Corpus of Electronic Texts Edition
Annals of the Four Masters (Author: [unknown])

Annal M1202


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1202. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred two.


Murtough O'Carmacan, Bishop of Clonfert-Brendan, died.


Maelcolum O'Bronan, Erenagh of Tory (island), died.


Donnell O'Brollaghan, a prior, a noble senior, a sage illustrious for his intelligence, personal form, and comeliness, and for his mildness, magnanimity, piety, and wisdom, after having spent a good life, died on the twenty-seventh of April.



Maelfinen Mac Colman, a venerable senior, and Conn Craibhdheach (the Pious) O'Flanagan, died.


Donnell Carragh O'Doherty, Royal Chieftain of Ardmire, was slain by the O'Boyles, after he had plundered many churches and territories.


Conor Roe, the son of Donnell O'Brien, was slain by his own brother, i.e. Murtough, son of Donnell, who was son of Turlough O'Brien.


Turlough, the son of Roderic O'Conor, escaped from confinement; and Cathal Crovderg made peace with him, and gave him land. He afterwards expelled him, but, at the intercession of the English, made peace with him at once.


Donnell, the son of Murtough O'Melaghlin, died.


Dermot, the son of Art O'Melaghlin, was slain by the son of Loughlin O'Conor.

Annal M1203


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1203. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred three.


The son of Gillakelly O'Ruaidhin, Bishop of Kilmacduagh, died.


Derry-Columbkille was burned, from the cemetery of St. Martin to the well of St. Adamnan.


A monastery was erected by Kellagh without any legal right, and in despite of the family of Iona, in the middle of Iona, and did considerable damage to the town. The clergy of the north of Ireland assembled together to pass over into Iona, namely, Florence O'Carolan, Bishop of Tyrone i.e. of Derry; Maelisa O'Deery, Bishop of Tirconnell Raphoe, and Abbot of the church of SS. Peter end Paul at Armagh; Awley O'Fergahail, Abbot of the regles of Derry Ainmire O'Coffey; with many of the family clergy of Derry, besides numbers of the clergy of the north of Ireland. They passed over into Iona; and, in accordance with the law of the Church, they pulled down the aforesaid monastery;


and the aforesaid Awley was elected Abbot of Iona by the suffrages of the Galls and Gaels.


Dermot, the son of Murtough O'Loughlin, went on a predatory excursion into Tyrone, and plundered the Screen-Columbkille. He was encountered, however, by a party of the Kinel-Owen, who defeated Dermot and his English; and Dermot himself was killed through the miracles of the Shrine.


An army was led by the son of Hugo de Lacy and a party of the English of Meath into Ulidia; and they banished John de Courcy from thence, after they had defeated him in a battle fought at Dundaleathglas (Downpatrick), in which many had been slain.


Murtough the Teffian, son of Conor Moinmoy, who was the son of Roderic O'Conor, was slain by Dermot, the son of Roderic, and Hugh, the son of Roderic, namely, by his own two paternal uncles, on the green of Kilmacduagh.


A victory was gained by Donnell, the son of Mac Carthy, and the people of Desmond, over the English; in the conflict one hundred and sixty persons, or more, were slain.


Faelan Mac Faelan, Lord of Hy-Faelain, died in the monastery of Connell.



Kells, Trim, and Droichead Nua (Newbridge) were burned.


Sitric (the Teffian) O'Kelly, of Hy-Maine, died.

Annal M1204


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1204. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred four.


Sitric O'Sruithen, Erenagh of Conwal, i.e. head of the Hy-Murtele, and chief man of all the Clann-Snedhgile for his worth, died, after exemplary penance, and was interred in the church which he had himself founded.


John de Courcy, the plunderer of churches and territories, was driven by


the son of Hugo de Lacy into Tyrone, to seek the protection of the Kinel-Owen. He arrived at Carrickfergus, and the English of Ulidia slew great numbers of his people.



William Burke plundered Connaught, as well churches as territories; but God and the saints took vengeance on him for that; for he died of a singular disease, too shameful to be described.


Murtough O'Flaherty, Lord of West Connaught, died.


