Carbon monoxide is one of two oxides of carbon, the
being carbon dioxide. It is an
important industrial compound.
Carbon monoxide, CO, is prepared in the laboratory either
Industrially, carbon monoxide is prepared by the oxidation of
natural gas, which consists primarily of methane or by the water gas reaction.
- by dehydrating formic acid with concentrated sulphuric acid.
HCOOH ==> H2O + CO
- by passing carbon dioxide over heated carbon.
CO2 + C ==> 2 CO
The physical properties of carbon monoxide are that it
- is a colourless, odourless, neutral, gaseous oxide, which is highly poisonous,
- is sparingly soluble in water, but is soluble in ethanol and in benzene.
The chemical properties of carbon monoxide are that it
- Melting Point : -199 degC
- Boiling Point : -91.5 degC
- Relative density : 1.25
- is a flammable and highly toxic gas,
- is a neutral oxide which burns in air to give carbon dioxide,
- is a good reducing agent, and is used for that purpose in industry,
CuO + CO ==> Cu + CO2
- and, is an important industrial gas, which is widely used as a fuel.
- It is also an important reducing agent in the chemical industry.
Uses of Carbon Monoxide
Carbon monoxide is an important industrial gas, which is
widely used as a fuel. It is also an important reducing
agent in the chemical industry.
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