen had received information of this he made an attack upon them, and killed Donnell, the son of Turlough O'Donnell, heir to the lordship of Tirconnell, and others not enumerated. Niall O'Donnell went to the harbour, and swam to one of the merchant vessels lying in it. After that victory Brian O'Conor returned home.


Owen, the son of Rory O'Conor, died on the third of the Calends of May, and was interred at Clonmacnoise.


Teige, the son of Farrell O'Hara, Tanist of Leyny, died.


Cathal, son of Teige Mac Clancy, Chief of Dartry, was slain in his own house, together with Hugh Boy Mac Clancy, about the festival of St. Bridget, by their own kinsmen, Teige, Maurice, and Henry.


The Earl of Ormond, Justiciary of Ireland, waged war with the Ultonians, to obtain dominion for O'Neill; and he reduced Magennis under submission to O'Neill, and delivered up his hostages to him.


William, the son of Melaghlin, son of William O'Kelly, heir to the lordship of Hy-Many, a man full of prosperity and prowess, died, after the victory of Unction and Penance.



O'Neill was banished from the province of Ulster by Owen O'Neill, Mac-I-Neill Boy, Niall Garv O'Donnell, and the other chiefs of the province; and he went to Sligo, to the house of Brian, the son of Donnell, son of Murtough, Lord of Lower Connaught.


A war broke out in Fermanagh between Hugh Maguire and Maguire himself; and Donnell, the son of Hugh, was slain in this war.


Barry More, i.e. John, died.


O'Fallon (Hugh Boy) died.


Gilla-na-naev O'Heerin, a learned historian; Roderic, son of David O'Duigennan, another learned historian; and Farrell O'Daly, Ollav of Corcomroe in poetry, died.


The bishopric of Raphoe was procured for O'Gallagher.


Eachmarcach Roe Mac Conmidhe Mac Namee, a learned poet, died.

Annal M1421


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1421. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred four.


Nicholas Mac Brady, Bishop of Breifny, a man distinguished for wisdom, piety, chastity, and purity, died.


Thomas Oge O'Reilly, a materies of a lord, who, of all the descendants of Aedh Finn, was the most distinguished for hospitality and prowess, died in his own house.


Rory, the son of Hugh Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, a man of universal hospitality, who never refused the countenance of man, died in the castle of


the Rock, on the eleventh of the Calends of May, and was interred in the Abbey of Boyle; and Tomaltagh Oge, son of Conor, assumed his place.


Murrough O'Conor, Lord of Offaly, a man who had gained many victories over those English and Irish who opposed him, after vanquishing the world and the devil, died at his own mansion-seat, and was interred in the monastery of Killeigh.


A war arose between the O'Rourkes and the Clann-Donough. O'Rourke mustered and collected a great army to one place; and O'Donnell (Turlough) came with his forces to aid and support him, as did Hugh Maguire and his muster. O'Rourke himself, with his people, and all these his allies, proceeded into Tirerrill, and burned the country, and slew Cathal, the son of Mac Donough, and many others besides, on that occasion.


Niall O'Donnell and his army, and O'Rourke with his creaghts, went to the harbour of Assaroe; and the Clann-Donough, and Cathal, the son of Rory O'Conor, went in their absence to the fortress of O'Rourke, and burned the town, and pulled down and demolished the castle, and destroyed all that side of the country. The army of the Kinel-Connell were at this time encamped at Ardfearna; and the people of Carbury were under the castle of Bundrowes; and many men and horses were daily killed and wounded in the conflicts between them. Murtough Boy, the son of Cosnamach O'Dowda, O'Maonaigh, and the son of Donough Caemhanach, were slain by the Kinel-Connell on this occasion; and Hugh, son of Murray Roe Mac Loughlin, was drowned in the ford of Ballyshannon. They afterwards concluded a peace.


A nocturnal attack was made by Cathal O'Rourke and his sons upon Mac Clancy, on Inis Caoin, an island in Lough Melvin; and the guards of the lake,


namely, the Mag-Gollaighs, delivered up the boats of the lake to Cathal and his sons. And Mac Clancy Oge was taken prisoner by them; and they took possession of Lough Melvin and its castle. Five of the sons of Mac Clancy, and a great number of the men of Dartry, were slain by them, after which the rest of the sons of Mac Clancy went to Carbury.


More, the daughter of Brian O'Brien, and wife of Walter Burke, and who had been married to Teige O'Carroll, the most distinguished woman in her time, in Leath Mogha, for knowledge, hospitality, good sense, and piety, died. She was usually called Mor-Mumhan-na-Muimhneach.


Cormac na Coille Mac Carthy of Carbery, the best son of a lord of the Momonians in his time, was slain hy the sons of Owen Mac Carthy.


Gillareagh O'Clery, a learned historian, died, after spending a good life.


Owen O'Neill was taken prisoner by Mac-I-Neill Boy, while on his way to Dundalk to meet the Earl.