Annal M1205


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1205. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred five.


The Archbishop O'Heney retired into a monastery, where he died soon after.


Donat O'Beacdha, Bishop of Tyrawley, died.



Saerbrehagh Justin O'Deery, Erenagh of Donaghmore, and Patrick O'Muron, died.


Manus O'Kane, son of the Lord of Kianaghta and Firnacreeva, tower of the valour and vigour of the North, was wounded by an arrow, and died of the wound.


The son of Guill-bhealach O'Carroll, Lord of Ely, was slain by the English.


Conor O'Breen, of Brawney, died on his pilgrimage to Clonmacnoise.


Randal Mac Dermot, Lord of Clandermot, died.


Donnell Mac Concogry, Chief of Muintir Searcachan, died.


Donnell O'Faelain (Phelan), Lord of the Desies of Munster died.


Teige, the son of Cathal Crovderg, died of one night's sickness at Clonmacnoise.


Meyler, the son of Meyler, took possession of Limerick by force; on account


of which a great war broke out between the English of Meath and the English of Meyler, during which Cooley, the son of Cumee O'Laeghaghan, was slain by the race of Fiacha, the son of Niall i.e. the Mageoghegans, &.

Annal M1206


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1206. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred six.


Donnell O'Hurray, Chief Lector at Derry, died.


Mulpeter O'Calman, Coarb of St. Canice, and tower of the piety and wisdom of the north of Ireland, died.


Flaherty O'Flaherty, Prior of Dungiven, and Gillapatrick O'Falaghty, Erenagh of Dun-crun, died.


Egneghan O'Donnell took a prey, and killed some persons in Tyrone.


The successor of St. Patrick went to the King of England on behalf of the churches of Ireland, and to complain of the English of Ireland.



Tomaltagh, the son of Conor, son of Dermot, who was the son of Teige, Lord of Moylurg, Airtech, and Aicidheacht, and chief hero of the Clann-Mulrony, died.


Egneghan O'Donnell plundered Hy-Farannan and Clann-Dermot; he took many cows, and killed persons. He was overtaken by the Hy-Dermot, the O'Farannans, and the O'Gormleys; and a struggle ensued, in which many were killed and drowned on both sides; but the Kinel-Connell ultimately bore ofF the prey, after much labour.


Rory O'Gara, Lord of Sliabh Lugha, died.


Hugh, the son of Murrough O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, and Caithniadh O'Caithniadh, Lord of Erris, died.


Hugh O'Goirmghialla, Lord of Partry in Carra, was slain by the men of Carra.


Rory O'Toghda, Chief of Bredagh in Hy-Awley Tirawley, died.


Gilbert O'Flanagan and Ivor Mac Murrough slew each other at Roscommon.



Murtough Mac Carroon, Chief of Muintir Maoil-t-Sionna, died.


An army was led by the son of Hugo de Lacy, and the English of Meath and Leinster, into Tullaghoge (in Tyrone), and burned churches and corn, but obtained neither hostages nor pledges of submission from Hugh O'Neill on this occasion.


The same people led another army into Kienaghta, and burned all the churches of that territory, besides driving off a countless number of cows.

Annal M1207


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1207. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred seven.


Egneghan O'Donnell set out upon a predatory excursion into Fermanagh, and seized upon cows; but a considerable muster of the men of Fermanagh pursued him, and slew O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell, tower of the warlike prowess and hospitality of the province in his time; and some others of his nobility were slain along with him. The following were the nobles who fell on this occasion: Gillareagh, the son of Kellagh O'Boyle; Donough Conallagh, the son of Conor Moinmoy; and Mahon, the son of Donnell Midheach (i.e. the Meathian) O'Conor. Many other heroes fell besides these.


Donnell, the son of Farrell O'Rourke, Lord of the greater part of Breifny, died.


Murray, the son of Roderic O'Conor, and Auliffe O'Farrell, Chief of Annaly, died.


Dermot O'Madden, Lord of Sil-Anmchadha, died.


The remains of Roderic O'Conor, King of Connaught, were disinterred, and deposited in a stone shrine.



Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, King of Connaught, expelled Hugh O'Flaherty, and gave his territory to his own son, Hugh O'Conor.


A great war broke out among the English of Leinster; i.e. between Meyler, Geoffrey, Mares, and William Mareschal. Leinster and Munster suffered severely from them.


Another great war broke out between Hugo de Lacy and Meyler; and the result was, that nearly all Meyler's people were ruined.


Cathal Carragh, son of Dermot, who was son of Teige O'Mulrony, took a great prey from Cormac, son of Tomaltagh Mac Dermot, and O'Flynn of the Cataract, but was overtaken by some of the Connacians, namely, Dermot, son of Manus, who was son of Murtough O'Conor; Cormac, son of Tomaltagh; Conor God O'Hara, Lord of Leyny; and Donough O'Dowda, Lord of Tirawley and Tireragh; and a battle ensued, in which Cathal Carragh was defeated. He was taken prisoner, and blinded; and his son, Maurice, with the son of Cugranna O'Flanagan, and many others, were killed (in the battle).


Meyler Oge, Murtough O'Brien, and Turlough, the son of Roderic O'Conor,


made a predatory incursion into Tir-Fachrach Aidhne, and plundered fifteen ballys (townlands).


Cathal, son of Rory, who was son of the Sinnagh (the Fox) O'Caharny, Lord of Teffia, died.


The sons of Hugo de Lacy and the English of Meath marched to the castle of Athnurcher now Ardnurcher, and continued to besiege it for five weeks, when it was surrendered to them, as was also the territory of Fircal; and Meyler was banished from the country.

Annal M1208


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1208. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred eight.


David Breathnach (Walsh), Bishop of Waterford, was slain by O'Faelan of the Desies.



A prey was taken by Hugh O'Neill in Inishowen. O'Donnell (Donnell More) overtook him with his forces; and a battle was fought between them, in which countless numbers were slaughtered on both sides. In this battle fell Donnell Mac Murrough, and a great number of the Kinel-Owen with him. In the heat of this conflict fell also Caffar O'Donnell, Farrell O'Boyle, Cormac O'Donnell, David O'Doherty, and other chiefs of the Kinel-Connell. The Kinel-Connell were at length routed by dint of fighting.


An army was led by O'Donnell (Donnell More) against Hugh O'Neill and the Kinel-Owen; and he seized upon the spoils and hostages of the country. A peace, however, was afterwards concluded between O'Neill and O'Donnell, who entered into an alliance to assist each other against such of the English or Irish as should oppose them.


Duvinnsi Magennis, Lord of Clann-Aodha, in Iveagh, was slain by the son of Donslevy O'Haughy.


Fineen, son of Dermot, son of Cormac Mac Carthy, was slain by his own brothers.


Ualgarg O'Rourke was deprived of the lordship of Breifny; and Art, son of Donnell, who was son of Farrell, assumed his place through the influence of the English.


John, Bishop of Norwich, was sent by the King of England into Ireland as Lord Justice; and the English were excommunicated by the successor of St. Peter for sending the Bishop to carry on war in Ireland; so that the English were without mass, baptism, extreme unction, or lawful interment, for a period of three years.



Murtough, the son of Donnell O'Brien, Lord of Thomond, was taken prisoner by the English of Limerick, in violation of the guarantee of three bishops, and by order of his own brother, Donough Cairbreach.


Dermot O'Keevan, Lord of that tract of country extending from Toomore to Gleoir, died.


Auliffe O'Rothlain, Chief of Calry of Coolcarney, was slain by O'Moran.

Annal M1209


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1209. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred nine.


Kele O'Duffy, Bishop of Mayo of the Saxons; Gilchreest O'Kearney, Coarb (Bishop) of Connor; and Flaherty O'Flynn, Coarb of Dachonna of Eas-mic n-Eirc Assylyn, died.



Art, son of Donnell, who was son of Farrell O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny, was slain by Cormac, the son of Art O'Melaghlin, and Cormac, the son of Art O'Rourke; and Ualgarg O'Rourke assumed the lordship as his successor.


