Comments to: David Woods
Last Updated: February 1999
St. Marcellus of Tingis
The Passion of St. Marcellus (BHL 5255a)
1. During the consulship of Faustus and Gallus , on the 5th day before the kalends of August [28 July], when the former centurion of the first cohort had been brought in, the praeses Fortunatus said, "What were you thinking to discard your belt and hurl down your sword and staff ?"
2. Marcellus replied, "I have already told you on 21 July, loudly and in public, before the standards of this legion, when you were celebrating the anniversary of your emperor, that I am a Christian and cannot observe this oath unless to Jesus Christ the Son of the Living God."
3. The praeses Fortunatus said, "I cannot conceal your rash behaviour and so I will report these things to the ears of our lords the Augusti and Caesars. You, of course, will be sent to the court of my lord Aurelius Agricolanus, the vice-praetorian prefect, under armed guard by the consular official Cecilius.
3a. "Manilius Fortunatus sends greetings to his lord Agricolanus. On the anniversary most happy and blessed throughout the whole world of our same lords the Augusti and Caesars, when we were willingly celebrating the festival, lord Aurelius Agricolanus, the centurio ordinarius Marcellus, seized by what madness I do not know, wantonly disgirded himself of belt and sword and decided to hurl down the staff which he was carrying before the very headquarters of our lords. I have decided that it was necessary to report what was done to your power, even for him to have been sent to you also."
4. During the consulship of Faustus and Gallus, at Tingis, on the third day before the kalends of November, when Marcellus, the former centurion of the first cohort, had been brought in, an official announced, "The praeses Fortunatus has sent him to your power. There is here for your greatness also a letter concerning his case which I will read out if you so direct."
5. Agricolanus said, "Let it be read out."
6. [See 3a]
7. When it had been read out, Agricolanus said, "Did you say those things which are recorded in the praeses' record ?"
8. Marcellus said, "I did."
9. Agricolanus said, "Were you serving as a centurio ordinarius ?"
10. Marcellus said, "I was."
11. Agricolanus said, "What madness possessed you to cast aside aside your oath and say such things ?"
12. Marcellus said, "No madness possesses him who fears God."
13. Agricolanus said, "Did you make these separate statements which are recorded in the praeses' record ?"
14. Marcellus said, "I did."
15. Agricolanus said, "Did you hurl down your weapons ?"
16. Marcellus said, "I did. It is not proper for a Christian man, one who fears the Lord Christ, to engage in earthly military service."
17. Agricolanus said, "Marcellus' actions are such that they ought to be disciplined." And so he stated, "It pleases (the court) that Marcellus, who defiled the office of centurion which he held by his public rejection of the oath and, furthermore, according to the praeses' records, gave in testimony words full of madness, should be executed by the sword."
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- Delehaye, H. "Les actes de S. Marcel le centurion", Analecta Bollandiana 42 (1923), 257-287 [BHL 5253 and 5254]
- Lanata, G. "Gli atti del processo contro il centurione Marcello", Byzantion 42 (1972), 509-522 [BHL 5255a]
- de Gaiffier, B. "S. Marcel de Tanger ou de Léon ? Évolution d'une légende", Analecta Bollandiana 61 (1943), 116-139
- Masai, F. "Pour une édition critique des Actes du centurion Marcel", Byzantion 35 (1965), 277-290
- Masai, F. "Réflexions sur quelques acceptions remaquables dans les Actes de S. Marcel le centurion", Vivarium 3 (1965), 95-105
- Masai, F. "Mélectures d'abréviations romaines dans les Actesdu centurion Marcel", Scriptorium 19 (1966), 11-30
- Orgels, P. "À propos du sens de principia dans les Actes de S. Marcel", Vivarium 3 (1965), 108-114
- Seston, W. "À propos de la Passio Marcelli centurionis. Remarques sur les origines de la persécution de Dioclétien", 239-246 in Aux sources de la tradition chrétienne. Mélanges offerts à Mourice Goguel (Paris, 1950), 239-246. Reprinted in William Seston. Scripta Varia: Mélanges d'histoire Romaine, de droit, d'épigraphie et d'histoire, du christianisme (Collection de l'école française de Rome 43: Rome, 1980), 629-636
- Wistrand, E. "A note on the geminus natalis of the Emperor Maximian", Eranos 62 (1964), 139-142
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Copyright © 1999, David Woods. This file may be copied for the purpose of private research only.