Mac Gillapatrick and the son of Libned a Frene, one of the English, set out with twelve score soldiers on a predatory excursion into Leix, and did not halt until they reached the monastery of Leix; but O'Conor Faly happened to come in contact with them in that country, and attacked Mac Gillapatrick and the English, and defeated and slaughtered them, and his people obtained great spoils of the armour, arms, and accoutrements of the English. O'Conor (Murrough) then returned home; but he was attacked by a dangerous disease, whereupon he retired among the friars in the monastery of Killeigh, and took the habit of a friar; but before his death he appointed his own kinsman, Dermot O'Conor, in his place. O'Conor was only a month among the friars, when he died, after a well-spent life.


Art, the son of Teige O'Rourke, was made O'Rourke, in opposition to Teige, the son of Tiernan.


Annal M1422


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1422. The Age of Christ, one thousand four hundred twenty-two.


Turlough, the son of Niall Garv O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell, took the habit of a monk in the monastery of Assaroe, after gaining victory over this present world; and his own son, Niall Garv, was inaugurated in his place.


Rory O'Conor (i.e. the son of Conor), Lord of Corcomroe, was slain in his own town of Caislen-na-Dumhcha, by his own kinsmen, the sons of Felim O'Conor.


Owen O'Neill was ransomed from Mac-I-Neill Boy by his wife and sons.


Dermot, son of Teige Mac Dermot, was slain.


Donnell Finn O'Flaherty was slain by the sons of Donnell O'Flaherty.


An army was mustered by O'Donnell (Niall), O'Neill, Owen O'Neill, and Mac-I-Neill Boy, with the other chiefs of the northern province. They burned and plundered the entire territory of Carbury as far as Sligo. Owen O'Conor, Turlough Carragh, and O'Rourke, mustered their forces to oppose them at Sligo, and there gave battle to the eastern army, of which seven men fell by the Connacians. From thence they the Ultonians went into Tirerrill, and devastated the entire territory.


Cosnamhach Oge Mac Egan, Ollav of the Kinel-Fiachach, and of O'Conor


Faly in judicature, was slain, in a mistake, by the sons of O'Melaghlin, with one cast of a javelin.


Niall Garv, the son of Turlough, son of Niall Garv O'Donnell, went into Fermanagh, subjugated Maguire, Mac Mahon, and Magennis, and brought them with him to O'Kane, who also submitted to him. From thence they proceeded, attended by the sons of O'Kane, to Mac-I-Neill Boy, and completely plundered the Glynns of Antrim and Mac Eoin Bisset, and burned the country; and they proceeded into Clannaboy and Moylinny, the spoils of which territories they carried off to Carrickfergus, and afterwards returned home in safety.


Owen O'Neill was ransomed by his wife and family from Mac-I-Neill Boy, by giving him cows, horses, and other gifts.


Henry VI. was made King of England on the 31st of August.


An army was led by Niall O'Donnel, O'Neill, and the chiefs of the entire province, against O'Neill Boy, and penetrated through his woods and fastnesses, until they obtained the mastery over him, so that he gave hostages to O'Neill; and he was despoiled of all the equivalents which he had obtained for the ransom of Owen O'Neill, and of other valuable things.


The same Niall O'Donnell assembled together all the chiefs of the province, namely, O'Neill, and the sons of Henry O'Neill; Owen O'Neill, with his sons and kinsmen; the sons of Cu-Uladh Roe O'Neill; the people of Fermanagh and Oriel, under the conduct of Mac Mahon and Maguire; Magennis, O'Hanlon, and Mac-I-Neill Boy, with his forces; the O'Kanes and the Kinel-Connell themselves, with their gallowglasses, and also the English of the province; and they all set out upon an expedition into Connaught. They were drawn upon this expedition by the sons of Cormac Mac Donough, and the sons of Mulrony Mac Donough, who had been banished from their country by their paternal uncle, Mac Donough, by Conor Mac Donough and his sons, and by Cormac Oge


Mac Donough. For Mac Donough had erected a castle in the territory of the sons of Mulrony Mac Donough, that is, at Caiseal Locha-Deargain, and had entirely destroyed their crops and fields, and afterwards banished them to Mac William Burke; wherefore, they drew this great army to devastate Lower i.e. North Connaught.


This great army arrived in Carbury, wounded and killed many persons at the castle of Bundrowes, burned and spoiled the country, and then proceeded to Sligo. Here Owen, the son of Donnell, and Turlough Carragh, came up with them, and routed the rere of the army, killed seven of them, and wounded men and horses. The Ultonian army remained in Cuil-irra for that night, and, on the next day, marched into Tireragh to spoil that country. O'Dowda met them and made peace with Niall O'Donnell, and delivered him hostages in behalf of his territory. From thence they went into Tirerrill and Corran, and burned and destroyed the country. The sons of Cormac and the sons of Mulrony (Mac Donough) were at the same time burning the upper part of the territory, and were overtaken by Tomaltagh Oge and the sons of Mac Donough, near Cluain gad, where they gave battle to each other, in which Maurice, the son of Cormac, Dermot, the son of Mulrony Mac Donough, and the son of Donnell, son of Hugh na Gaobhcha, were slain. The Ultonian army remained that night at Caisiol-Locha-deargain ravaging the country. From thence they went to O'Rourke, and took him prisoner; and then they returned home, crossing the Erne.