Donough O'Farrell, Lord of Annaly, died.


The King of England came to Ireland with seven hundred ships, and landed at Dublin, where he remained until he had recruited himself after the fatigues


of his voyage, and then set out for Tioprait Ulltain in Meath, where Cathal Crovderg O'Conor came into his house i.e. made his submission to him. He banished Walter de Lacy to England, and then proceeded, with his nobles, to Carrickfergus, whence he also banished Hugo de Lacy to England. Hugh O'Neill repaired hither at the King's summons, but returned home without giving him hostages. The King besieged Carrick until it surrendered, and he placed his own people in it. O'Conor then returned home.


The King of England then went to Rathguaire, whither O'Conor repaired again to meet him; and the King requested O'Conor to deliver him up his son, to be kept as a hostage. O'Conor did not give him his son, but delivered up four of his people instead, namely, Conor God O'Hara, Lord of Leyny; Dermot, son of Conor O'Mulrony, Lord of Moylurg; Finn O'Carmacan; and Torvenn, son of the King of the Gall-Gaels, one of O'Conor's servants of trust. The King then returned to England, bringing these hostages with him.


Annal 1210


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1210. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred ten.


The English came to Cael-uisge. Hugh O'Neill and Donnell O'Donnell, assembling their forces, marched thither, and slew the English, together with Henry Beg, and distributed their goods and property among their troops.


Turlough, the son of Roderic O'Conor, took a prey in Moylurg, and carried it with him to Seghais the Curlieus, to his brother Dermot. Hugh, the son of Cathal, pursued him; but Turlough fled before him to the North.


The hostages of Connaught arrived in Ireland, viz. Conor God O'Hara, Lord of Leyny; Dermot, son of Conor O'Mulrony; Finn O'Cormacan; and Aireachtach Mac Donough.


Murtough Muimhneach, son of Turlough More O'Conor, died.


A great war broke out between the King of England and the King of Wales: and ambassadors came from the King of England into Ireland for the English bishop; and the chiefs of the English of Ireland repaired, with the English bishop, to attend the summons of the King of England: and Richard Tuite was left in Ireland as Lord Chief Justice.



The Justice went to Athlone, with the intention of sending his brothers to Limerick, Waterford, and Wexford, that he himself might reside in Dublin and Athlone (alternately); but it happened, through the miracles of God, St. Peter, and St. Kieran, that some of the stones of the castle of Athlone fell upon his head, and killed on the spot Richard Tuite, with his priest and some of his people, along with him.


The sons of Roderic O'Conor and Teige, the son of Conor Moinmoy, accompanied by some of the people of Annaly, came across the Shannon, from the east side, into the Tuathas, and carried a prey with them into the wilderness of Kinel-Dofa. Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, pursued them; and a battle


was fought between them, in which the sons of Roderic were defeated, and again driven eastwards across the Shannon, leaving some of their men and horses behind.

Annal M1211


THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1211. The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred eleven.


Sitric O'Laighenain, Coarb of St. Comgall of Bangor, died.


The castle of Clones was erected by the English and the English bishop, and they made a predatory incursion into Tyrone; but Hugh O'Neill overtook them, and routed and slaughtered them, and slew, among others, Meyler, the son of Robert.


Thomas Mac Uchtry and the sons of Randal Mac Sorley came to Derry with a fleet of seventy-six ships, and plundered and destroyed the town. They passed thence into Inishowen, and ravaged the entire island recte peninsula.



An army was led by the Connacians, at the summons of the English bishop and Gilbert Mac Costello, to Assaroe; and they erected a castle at Cael-uisge.


Roderic, the son of Roderic, who was son of Turlough O'Conor, was slain by the inhabitants of Leyny, in Connaught.


Cormac, the son of Art O'Melaghlin, wrested Delvin from the English; and Melaghlin, the son of Art, defeated the English, who were maintaining possession of that territory, and killed their constable, Robert of Duncomar.


Cugaela O'Heyne died.


Raghnailt and Caillech De, two daughters of Roderic O'Conor, died.